name. Men, (lit.) Followers

The Sindarin form of Q. Hildor “Men, (lit.) Followers” (WJ/387). It is a translation of the Quenya name rather than a true cognate, a combination of the Sindarin verb aphad- “to follow” and the personal suffix -on¹. A truer Sindarin cognate of Hildor is Echil.

[WJ/387.3301, WJI/Aphadon.001, WJI/Aphadon.003, WJI/Aphadon.004, WJI/Hildor.009] Group: Eldamo. Published by



name. Men, Aftercomers, (lit.) Followers

A name for Men as the second-born children of Ilúvatar, following the elves (S/99). This name is a derivative of the root √KHIL (WJ/386-7) and is related to the word hildë “heir, follower”. This term is only attested in the plural, and it isn’t clear whether the singular term *Hildo can be used for a single Man (normally Atan). This name was sometimes glossed “Aftercomers” (S/99), but its other gloss “Followers” (S/103) is a better translation. The gloss “Aftercomers” probably alludes to Apanónar “After-born”, another name for Men.
Conceptual Development: In Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, this term appeared as ᴹQ. Hildi (LR/245). In the Etymologies, the word hildi “followers, mortal men” appeared as a derivative of ᴹ√KHIL (Ety/KHIL), implying a singular form of *hilde.
In The Lord of the Rings, the plural term Q. Hildinyar was translated as “my heirs” (LotR/967). When it was written, Tolkien probably intended it to be the same word as Hildi “Men, Followers” (PE17/101, 103). In Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s, this term was first written Hildi (MR/130) but in the late-50s was changed to Hildor (WJ/219). Perhaps Tolkien split these terms, so that Hildor (singular *Hildo) was the proper name for Men, while hildi (singular *hildë) was the ordinary word for “follower” or “heir”.

[LRI/Hildi.005, LT1I/Hildor.001, MR/130.2506, MRI/Hildi.001, PE17/018.4007, PE17/101.0905, PE17/103.3402, S/099.2116, S/103.2102, SA/khil.004, SI/Aftercomers.010, SI/Followers.011, SI/Hildor.001, SMI/Hildor.001, WJ/219.4101, WJ/386.2610, WJ/387.3109, WJI/Aphadon.008, WJI/Echil.004, WJI/Hildor.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by


name. Men, (lit.) The Sickly

A somewhat insulting Elvish term for Men (S/103), the plural of the adjective engwa “sickly”.
Conceptual Development: The name ᴹQ. Engwar first appeared in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (LR/245). It also appeared in the Etymologies (Ety/GENG-WĀ).

[S/103.2203, SI/Engwar.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by



name. men, earth dwellers

[GL/50.2501, LT2A/Idril.082, LT2A/Idril.102, QL/043.2501] Group: Eldamo. Published by



name. men, earth dwellers

[GL/50.2301, LT2A/Idril.066] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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