Quenya zR5Ì#



-lissë or -lissen ending for partitive pl. locative (Plotz); see -li



-ssë (1) locative ending (compare the preposition se, "at", q.v.); in Lóriendessë, lúmessë, máriessë, yalúmessë (q.v. for reference); pl. -ssen in yassen, lúmissen, mahalmassen, símaryassen, tarmenissen, q.v. Pronouns take the simple ending -ssë, even if the pronoun is plural by its meaning (messë "on us", VT44:12). The part. pl. (-lissë or -lissen) and dual (-tsë) locative endings are known from the Plotz letter only.


the elves

-li partitive pl. ending (simply called a plural suffix in the Etymologies, stem LI). The ending is used to indicate a plural that is neither generic (e.g. Eldar "the Elves" as a race) nor definite (preceded by article); hence Eldali is used for "some Elves" (a particular group of Elves, when they are first mentioned in a narrative, VT49:8). Sometimes Tolkien also lets -li imply a great number; in PE17:129, the form falmalinnar from _Namárië _is broken down as falma-li-nnar "foam wave-many-towards-pl. ending", and falmali by itself Tolkien translated "many waves" (PE17:73). A distinct accusative in -seems to occur in the phrase an i falmalī (PE17:127, apparently meaning the same as i falmalinnar, but replacing the allative ending with a preposition). Genitive -lion in vanimálion, malinornélion (q.v. for reference), allative -linna and -linnar in falmalinnar, q.v. The endings for other cases are only known from the Plotz letter: possessive -líva, dative -lin, locative -lissë or -lissen, ablative -lillo or -lillon, instrumental -línen, "short locative" -lis. When the noun ends in a consonant, r and n is assimilated before l, e.g. Casalli as the partitive pl. of Casar "Dwarf" (WJ:402), or elelli as the partitive pl. of elen "star" (PE17:127). It is unclear whether the same happens in monosyllabic words, or whether a connecting vowel would be slipped in before -li (e.g. ?queneli or ?quelli as the partitive pl. of quén, quen- "person").


at, in

se (2), also long , preposition "at, in" (VT43:30; compare the "locative prefix" se- possibly occurring in an early "Qenya" text, VT27:25)


preposition. at, in

Element in: Q. -ssë

[VT43/30.1107] Group: Eldamo. Published by


preposition. at

Sindarin iT2#7T5


preposition. at

prep. at (a point of time or place). Ai na vedui Dúnadan. Mae g'ovannen. 'Ah! At last, Dúnadan ! Well met !'.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:16] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by



na (followed by lenition), with article nan (followed by ”mixed mutation”, according to David Salos reconstruction). The preposition has various meanings: ”with, by, near” and also ”to, toward, at; of”

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya zR5Ì#


suffix. inessive adj., inessive, by, by; inessive suffix, in, at

Variations of the word: -isse, -se, -issea.

Imported inflections


[PE14/078.1402; PE14/078.1407; PE14/047.0105; PE14/047.0212; PE14/078.1012; PE14/078.3110; PE14/078.3112; QL/056.7305; PE14/047.0207; PE14/078.1401; PE14/078.1406; PE14/046.0801; PE14/078.0301; PE14/078.0306; PE14/047.1006] Group: Eldamo. Published by


preposition. at

[PE21/27.0903] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

adverb. at

[PE21/27.0808] Group: Eldamo. Published by



preposition. against, at, up to

[GL/62.2001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish


root. at, by

[QL/072.8901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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