Quenya 

ëar

noun. sea, sea, great sea
Quenya [Let/386.3002; LotR/0967.3502; MC/222.0501; MC/222.0701; MC/222.2301; PE17/027.2212; PE17/103.2102; PM/363.3408; PMI/Eär.001; RGEO/65.2607; SA/ëar.001; WJ/400.2213; WJ/413.4005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ëar

sea

ëar noun "sea" (AYAR/AIR [gives also dat. sg. ëaren],WJ:413; see Letters:386 for etymology). Not to be confused with the pl. form of the verb ëa "be, exist". Pl. ëari "seas" (FS, LR:47); Eär "the Great Sea" (cf. ëaron "ocean"), ablative Eärello "from the Great Sea", et Eärello "out of the Great Sea" (EO). Eärë noun "the open sea" (SD:305). Compound ëaruilë noun "seaweed" (UY). Found in proper names like Eärendil "Sea-friend", Eärendur masc. name, *"Sea-servant"; in effect a variant of Eärendil(Appendix A). Eärendur was also used ="(professional) mariner" (Letters:386).Fem. name Eärwen "Sea-maiden" (Silm); Eärrámë "Sea-wing", "Wings of the Sea", name of Tuor's ship (RAM, AYAR/AIR, SA)

airë

noun. sea
Quenya [PE17/027.2316] Group: Eldamo. Published by

airë

sea

airë (2) noun "sea" (the form airen is given, intended as a genitive singular when Tolkien wrote this; in LotR-style Quenya it would rather be a dative sg.) (AYAR/AIR; cf. airon)

elen

star

elen noun "star" (SA:êl, elen, EL, VT49:39); pl. eleni (occasionally in verse: eldi) (WJ:362, PE17:127); partitive pl. elelli for elenli (PE17:127), gen. pl. elenion in the phrase Elenion Ancalima "brightest of stars" (LotR2:IV ch. 9; see Letters:385 for translation); elen atta "two stars" (VT49:44), genitive elen atto "of two stars" (VT49:45), eleni neldë "three stars", archaic elenion neldë = "of stars three". Genitive "of 3 stars" = elenion neldë (for archaic elenion neldëo) (VT49:45). Allative elenna "starwards" used as name of Númenor _(Silm; see Elenna)_; ablative pl. elenillor "from stars" in Markirya. **Nai elen siluva ***"may a star shine", VT49:38.

él

noun. star
Quenya [PM/340.3302; WJ/362.2302; WJ/362.2304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

star

él noun "star", pl. éli given (WJ:362, EL)

ílë

star

ílë noun "star" (LT1:269; rather elen, él in LotR-style Quenya.)

airen

noun. sea
Quenya [PE 22:23n] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

váya

sea

váya noun "sea" (considered as "waters, motion"). The wording of the source indicates that Tolkien only tentatively considered such a word (PE17:33)

vëa

sea

vëa (3) noun "sea" (MC:213, 214, 216; possibly obsoleted by #1 and #2 above, though some argue that the initial element of the late names Vëantur and Vëandur [q.v.] could be vëa #3 rather than #2 (it can hardly be #1) . In any case, the normal word for "sea" in LotR-style Quenya seems to be ëar.) Inflected vëan "sea" (MC:220), vëar "in sea" (a "Qenya" locative in -r, MC:213), vëassë "on sea" (MC:220). Cf. also vëaciryo.

Sindarin 

aear

noun. sea
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

aear

Sea

_n. _Sea, especially the Great (Western) Sea. Q. ear. nef aear, sí nef aearon lit. 'beyond the Sea, here beyond the Great Sea'. gaear, gaer

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:27] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

aear

noun. sea

Tolkien changed this word several times, see gaear

Sindarin Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaear

Sea

_n. _Sea, especially the Great (Western) Sea. Shorter form gaer. Q. ear. aear, gaer

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:27] < GAY(AR). Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gaear

noun. sea
Sindarin [Ety/349, PM/363, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

aearon

noun. great sea, ocean

Tolkien changed this word several times, see gaearon

Sindarin Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

aer

noun. sea

Tolkien changed this word several times, see aear , gaear

Sindarin Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaearon

noun. great sea, ocean
Sindarin [PM/363, PM/348, RGEO/72-73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

el

star

n. star.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:55] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

elen

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath _n._star. Its collective plural (pl2.) designates 'the (host of all the) stars, (all) the (visible) stars of the firmament'. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni. o menel aglar elenath ! lit. 'from Firmament glory of the stars !'. êl

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:24-5:67:139:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

elen

noun. star
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gaer

Sea

_n._Sea, especially the Great (Western) Sea. Shorter form of gaear.Q. aire (obsolete). aear, gaear

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:27] < _gaı_9_ră _< GAY(AR). Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gaer

noun. sea
Sindarin [Ety/349, S/431, PM/363] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaer

noun. sea
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

gil-

noun. star
Sindarin [PE 22:159] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

gill

noun. star
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

êl

star

pl1. elin, pl2. elenath** ** n. star. Q. elen, pl1. eldi, eleni, pl2. elelli. elen

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:24:67:127:139-40:151] < EL star. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

êl

noun. star
Sindarin [Let/281.2609; Let/281.2611; LotR/0238.0504; MR/373.2706; PE17/022.0104; PE17/024.4002; PE17/024.4110; PE17/024.4113; PE17/024.4114; PE17/025.0307; PE17/025.0601; PE17/025.1413; PE17/025.1415; PE17/055.2103; PE17/067.0115; PE17/067.0117; PE17/067.0118; PE17/067.0203; PE17/127.2901; PE17/127.2902; PE17/127.2903; PE17/139.2603; PE17/139.2604; PE17/139.2606; PE17/151.3908; PE17/151.3911; PE17/151.3914; PE22/150.1710; PM/369.2609; RGEO/63.0504; RGEO/64.0405; RGEO/65.1404; RGEO/65.1406; RGEO/65.1407; RGEO/67.0105; RGEO/67.0109; RGEO/67.0202; SA/êl.001; WJ/363.0202; WJ/363.0204; WJ/363.0207] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gaeron

noun. great sea, ocean
Sindarin [PM/363, PM/348, RGEO/72-73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

giliath

noun. all the host of stars
Sindarin [Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gil

noun. star, bright spark

In The Etymologies (Ety/358, corrected by VT/45:15), this word was given as geil , plural gîl. However, later in LotR/E and RGEO/73, Tolkien seems to consider gil as a singular (with no hints in the sources of what the plural would be, besides the collective plural giliath )

Sindarin [LotR/E, S/431, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

êl

noun. star (little used except in verses)
Sindarin [WJ/363, MR/373, RGEO/73, Letters/281] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* aear

sea

aear (ocean); pl. aeair. The shorter form aer (for N oer) is maybe best avoided since it can be confused with aer "holy", unless the latter is actually a lenited form of gaer. Forms with g-, representing an alternative concept of the word for ”sea”: gaear (i **aear) (ocean), pl. gaeair (i ngaeair = i ñaeair) (PM:363), also gaer (i **aer, no distinct pl. form except with article: i ngaer = i ñaer), but homophones of the latter mean "reddish, copper-coloured, ruddy" and also "dreadful, awful, fearful; holy".

* gîl

star

gîl (i ngîl = i ñîl, o n**gîl, construct gil) (bright spark, silver glint), no distinct pl. form except with article (in gîl = i ñgîl), coll. pl. giliath** (RGEO, MR:388). Poetic †êl (elen-, pl. elin, coll. pl. elenath) (RGEO, Letters:281, WJ:363).

Telerin 

elen

noun. star
Telerin [WJ/362.3302; WJ/362.3304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

noun. star
Telerin [WJ/362.3202; WJ/362.3204; WJ/407.1109] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

azar

noun. star, star (draft)

Christopher Tolkien mentions this as a noun meaning “star” from early and unpublished materials related to “The Notion Club Papers” stories (PM/372). It may be an element in the early Adûnaic name Indilzar for Elros. As Indilzar was replaced by Gimilzôr, it is likely that azar was replaced by gimli and gimil, which are well attested in later writings.

Adûnaic [PM/372.4601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

azra

noun. sea

The Adûnaic word for “sea” (SD/429), appearing as azar in some early texts (SD/305). It is fully declined on SD/431.

Adûnaic [PM/373.01021; PM/373.0109; SD/247.1004; SD/305.41101; SD/305.4201; SD/311.3805; SD/429.2502; SD/429.2508; SD/431.0402; SD/431.0602; SD/431.0702; SD/431.0803; SD/431.0804; SD/431.0902; SD/431.1003; SD/431.1102; SD/435.27011] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gimli

noun. star, star (in the sky)

A noun translated “star” (SD/431) or “star (in the sky)” (SD/427), and fully declined on SD/431 as an example of a Strong II noun.

Adûnaic [SD/427.3206; SD/427.3908; SD/428.03101; SD/428.3607; SD/431.0404; SD/431.0603; SD/431.0703; SD/431.0805; SD/431.0806; SD/431.0903; SD/431.0904; SD/431.1004; SD/431.1103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pharaz

noun. sea

A draft word for “sea”, deleted and replaced with azar (SD/305), which later become azra. This word reappeared later with a different meaning: pharaz “gold”.

Adûnaic [SD/305.4009] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

el

noun. star
Noldorin [Ety/EL.010; Ety/EL.035] Group: Eldamo. Published by

geil

noun. star
Noldorin [Ety/GIL.015; Ety/GIL.018; Ety/GIL.030; Ety/OT.014-2; EtyAC/GIL.016] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oear

noun. sea
Noldorin [Ety/349, PM/363, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

oear

noun. sea
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

oer

noun. sea
Noldorin [Ety/AY.040; Ety/AY.041; Ety/UY.027-1; TI/307.0704-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oer

noun. sea
Noldorin [Ety/349, S/431, PM/363] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

giliath

noun. all the host of stars
Noldorin [Ety/358, RC/232] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

geil

noun. star, bright spark
Noldorin [Ety/358, VT/45:15] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* aer

noun. sea
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

ayar

root. sea
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

gayār

noun. sea, sea, the terrifier
Primitive elvish [PE17/027.2313; PE21/71.3105; PM/363.3204; WJ/400.2211] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star
Primitive elvish [Let/281.2101; Let/281.2103; MR/387.2810-1; MR/388.2101; PE17/022.2506; PE17/023.3010; PE17/067.0105; PE17/139.1607; PE17/151.3901; PE17/152.3901; PE22/150.1709; VT42/11.2615; WJ/360.2203; WJ/360.2205] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vaia

noun. sea
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

ēl

noun. star
Primitive elvish [PE17/066.0105; WJ/360.2103; WJ/360.2105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

aire

noun. sea

@@@ Helge Fauskanger suggested that airen is genitive form (QQ/airë), but on PE22/23 (note #70), aire >> airen, suggesting it is an alternate (augmentative?) form, perhaps similar to later airon

Qenya [Ety/AY.037; PE22/023.2007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elen

noun. star
Qenya [Ety/EL.007; Ety/EL.028; Ety/EL.029; Ety/EL.031; PE17/014.1006; RS/324.4402; RS/324.4410; WR/223.3410] Group: Eldamo. Published by

elena

noun. star
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ellen

noun. star
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

tinwe

noun. star
Qenya [LT1A/Tinwë Linto.127; MC/213.2601; MC/214.1004; MC/220.3802; PE16/056.0306-1; PE16/057.2602-1; PE16/060.2102-1; PE16/060.4217; PE16/062.1202; PE16/072.1602; PE16/074.1202; PE16/077.0502; PE16/142.5301; PME/092.7103; QL/052.6301-2; QL/092.6401; QL/092.6402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

él

noun. star
Qenya [Ety/EL.005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

íle

noun. star
Qenya [GL/37.0905; LT1A/Tinwetári.058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

airen

noun. sea
Qenya [Ety/AY.038; PE22/023.2302] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aire(n)

noun. sea

@@@ Helge Fauskanger suggested that airen is genitive form (QQ/airë), but on PE22/23 (note #70), aire >> airen, suggesting it is an alternate (augmentative?) form, perhaps similar to later airon
Variations of the word: airen.

Element in: MQ. Alataire

Qenya [Ety/AY.037; PE22/023.2007; Ety/AY.038; PE22/023.2302] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vea

noun. sea
Qenya [PE21/08.0413; PE21/17.0503] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vea

noun. sea
Qenya [MC/213.2502; MC/213.2701; MC/214.0801; MC/216.1204; MC/220.3701; MC/220.3901; PE16/056.0206; PE16/057.2403; PE16/057.2701; PE16/060.1803; PE16/060.2201; PE16/060.3003; PE16/062.1101; PE16/062.1301; PE16/072.1501; PE16/072.1701; PE16/074.1101; PE16/074.1401; PE16/077.0601; PE16/100.0304; PE16/104.0304; PE16/138.5201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

el

noun. star

A Doriathrin noun meaning “star”, a simple derivative of the root ᴹ√EL (Ety/EL).

Doriathrin [Ety/EL.009; Ety/EL.034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

el

root. star, star, starry sky
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/EL.001; Ety/EL.022; Ety/RIG.051; Ety/ROD.052] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gilya

noun. star
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GIL.013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vaia

noun. sea
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE21/17.0505] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

gail

noun. star
Gnomish [GL/37.0901; LT1A/Tinwetári.053] Group: Eldamo. Published by

saroth

noun. sea
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

gwai

noun. sea
Early Noldorin [PE13/146.2701] Group: Eldamo. Published by