Noldorin 

aew

noun. (small) bird

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. aiwe “(small) bird” ✧ Ety/AIWĒ

Derivations

  • ᴹ√AIWĒ “(small) bird” ✧ Ety/AIWĒ

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√AIWĒ > aew[aiwē] > [aiwe] > [aiw] > [aew]✧ Ety/AIWĒ
Noldorin [Ety/AIWĒ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aew

noun. (small) bird

Noldorin [Ety/348, S/434] Group: SINDICT. Published by

emlin

noun. yellow bird, "yellow hammer"

Noldorin [Ety/386] Group: SINDICT. Published by

fileg

noun. small bird, small bird, [G.] *sparrow

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “small bird” derived from the root ᴹ√PHILIK and cognate to ᴹQ. filit (filik-) of the same meaning (Ety/PHILIK). Tolkien said fileg was an “analogical singular” form (along with another singular form filigod) based on its plural form filig. That is because the final -k in ✱philik was lost in ancient times, as explained in Common Eldarin: Noun Structure from the early 1950s (PE21/72) so that its historical phonetic development would have produced singular N./S. ✱fil. This form was deemed unsuitable, and a new singular form fileg was constructed based on the plural. Something similar happened with S. thoron “eagle”.

Conceptual Development: The Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s had G. bilin or bilinc for “a small bird, especially sparrow”, a diminutive form of G. bil “bird” (GL/22, 23).

Neo-Sindarin: I think it likely that fileg can also be used to refer to sparrows for purposes of Neo-Sindarin, since its Quenya cognate filit was in one place glossed “sparrow, small bird” (PE21/56).

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. filit “small bird, sparrow” ✧ Ety/PHILIK; Ety/PHILIK

Derivations

  • ᴹ√PHILIK “small bird” ✧ Ety/PHILIK

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√PHILIK > filig[pʰilike] > [ɸilike] > [filike] > [filik] > [filig]✧ Ety/PHILIK

Variations

  • filigod ✧ Ety/PHILIK
Noldorin [Ety/PHILIK] Group: Eldamo. Published by

fileg

noun. small bird

Noldorin [Ety/381] Singular formed by analogy. Group: SINDICT. Published by

emelin

noun. yellow bird, "yellow hammer"

Noldorin [Ety/386] Group: SINDICT. Published by

emmelin

noun. yellow bird, "yellow hammer"

Noldorin [Ety/386] Group: SINDICT. Published by

filigod

noun. small bird

filigod

noun. small bird

Noldorin [Ety/381] Group: SINDICT. Published by