Sindarin

Rohan

topon. Riddermark, (lit.) Horse-country

The home of the Rohirrim, translated “Riddermark” (LotR/262) or more literally “Horse-country” (RC/241). It is a combination of roch “horse” and -(i)an “-land”, with the [[[x] (“ch”) softening to [h] in Gondorian pronunciation]] (LotR/1113).
Conceptual Development: In Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, this land was first named N. Thanador of unclear meaning, which underwent several revisions (Ulthanador, Borthendor, Orothan[ador]) before Tolkien settled on N. Rohan (RS/434). At this earlier stage, Tolkien posited that this name developed from (ON.?) Rochan(dor); Tolkien coined the archaic form †Rochand later, while working on the drafts of the Lord of the Rings appendices (PM/53).

[Let/178.3011, Let/382.2407, LotR/0262.0106, LotR/1113.2310, LotR/1115.0904, LotR/1115.2009, LotRI/Riddermark.003, LotRI/Rohan.001, PM/053.2003, PMI/Rohan.001, RC/241.3404, SA/roch.007, SI/Rohan.001, UT/319.0509, UTI/Rohan.001, WJI/Rohan.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Rohirric

Riddena-mearc

topon. Riddermark

[LotRI/Rohan.004] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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