Quenya 

atar

noun. father

The Quenya word for “father”, derived from the root √AT(AR) (PM/324; WJ/402; VT48/19).

Conceptual Development: ᴱQ. atar “father” dates all the way back to the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, though in that document it was “a more solemn word ... usually to 1st Person of the Blessed Trinity”, as opposed to more ordinary ᴱQ. attu “father” (QL/33). In the English-Qenya Dictionary of the 1920s, ᴱQ. atar was the ordinary word for “father”, but with variant archaic form †attar (PE15/72). ᴹQ. atar “father” reappeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s as a derivative of the root ᴹ√ATA of the same meaning (Ety/ATA). It appeared again in the Quenya Verbal System of the 1940s in various inflected forms (PE22/118-119). It continued to appear regularly in Tolkien’s later writings. Thus this word was established early and retained its form throughout Tolkien’s life with only minor variations.

Variations

  • atar ✧ PM/324; SA/atar; UT/193; VT43/37; WJ/402
  • Atar ✧ VT44/16

Derivations

Cognates

  • S. adar “father” ✧ PM/324

Element in

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Atarinya1st-sg-poss-✧ UT/186; UT/273
Ataremma1st-pl-exclusive-poss“*Our Father”✧ VT43/13
Átaremma1st-pl-exclusive-poss“*Our Father”✧ VT43/13
atarendative“*to ... father”✧ VT43/37
at(an)ya1st-sg-poss-✧ VT47/26
atar(inya)1st-sg-poss-✧ VT47/26
Quenya [PM/324; SA/atar; UT/186; UT/193; UT/273; VT43/13; VT43/37; VT44/16; VT47/26; WJ/402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

atar

father

atar noun "father" (SA; WJ:402, UT:193, LT1:255, VT43:37, VT44:12). According to the Etymologies (ATA) the pl. is atari, but contrast #atári in Atanatári "Fathers of Men" (q.v.); possibly the word behaves differently when compounded. Atarinya "my father" (LR:70), atar(inya) the form a child would use addressing his or her father, also reduced to atya (VT47:26). Diminutive masc. name Atarincë ("k") "Little father", amilessë (never used in narrative) of Curufinwë = Curufin (PM:353). Átaremma, Ataremma "our Father" as the first word of the Quenya translation of the Lord's Prayer, written before Tolkien changed -mm- as the marker of 1st person pl. exclusive to -lm-; notice -e- as a connecting vowel before the ending -mma "our". In some versions of the Lord's Prayer, including the final version, the initial a of atar "father" is lengthened, producing #átar. This may be a contraction of *a atar "o Father", or the vowel may be lengthened to give special emphasis to #Átar "Father" as a religious title (VT43:13). However, in VT44:12 Atar is also a vocative form referring to God, and yet the initial vowel remains short.

atar

noun. father

Quenya [PE 22:118] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

Návatar

father

Návatar noun a title of Aulë referring to his position as the immediate author of the Dwarvish race, apparently including atar "father", but the first element cannot be related to any known term for "Dwarf" (PM:391 cf. 381)

atto

father, daddy

atto noun "father, daddy" (hypocoristic)(ATA, LR:49), supposedly a word in "actual 'family' use" (VT47:26), also used in children's play for "thumb" and "big toe" (VT47:10, 26, VT48:4, 6). The dual form attat listed in VT48:19 seems to be formed from the alternative form atta, though attat was changed by Tolkien from attot. - Compare atya.

Sindarin 

adar

noun. father

The Sindarin word for “father”, derived from the root √AT(AR) (PM/324; VT44/21-22; VT48/19).

Conceptual Development: N. adar “father” also appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s as a derivative of the root ᴹ√ATA of the same meaning (Ety/ATA). In the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s, however, G. †ador “father” was marked as archaic, and it seems {athon >>} G. nathon was the ordinary word for ”father” (GL/17, 59).

Variations

  • Adar ✧ VT44/22

Derivations

Cognates

  • Q. atar “father” ✧ PM/324

Element in

Sindarin [PM/324; VT44/22; VT48/17] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adar

noun. father

Sindarin [Ety/349, PM/324, MR/373, LotR/II:II, VT/44:21-22] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

atheg

noun. "litte father"

Sindarin [VT/48:6,17] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

atheg

noun. thumb (Elvish play-name used by and taught to children)

Sindarin [VT/48:6,17] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

adar

father

adar (pl. edair);

Telerin 

atta

noun. father

Cognates

  • Q. atto “daddy, father (familiar/family)” ✧ VT48/06

Element in

  • T. attacë “father [diminutive]; *daddy” ✧ VT48/06

Adûnaic

attô

noun. father

A noun for “father” (SD/434). Tolkien gave two forms of this word, attû and attô, with no indication as to which would be preferred. For reasons similar to those given in the entry for ammê “mother”, my guess is that attû is an archaic form, and attô was preferred by the time of Classical Adûnaic. This word is probably related to the Elvish root √AT(AR) “father”, perhaps from Primitive Elvish ᴹ✶atū.

Variations

  • attū/attō ✧ SD/434

Derivations

Primitive elvish

atar

noun. father

Variations

  • atan ✧ PE21/71; PE21/83
  • átar ✧ PE21/74; PE21/75; PE21/76
  • atta ✧ PE21/83
  • atto ✧ PE21/83

Derivatives

Derivations

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
atā́rsubjective-✧ PE21/74; PE21/75; PE21/76; PE21/77
átaraobjective-✧ PE21/76
ataradobjective-✧ PE21/77
atarīmsubjective plural-✧ PE21/77
Primitive elvish [PE21/71; PE21/74; PE21/75; PE21/76; PE21/77; PE21/83] Group: Eldamo. Published by

at(ar)

root. father

As the basis for “father” words, √AT and its extended form √ATAR date all the way back to Tolkien’s earliest ideas. The root itself did not explicitly appear in the Qenya or Gnomish Lexicons of the 1910s, but forms like ᴱQ. atar, G. †ador “father” indicate its presence (QL/33; GL/17). The root ᴹ√ATA “father” did appear in The Etymologies of the 1930s with derivatives ᴹQ. atar, N. adar (Ety/ATA) and the base √AT(AR) “father” was mentioned again in late 1960s notes on Eldarin Hands, Fingers and Numerals (VT48/19). In this late period, the Elvish words for “father” remained Q. atar and S. adar (PM/324).

Variations

  • at/atar ✧ VT48/19

Derivatives

  • Ad. attô “father”
  • atar “father”
  • Q. atto “daddy, father (familiar/family)” ✧ VT48/19
  • Q. tata “*daddy”

Element in

  • Q. atamir “heirloom”
  • Q. atya “daddy, (my) father” ✧ VT48/19
  • S. advir “heirloom”
Primitive elvish [VT48/19] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

adar

noun. father

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶atar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
    • ᴹ√ATA “father” ✧ Ety/ATA

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. atar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶atar > adar[atar] > [adar]✧ Ety/ATA
ᴹ✶atar > edeir > eder[atarī] > [atari] > [eteri] > [eteir] > [edeir] > [eder]✧ Ety/ATA

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ederplural-✧ Ety/ATA
Noldorin [Ety/ATA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adar

noun. father

Noldorin [Ety/349, PM/324, MR/373, LotR/II:II, VT/44:21-22] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ada

noun. father, daddy

Noldorin [Ety/349] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

atar

noun. father

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶atar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
    • ᴹ√ATA “father” ✧ Ety/ATA

Cognates

  • N. adar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
  • Ilk. adar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶atar > atar[atar]✧ Ety/ATA

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
atariplural-✧ Ety/ATA
Atarinya1st-sg-poss“my father”✧ LR/061
ataretta3rd-sg-poss“his father”✧ PE22/118
atarella2nd-sg-polite-poss“your father”✧ PE22/119
Qenya [Ety/ATA; LR/061; PE22/018; PE22/046; PE22/047; PE22/118; PE22/119] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

adar

noun. father

The Ilkorin word for “father” derived from primitive ᴹ✶atar[ă], also attested in its plural form edrin (Ety/ATA). It is identical to its Noldorin cognate N. adar having undergone similar phonetic changes from its primitive form, possibly atară*.

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶atar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
    • ᴹ√ATA “father” ✧ Ety/ATA

Cognates

  • ᴹQ. atar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA

Element in

  • Ilk. adda “father (hypocoristic)” ✧ Ety/ATA

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ✶atar > adar[atara] > [atar] > [adar]✧ Ety/ATA

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
edrinplural-✧ Ety/ATA
Doriathrin [Ety/ATA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

atar

noun. father

Variations

  • at(t)ā̆r ✧ PE21/66

Derivatives

  • Ilk. adar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
  • ᴹQ. atar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
  • N. adar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ATA “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ATA; PE21/66] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ata

root. father

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶atar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
    • Ilk. adar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
    • ᴹQ. atar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
    • N. adar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
  • ᴹ✶atū “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
    • ᴹQ. atto “father (hypocoristic)” ✧ Ety/ATA
  • N. ada “father (hypocoristic), father (hypocoristic), [G.] daddy” ✧ Ety/ATA
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ATA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

atū

noun. father

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. atto “father (hypocoristic)” ✧ Ety/ATA

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ATA “father” ✧ Ety/ATA
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ATA] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

ador

noun. father

Derivations

Cognates

  • Eq. atar “father”

bâb

noun. father

A word for “father” in the Gnomish Lexicon Slips (PE13/111). In the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s itself, G. babi or baba was “mummy, mamma” (GL/21, 57). As pointed out by Gilson, Welden, Hostetter and Wynne, there is a complementary change of {nân “father” >>} G. nân “mother” elsewhere in the Gnomish Lexicon Slips (PE13/115).

Gnomish [PE13/111] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nathon

noun. father

Variations

  • athon ✧ GL/17 (athon)

Element in

  • G. nathanwi “fatherhood” ✧ GL/17 (athonri); GL/59
Gnomish [GL/17; GL/59] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Quenya

atar

noun. father

Variations

  • attar ✧ PE15/72 (attar)
  • Atar ✧ QL/033

Derivations

Cognates

  • G. ador “father”

Element in

  • Eq. Ainatar “God, (lit.) Holy Father”
  • Eq. Ilúvatar “Heavenly Father, Sky-father; Lord for Always” ✧ LT1A/Ilúvatar

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
atarqidual“parents”✧ PE14/077; PE15/72; PE15/76
†attahiplural-✧ PE15/72
†attahwidual-✧ PE15/72
Early Quenya [LT1A/Ilúvatar; PE14/077; PE15/72; PE15/76; PME/033; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

atto

noun. father

attu

noun. father

Variations

  • atto ✧ PE16/135
  • tatto ✧ PE16/135

Derivations

Early Quenya [PE16/135; PME/033; QL/033] Group: Eldamo. Published by

tatto

noun. father