Quenya zR5Ì#

-ië

suffix. is

- (3) "is", -ier "are", stative verb suffix occurring in Fíriel's Song: númessier "they are in the west", meldielto "they are...beloved", talantië "he is fallen", márië "it is good" (< *númessë "in the west", melda "beloved", *talanta "fallen"); future tense -iéva in hostainiéva "will be gathered" (< *hostaina "gathered"). Compare ye "is", yéva "will be", verbs that also occur in Fíriel's Song. This suffix is probably not valid in LotR-style Quenya: - is an infinitival or gerundial ending in CO, for ye "is" Namárië has , and the phrase "lost is" is vanwa ná, not *vanwië.

is

(1) vb. "is" (am). (Nam, RGEO:67). This is the copula used to join adjectives, nouns or pronouns "in statements (or wishes) asserting (or desiring) a thing to have certain quality, or to be the same as another" (VT49:28). Also in impersonal constructions: ringa ná "it is cold" (VT49:23). The copula may however be omitted "where the meaning is clear" without it (VT49:9). is also used as an interjection "yes" or "it is so" (VT49:28). Short na in airë [] na, "[] is holy" (VT43:14; some subject can evidently be inserted in the place of [].) Short na also functions as imperative: alcar mi tarmenel na Erun "glory in high heaven be to God" (VT44:32/34), also na airë "be holy" (VT43:14); also cf. nai "be it that" (see nai #1). The imperative participle á may be prefixed (á na, PE17:58). However, VT49:28 cites as the imperative form. Pl. nar or nár "are" (PE15:36, VT49:27, 9, 30); dual nát (VT49:30). With pronominal endings: nányë/nanyë "I am", nalyë or natyë "you (sg.) are" (polite and familiar, respectively), nás "it is", násë "(s)he is", nalmë "we are" (VT49:27, 30). Some forms listed in VT49:27 are perhaps to be taken as representing the aorist: nain, naityë, nailyë (1st person sg, and 2nd person familiar/polite, respectively); does a following na represent the aorist with no pronominal ending? However, the forms nanyë, nalyë, , nassë, nalme, nar (changed from nár) are elsewhere said to be "aorist", without the extra vowel i (e.g. nalyë rather than nailyë); also notice that *"(s)he is" is here nassë rather than násë (VT49:30).Pa.t. nánë or "was", pl. náner/nér and dual nét "were" (VT49:6, 9, 10, 27, 28, 30, 36). According to VT49:31, "was" cannot receive pronominal endings (though nésë "he was" is attested elsewhere, VT49:28-29), and such endings are rather added to the form ane-, e.g. anen "I was", anel "you were", anes "(s)he/it was" (VT49:28-29). Future tense nauva "will be" (VT42:34, VT49:19, 27; another version however gives the future tense as uva, VT49:30). Nauva with a pronominal ending occurs in tanomë nauvan "I will be there" (VT49:19), this example indicating that forms of the verb may also be used to indicate position. Perfect anaië "has been" (VT49:27, first written as anáyë). Infinitive (or gerund) návë "being", PE17:68. See also nai #1.

ye

is

ye (2) copula "is" (FS, VT46:22); both earlier and later sources rather point to (q.v.) as the copula "is", so ye may have been an experiment Tolkien later abandoned. Future tense yéva, q.v.

úyë

is

úyë vb., a form occurring in Fíriel's Song (cf. VT46:22), apparently ye "is" with the negative prefix ú-, hence "is not" (úyë sérë indo-ninya símen, translated "my hearth resteth not here", literally evidently *"[there] is not rest [for] my heart here")

lantë

fall

#lantë (1) noun "fall" in Noldolantë, q.v. Also lanta.

lanta-

fall

lanta- (2) "fall" (DAT/DANT (TALÁT), Narqelion, VT45:26, VT49:54); lantar aorist tense pl. (Nam, RGEO:66); pl. pa.t. lantaner "fell" (pl.) (SD:246); lantier "they fell", a plural past tense of lanta- "fall" occurring in LR:47; read probably lantaner in LotR-style Quenya, as in SD:246. Also sg. lantië "fell" (LR:56); read likewise *lantanë? (The forms in -ier, - seem to be properly perfects.) Future tense lantuva, VT49:47. Participle lantala "falling" (with locative ending: lantalassë) in Markirya.

lantar

fall

-r plural ending used on verbs with a plural subject (VT49:48, 50, 51), e.g. lantar "fall" in Namárië (with the plural subject lassi "leaves"), or unduláver as the pl. form of undulávë "licked down, covered" (PE17:72). The ending is sometimes missing where we might expect it; for instance, the verb tarnë "stood" has multiple subjects and yet does not appear as *tarner in PE17:71.

lanta

noun/adjective. fall, falling

Element in: Q. lasselanta

[LotR/1107.4402-2; PE16/096.0902-1; PE16/096.1706-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lanta

fall

lanta (1) noun "a fall" (DAT/DANT (TALÁT) ), also lantë.

lantë

noun. fall

The word lasselanta “leaf-fall, autumn” (LotR/1107) indicate the form this word should be lanta, which is how it appears in the Etymologies. However, the alternate lassewinta (PM/376) seems to be formed with the infinitive of the verb winta- rather than a noun, so perhaps lasselanta is a similar formation from the verb lanta- “to fall”.

The form lantë, appearing in Noldolantë “Fall of the Noldor” (S/87), more strongly resembles other Quenya nouns, which more often end in -e rather than -a. The noun atalantë “collapse, downfall” is a similar formation from the related verb atalta-, though it could also be the past formation “downfallen” of this TALAT-stem verb.

Element in: Q. Noldolantë

[S/087.2708-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

danna-

verb. to fall

Written dant- in the Etymologies

[Ety/354, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

danna

fall

_ v. _fall. Q. lanta-.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:66] DAN-TA. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

danna

fall

(verb) ?danna- (i dhanna, i nannar), pa.t. dant, past participle ("fallen") dannen, pl. dennin.

dant

noun. fall

[MR/373] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dant

noun. fall

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Dantmixed-mutation-MR/373.2710

[MR/373.2710] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lant

noun. fall

[Lanthir S/406, PM/349] Q lanta. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

lant

fall

_(noun) _1) #lant (pl. laint, coll. pl. lannath). This is apparently a Quenya borrowing, dant being the native Sindarin word. Note: a homophone means ”clearing in forest”. 2) pend (i bend, o phend; construct pen) (declivity), pl. pind (i phind), coll. pl. pennath. 3)

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

dant-

verb. to fall

Written dant- in the Etymologies

[Ety/354, X/Z] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dant

noun. fall

Element in: N. Dant-ruinel

[PM/135.4204] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya zR5Ì#

suq-

verb. fail, die down, go down, fall

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
sunqepast-QL/087.2901

[QL/087.2908; QL/087.2901] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lanta

noun/adjective. falling; fallen, falling, fallen, a fall, fall

Element in: EQ. lasselanta, EQ. mórilanta

[MC/214.0101; MC/214.1103; PE16/143.0701; QL/051.0701] Group: Eldamo. Published by

paptaqelasta

noun. fall, leaf dying

Elements

WordGlossSource
papt--QL/072.3502
qele-to perish; to fadeQL/072.4001-2
-staverbal nounQL/072.4001-3

[QL/072.4001; PME/072.4103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lanta

noun. a fall, fall

Element in: MQ. lasselanta

[Ety/DAT.020; Ety/TALÁT.066] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

dont

noun. a drop, fall, bump, a fall, a bump, drop

[GL/30.2301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

lṇtṇ

root. fall

Variations of the word: LANTAN.

[QL/051.0501] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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