Quenya zR5Ì#

-lin

-lin

-lin ending for partitive pl. dative (Plotz); see -li

-li

the elves

-li partitive pl. ending (simply called a plural suffix in the Etymologies, stem LI). The ending is used to indicate a plural that is neither generic (e.g. Eldar "the Elves" as a race) nor definite (preceded by article); hence Eldali is used for "some Elves" (a particular group of Elves, when they are first mentioned in a narrative, VT49:8). Sometimes Tolkien also lets -li imply a great number; in PE17:129, the form falmalinnar from _Namárië _is broken down as falma-li-nnar "foam wave-many-towards-pl. ending", and falmali by itself Tolkien translated "many waves" (PE17:73). A distinct accusative in -seems to occur in the phrase an i falmalī (PE17:127, apparently meaning the same as i falmalinnar, but replacing the allative ending with a preposition). Genitive -lion in vanimálion, malinornélion (q.v. for reference), allative -linna and -linnar in falmalinnar, q.v. The endings for other cases are only known from the Plotz letter: possessive -líva, dative -lin, locative -lissë or -lissen, ablative -lillo or -lillon, instrumental -línen, "short locative" -lis. When the noun ends in a consonant, r and n is assimilated before l, e.g. Casalli as the partitive pl. of Casar "Dwarf" (WJ:402), or elelli as the partitive pl. of elen "star" (PE17:127). It is unclear whether the same happens in monosyllabic words, or whether a connecting vowel would be slipped in before -li (e.g. ?queneli or ?quelli as the partitive pl. of quén, quen- "person").

lin-

many

lin- (1) (prefix) "many" (LI), seen in lindornëa, lintyulussëa; assimilated lil- in lillassëa.

-nna

to

-n (1) dative ending, originating as a reduced form of - "to", related to the allative ending -nna (VT49:14). Attested in nin, men, ten, enyalien, Erun, airefëan, tárin, yondon (q.v.) and also added to the English name Elaine (Elainen) in a book dedication to Elaine Griffiths (VT49:40). The longer dative ending -na is also attested in connection with some pronouns, such as sena, téna, véna (q.v.), also in the noun mariéna from márië "goodness" (PE17:59). Pl. -in (as in hínin, see hína), partitive pl. -lin, dual -nt (Plotz). The preposition ana (#1) is said to be used "when purely dative formula is required" (PE17:147), perhaps meaning that it can replace the dative ending, e.g. *ana Eru instead of Erun for "to God". In some of Tolkiens earlier material, the ending -n (or -en) expressed genitive rather than dative, but he later decided that the genitive ending was to be -o (cf. such a revision as Yénië Valinóren becoming Yénië Valinórëo, MR:200).

-nna

to, at, upon

-nna "to, at, upon", allative ending, originating from -na "to" with fortified n, VT49:14. Attested in cilyanna, coraryanna, Endorenna, Elendilenna, númenórenna, parma-restalyanna, rénna, senna, tielyanna, q.v. If a noun ends in -n already, the ending -nna merges with it, as in Amanna, formenna, Elenna, númenna, rómenna as the allative forms of Aman, formen, elen, númen, rómen (q.v.). Plural -nnar in mannar, valannar, q.v.

limbë

many

limbë (2) adj. "many", probably obsoleted by #1 above (LT2:342)

na

to, towards

na (2) prep. "to, towards", possibly obsoleted by #1 above; for clarity writers may use the synonym ana instead (NĀ1). Originally, Tolkien glossed na as "at, by, near"; the new meaning entered together with the synonyms an, ana (VT45:36).

na

preposition. to, towards

@@@ fix weird cognate bug

Element in: Q. namárië

ana

to

ana (1) prep. "to" (VT49:35), "as preposition _ana _is used when purely _dative formula is required" (PE17:147), perhaps meaning that the preposition ana can be used instead of the dative ending -n (#1, q.v.) Also as prefix: ana- "to, towards" (NĀ1); an (q.v.) is used with this meaning in one source (PE17:127)_

li(n)-

prefix. many

Variations of the word: li-, liy-.

Element in: Q. lillassëa, Q. lilótëa

[PE17/081.0106-1; VT48/32.0509-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

an

preposition. to, towards, for

With suffixed article and elision in aglar'ni Pheriannath

[LotR/II:IV, UT/39, SD/129-31] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

an

to

_ prep. _to, for. naur an edraith ammen! 'fire [be] for rescue/saving for us'. aglar an|i Pheriannath  'glory to all the Halflings'.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:38:102:147] < _ana _< ANA/NĀ to, towards – added to, plu-. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

an

preposition. to us, for, to/for, to the, to

Variations of the word: an, ’ni, ann.

Elements

WordGlossSource
an-PE17/038.2603
menusPE17/038.2605

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
AelidedtoSD/129.0801
amassimilatedtoLB/354.2803-1; SD/129.0804
amassimilated*toVT44/27.3701-1
ammen1st-plfor usLotR/0290.3703; LotR/0299.1804; LotR/0307.1305; PE17/045.2002
ammen1st-pl*to usVT50/23.1305
anim1st-sgfor myselfLotR/1061.4008; PE17/117.1602
anim1st-sgto selfVT47/37.4413
annin1st-sg-PE17/147.0413

Element in: S. an, S. anann, S. anglenna-, S. aníra-

[Let/448.3502; LotR/0953.2006; SD/129.0801; LB/354.2803-1; VT44/27.3701-1; SD/129.0804; PE17/045.2002; PE17/038.2602; VT50/23.1305; LotR/0307.1305; LotR/0299.1804; LotR/0290.3703; PE17/038.2102; PE17/147.0202; LotR/0299.1802; UT/039.1202; LotR/0290.3701; PE17/038.2603; VT47/37.4413; PE17/117.1602; LotR/1061.4008; VT44/22.1303; PE17/147.0413; LB/354.2803-1|SD/129.0804; LotR/0290.3703|LotR/0299.1804|LotR/0307.1305|PE17/045.2002; LotR/1061.4008|PE17/117.1602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

na

to

e _ prep. _to, towards (of spacetime). n' before vowels. nan 2

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:147] < _nā _< ANA/NĀ to, towards – added to, plu-. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

na

preposition. to

prep. to Na-chaered palan-díriel lit. "To-distance (remote) after-gazing" na-chaered, nan 2

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:25] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

na

preposition. at, at (a point of time or place), towards, to

Variations of the word: na.

[LotR/0209.3110; PE17/016.1302; PE17/025.2102; PE17/025.2112; PE17/147.0701; PE17/147.1314; LotR/0238.0601; RGEO/63.0601; RGEO/64.0601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

an

to

(prep.) an (+ nasal mutation), with article ni "to the" (+ nasal mutation in plural).

an

to

(adverbial prefix) an-. 3)

laew

many

laew (frequent); no distinct pl. form.

Telerin 1RjR7T5

pa

preposition. to, on

[PE13/151.5403] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech

u

preposition. to

[LotR/0445.1707; PE17/078.3902; PM/083.0909] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

heltha-

verb. to strip

The form helta- in the Etymologies is a misreading according to VT/46:14

[Ety/386, VT/46:14] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

li

root. many

[VT48/25.3909] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-na

suffix. to

Element in: P. ndakna

[VT49/14.2113] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lai-

noun. many

na/ana

root. at side of, alongside, besides; moreover, in addtion, plus, to (of movement that reached an object), allative base, plu-, to(wards), motion to, allative, towards, to, towards; added to

Variations of the word: ANA, NA, , an.

Element in: P. anta-

[PE22/168.1701; PE22/157.1905; PE18/085.3015; VT48/25.3408; PE18/088.0909; PE17/147.2001; PE17/147.3101; PE17/040.1111; PE17/091.3616; PE22/163.1017; PE17/147.3107; PE17/091.3101; PE21/79.1815; PE17/147.3103; PE17/145.4110; PE17/082.0401; PE17/146.4201; PE18/085.3017; PE17/166.0101; PE17/166.0102; PE18/088.1106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

nā¹/ana

root. to, towards

Variations of the word: NĀ¹, ANA¹.

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ANinversion-Ety/YAB.013
ANAinversion-Ety/ANA¹.003; Ety/AR¹.025; Ety/NĀ¹.001; Ety/RIG.024

[Ety/YAB.013; Ety/ANA¹.001; Ety/AR¹.025; Ety/NĀ¹.003; Ety/RIG.024; EtyAC/YAB.019; Ety/ANA¹.003; Ety/NĀ¹.001; Ety/ANA¹.003|Ety/AR¹.025|Ety/NĀ¹.001|Ety/RIG.024] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin

-lin

suffix. many

[Ety/LI.027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

-li

suffix. many, multiplicative suffix

Variations of the word: -lī, -li.

Element in: EQ. saiwali

[PE14/046.0308; QL/053.6201; QL/081.2301-2; GG/15.0209] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lin-

prefix. many

Element in: MQ. lindornea, MQ. lintyulussea

[Ety/DÓRON.014-1; Ety/LI.009; Ety/YEN.006-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

li(n)-

prefix. many

Variations of the word: li-, lin-.

Element in: EQ. lintuilindórea

[LT1A/Tinwë Linto.148; QL/053.6301; QL/042.1107; LT1A/Tinwë Linto.149; PE16/077.1101-1; PE16/077.3201-1; QL/042.1109; QL/053.6302; QL/069.5204] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-nta

suffix. towards, to, at, towards; allative suffix, allative

Variations of the word: -tta, -inta, -itta, -ta, -anta, -atta.

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-intarplural-PE14/047.1010

[PE14/047.0214; PE14/078.1101; PE14/078.1103; PE14/047.0107; PE14/047.1010; PE14/047.0108; PE14/046.1001; PE14/078.0501; PE14/047.0209; PE14/078.1601; PE14/046.1002; PE14/078.0502] Group: Eldamo. Published by

olli

adjective. many

[QL/069.5301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

limba

adjective. many

[QL/053.7901; LT2A/Gondothlim.013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

olli-

prefix. many

lia(r)

adjective. many

[QL/053.7801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar

noun. on (wall), against, to, next

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
as-stem-QL/033.0801
asa-prefix-QL/033.0801

[QL/033.0801; QL/033.0802; QL/033.0901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

na

preposition. to, towards

an(a)

preposition. by, at hand, to, near, at, towards

[SD/290.1110; Ety/NĀ¹.005; SD/290.1310; EtyAC/NĀ¹.003] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ana-

prefix. towards, to

[Ety/NĀ¹.011] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ola-

prefix. many

ar

noun. to

Also glossed as “against”, “next”, “on (wall)”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
as-stem-QL/033.0801
asa-prefix-QL/033.0801

[QL/033.0801; QL/033.0802; QL/033.0901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

-lim

suffix. many

Variations of the word: -lim, -rim.

Element in: G. Goldothrim, G. Gondothlim, G. Rodothlim

[LT2A/Gondothlim.010; GG/15.0101; LT2A/Balcmeg.034; LT2A/Gondothlim.100; PE15/26.1806; QL/053.7904; LT2A/Gondothlim.058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lim

adjective. many

Variations of the word: lim.

Element in: G. Goldothrim

[GG/15.0202; GL/17.0702; GL/54.0501] Group: Eldamo. Published by

to

proper name. to

[PE15/07.1301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

lhî

noun. folk, many, a number

[PE13/148.8301; PE13/148.8707] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ô

preposition. to, on

[PE13/151.5301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

ili

root. many

Variations of the word: ILI.

[QL/053.6103; QL/053.4403; QL/042.1101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

apa

preposition. on, to

[PE13/151.5304] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.