Quenya 

tornanga

noun/adjective. hard-iron, iron hard, iron hard; hard-iron, *steel

Cognates

tornanga

iron hard

tornanga adj. "iron hard" (the order of the elements is the opposite in Quenya). (PE17:56)

torna

adjective. hard

Derivations

  • STOR “steadfast”

Element in

  • Q. anastorna “*extremely hard” ✧ PE17/056
  • Q. tornanga “hard-iron, iron hard, iron hard; hard-iron, *steel” ✧ PE17/056

torna

hard

#torna adj. "hard", as in tornanga (q.v.), seemingly -storna after prefixes ending in a vowel, as in the comparative forms aristorna, anastorna (PE17:56; the forms are untranslated and may not necessarily be the same adjective "hard".)

anga

iron

anga noun "iron", also name of tengwa #7 (ANGĀ, Appendix E, SA, PM:347, LT1:249, 268). In the pre-classical Tengwar system presupposed in the Etymologies, anga was the name of letter #19, which tengwa Tolkien would later call noldo instead (VT45:6). Masc. names Angamaitë "Iron-handed" (Letters:347), Angaráto "Iron-champion", Sindarin Angrod(SA:ar(a) ). See also Angamando, tornanga and cf. Angainor as the name of the chain with which Melkor was bound (Silm)

anga

noun. iron

Cognates

  • T. anga “iron” ✧ PM/347
  • S. ang “iron” ✧ PM/347; SA/anga

Derivations

  • angā “iron” ✧ PM/347

Element in

  • Q. Angainor ✧ SA/anga
  • Q. Angamaitë “Iron-handed” ✧ PM/347
  • Q. Angamando “Iron Prison, Iron-gaol”
  • Q. Angaráto “*Iron Champion” ✧ PM/347
  • Q. Artanga “*Noble Iron”
  • ᴺQ. angaraxa “train”
  • ᴺQ. angatië “railway line, railroad track, (lit.) iron-road”
  • Q. tornanga “hard-iron, iron hard, iron hard; hard-iron, *steel” ✧ PE17/056

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
angā > anga[aŋgā] > [aŋga]✧ PM/347
Quenya [LotR/1122; PE17/056; PM/347; SA/anga] Group: Eldamo. Published by

erë

iron

erë, eren noun "iron" or "steel"; Eremandu variant of Angamandu (Angband) (LT1:252; "iron" should be anga in LotR-style Quenya, but erë, eren may still be used for "steel". See also yaisa.)

urda

hard, difficult, arduous

urda adj. "hard, difficult, arduous" (PE17:154)

sarda

hard

sarda adj. "hard" (VT39:17); pl. sardë "hards" may be used in the same sense as sarda tengwi, q.v. (As an independent form we would rather expect a nominal pl. sardar.)