Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Primitive Elvish


root. *hate

A variant root in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s given under the entry for ᴱ√SṆKṆ “rend, tear” with which it was confused, but having derivatives like ᴱQ. sanka⁽⁾ “hate, fierce hatred” and ᴱQ. sanke “hateful” (QL/85). In the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon, words like G. thanc “loathing, hatred” and G. thancol “loathsome” were probably related (GL/72). But the Gnomish Lexicon also had a base form sag- with derivatives like G. sactha- “fight” and G. sagruith “hatred; revenge”, which could represent another variant ✱ᴱ√SAKA (GL/66); in the Qenya Lexicon it seems ᴱ√SAKA = “✱search” (QL/81). Some of the derivatives of Gnomish sag-, such as G. sanc “jag, tooth”, seem to be connected to ᴱ√SṆKṆ “rend, tear” instead. There are no signs of this root in Tolkien’s later writing.


  • Eq. sanka “hate, fierce hatred” ✧ QL/085
  • Eq. sanke “hateful” ✧ QL/085
  • G. Sactha ✧ GL/66
  • En. sag- “to fight”
  • G. sactha- “to fight” ✧ GL/66
  • G. sagruin “ferocious; full of hate towards” ✧ GL/66
  • G. sanc “jag, tooth” ✧ GL/66
  • G. sagruith “hatred; revenge” ✧ GL/66
  • G. thanc “loathing, hatred”


  • sag- ✧ GL/66
  • þṇkṇ ✧ QL/085
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/66; QL/085] Group: Eldamo. Published by