Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


verb. to give, present


  • ᴹ√NĀ/ANA “to, towards” ✧ Ety/ANA¹


  • ᴹQ. anta- “to give” ✧ Ety/ANA¹

Element in

  • ᴹ✶kabinjē antāsa “I can give it” ✧ PE22/092 (ni-kabi antā-t(ĕ)); PE22/092


  • antā ✧ PE22/092
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ANA¹; PE22/092; PE22/093; PE22/094] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. that


  • ᴹ✶tad “thither” ✧ Ety/TA
    • ᴹQ. tar “thither, beyond” ✧ Ety/TA; PE19/052; PE21/58
    • On. “thither” ✧ PE19/052; PE21/58
  • ᴹQ. ta “that, it” ✧ Ety/TA
  • ᴹQ. tana “that (anaphoric)” ✧ Ety/TA
  • On. “thither” ✧ Ety/TA

Element in

  • ᴹ√TAN “*show” ✧ PE18/033; PE18/060
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/TA; PE18/033; PE18/060] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. give

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “give” with derivatives ON. yanta- “give” and ᴹQ. Ariante “Day-bringer” (EtyAC/YAN²). Tolkien marked this entry with a “?”, and elsewhere in The Etymologies he derived ᴹQ. anta-/N. anna- “give” from ᴹ√ANA (Ety/ANA¹), so I suspect this root was a transient idea.


  • ᴹQ. anta- “to give” ✧ EtyAC/YAN²
  • On. yanta- “to give” ✧ EtyAC/YAN²

Element in

  • ᴹQ. Aryante “Day-bringer” ✧ EtyAC/YAN²
Middle Primitive Elvish [EtyAC/YAN²] Group: Eldamo. Published by