Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Primitive Elvish


root. *(en)large, increase

The unglossed root ᴱ√DẎṆTṆ appeared in the Qenya Lexicon with derivatives like ᴱQ. yanta “large” and ᴱQ. yanta- “enlarge, increase, add to”; Tolkien also wrote and then erased a note saying “or ẎṆTṆ” (QL/106). In the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon Tolkien gave primitive yṇt as the basis for words like G. gant “larger, greater, more; (lit.) increased” and G. gantha “more” (GL/37). The superlative forms ᴱN. diant “most” and ᴱN. -iant from the Early Noldorin Grammar from the 1920s were probably related. I think it is worth positing a Neo-Root √GYANTA “(en)large, increase” to salvage some of these early words.


  • ᴱ✶yn̄t “large” ✧ QL/106
    • Eq. yanta “large” ✧ QL/106
  • Eq. yanta- “to add to, enlarge, increase, augment” ✧ GL/37; QL/106
  • En. diant “most”
  • G. gam(m)a- “to gain, profit, increase; to be profitable, bring in revenue”
  • G. gant “larger, greater, more, (lit.) increased” ✧ GL/37
  • G. gantha “more” ✧ GL/37
  • En. -iant “superlative ending”
  • G. intha- “to join to (intr.), add, increase, add to” ✧ GL/37


  • yṇt ✧ GL/37
  • DẎṆTṆ ✧ QL/106
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/37; QL/106] Group: Eldamo. Published by