Noldorin 

amben

adverb. uphill, sloping upwards

Noldorin [Ety/348, Ety/380, X/ND3, X/ND4] am+pend. Group: SINDICT. Published by

amben

adjective. uphill, uphill; [ᴱN.] arduous, difficult, tiresome

An adjective (and adverb?) for “uphill” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, a combination of am “up” and N. penn “declivity, ✱slope” (Ety/PEN). It was contrasted with N. dadben “downhill, inclined, prone” (Ety/AM², PEN).

Conceptual Development: In The Etymologies it first appeared as N. amdenn, a derivative of ᴹ√DEN “hillside, slope”, but the meaning of this root was change to ᴹ√DEN “hole; gap, passage” (Ety/DEN), after which the form amben < ᴹ√PEN(ED) given above was introduced. The earliest appearance of this word was in Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s as ᴱN. amvenn “uphill; arduous, difficult, tiresome” explicitly marked as both an adjective and adverb, along with a noun variant ᴱN. amvinn “slope, incline, hillside” (PE13/139, 159-160). This early Noldorin form was a combination of ᴱN. am “up” and ᴱN. benn “sloping”.

Neo-Sindarin: Given its Early Noldorin use for “arduous, difficult, tiresome”, it is possible amben can be used colloquially in Neo-Sindarin with a similar sense of something difficult.

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. am(ba)penda “uphill, uphill, *sloping up; [ᴱQ.] arduous, difficult, tiresome” ✧ Ety/AM²
  • ᴹQ. ampende “upward slope” ✧ Ety/PEN

Elements

WordGloss
am“up”
penn“declivity”

Variations

  • am-bend ✧ Ety/AM²
  • amdenn ✧ Ety/DEN (amdenn)
  • ambenn ✧ Ety/PEN
Noldorin [Ety/AM²; Ety/DEN; Ety/PEN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ambend

adverb. uphill, sloping upwards

Noldorin [Ety/348, Ety/380, X/ND3, X/ND4] am+pend. Group: SINDICT. Published by

ambend

adverb. uphill

ambenn

adverb. uphill, sloping upwards

Noldorin [Ety/348, Ety/380, X/ND3, X/ND4] am+pend. Group: SINDICT. Published by

ambenn

adverb. uphill