Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!



noun. bird

A word for “bird” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s appearing next to G. bilinc “sparrow”, but this word was deleted and the gloss for bilinc was expanded to “a small bird, especially sparrow” (GL/22-23). The form bil appeared in a couple other places in the Gnomish Lexicon (GL/23, 31), but seems to represent a “root” rather than a word. Tolkien indicated bil was derived from ᴱ✶du̯il (GL/31), but the exact mechanism whereby du̯- became b- isn’t clear, but a similar change is seen in 1920s ᴱ✶du̯ag- > ᴱT. baga- “beat” and ᴱ✶tu̯ak- > ᴱQ. pak- “apply, attach” (PE14/66).


  • bilbilin “bird” ✧ GL/22


  • ᴱ√VILI “*air” ✧ GL/22
  • ᴱ✶du(w)il “*bird” ✧ GL/31

Element in

  • G. bilin(c) “small bird, sparrow”
  • G. glindwil “swallow” ✧ GL/39
  • G. biltha- “to flutter, flit” ✧ GL/23

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√bīl- > bil[βil] > [bil]✧ GL/22
ᴱ✶du̯il > bil[dwil] > [bil]✧ GL/31
Gnomish [GL/23; GL/31; GL/39] Group: Eldamo. Published by


noun. bird


  • Eq. aiwe “bird” ✧ GL/17


  • ᴱ√AYA ✧ GL/17
Gnomish [GL/17; GL/32] Group: Eldamo. Published by