Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 


noun. yellow bird, yellow hammer

A word for a yellow bird in The Etymologies of the 1930s, apparently the species yellowhammer, derived from ᴹ✶asmalē as an elaboration of the root ᴹ√SMAL “yellow” (Ety/SMAL). Tolkien later changed this root to √MAL, but ammale might still be plausibly derived from that root.


  • On. ammale “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’” ✧ Ety/SMAL
  • On. ammalinde “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’” ✧ Ety/SMAL
  • N. emlin “yellow bird, yellow hammer” ✧ Ety/SMAL


  • ᴹ✶asmalē “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’” ✧ Ety/SMAL
    • ᴹ√SMAL “yellow” ✧ Ety/SMAL


noun. yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’