Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!



adjective. inflammable; touchy, irritable; explosive

An adjective in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “inflammable — touchy, irritable — explosive” derived from primitive early root ᴱ√tudh- (GL/72), where ð became s before stops like k in Gnomish. Since there are no signs of this Gnomish sound change in later Noldorin or Sindarin, this word was likely abandoned.


  • ᴱ√TUÐU “kindle” ✧ GL/72

Element in

  • G. i·fesc ar i·dusc “a red rag to a bull, (i.e.) the irritating to the irritable” ✧ GL/34
  • G. tusc ar fesc “*irritable and irritating” ✧ GL/49

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√tudh- > tusc[tuðk] > [tusk]✧ GL/72
Gnomish [GL/34; GL/49; GL/72] Group: Eldamo. Published by


adjective. inflammable

A word in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “inflammable”, an adjectival form of G. tusta- “inflame” (GL/72).