Quenya zR5Ì#

-tsë 0


-tsë, dual locative ending (Plotz); see -ssë

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-ssë 0


-ssë (1) locative ending (compare the preposition se, "at", q.v.); in Lóriendessë, lúmessë, máriessë, yalúmessë (q.v. for reference); pl. -ssen in yassen, lúmissen, mahalmassen, símaryassen, tarmenissen, q.v. Pronouns take the simple ending -ssë, even if the pronoun is plural by its meaning (messë "on us", VT44:12). The part. pl. (-lissë or -lissen) and dual (-tsë) locative endings are known from the Plotz letter only.

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attat 0

2 fathers or neighbours

-t (1) dual ending, on nouns denoting a _pair of something: attat "2 fathers or neighbours" (VT48:19; see _atto), máryat "her (pair of) hands" (Nam), siryat "two rivers" (VT47:11), ciriat "2 ships" (Letters:427 read ciryat as in the Plotz Letter?), maquat "group of ten" (from maqua, meaning among other things "group of five") (VT47:7), nápat "thumb and index as a pair" (VT48:5), also compare met "us two" as the dual form of me "us" (Nam, VT47:11). Other dual endings known from the Plotz letter: genitive -to, possessive -twa, dative -nt, locative -tsë, allative -nta, ablative -lto, instrumental -nten, plus -tes as a possible short locative. It may be that these endings only apply to nouns that would have nominative dual forms in -t, and that nouns preferring the alternative dual ending -u would simply add the otherwise "singular" case endings to this vowel, e.g. *Alduo rather than ?Alduto as the genitive form of "Two Trees" (Aldu). The ending -t is also used as a verbal inflection, corresponding to pl. -r (elen atta siluvat**, "two stars shall shine", VT49:45; the verb carit** "do" would also be used with a dual subject, VT49:16; cf. also the endings listed in VT49:48, 50).

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se 0

at, in

se (2), also long , preposition "at, in" (VT43:30; compare the "locative prefix" se- possibly occurring in an early "Qenya" text, VT27:25)

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se 0

preposition. at

Also glossed as “in”.

Element in: Q. -ssë

[VT43/30.1107] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

na 0

preposition. at

prep. at (a point of time or place). Ai na vedui Dúnadan. Mae g'ovannen. 'Ah! At last, Dúnadan ! Well met !'.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:16] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

na 0


na (followed by lenition), with article nan (followed by ”mixed mutation”, according to David Salos reconstruction). The preposition has various meanings: ”with, by, near” and also ”to, toward, at; of”

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya zR5Ì#

-sse 0

suffix. at

Also glossed as “in”, “by; inessive suffix”, “by”, “inessive”, “inessive adj.”.
Variations of the word: -isse, -se, -issea.



[PE14/078.1402; PE14/078.1407; PE14/047.0105; PE14/047.0212; PE14/078.1012; PE14/078.3110; PE14/078.3112; QL/056.7305; PE14/047.0207; PE14/078.1401; PE14/078.1406; PE14/046.0801; PE14/078.0301; PE14/078.0306; PE14/047.1006] Group: Eldamo. Published by


od 0

preposition. at

Also glossed as “up to”, “against”.

Early Primitive Elvish

pe 0

root. at

Also glossed as “by”.

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