Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Primitive Elvish


root. count

The root {ᴱ√TASA >>} ᴱ√TAÞA “count” appeared in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, with derivatives ᴱQ. tanta “number” and ᴱQ. tasta- “reckon” (QL/90). It also had derivatives in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon such as G. {tant >>} tast “number” and {tath- >>} G. tathna- “number, count, reckon” (GL/69), the later the basis for {udathriol >>} G. udathnarol as in G. Nínin-Udathriol “[Battle of] Unnumbered Tears”, the earliest name for S. Nirnaeth Arnoediad of the same meaning. In Tolkien’s later writings, counting and number words were based on the root √NOT (Ety/NOT; PE17/62).


  • TASATAÞA ✧ QL/090


  • Eq. tanta “number” ✧ QL/090
  • Eq. tasinwa “numbered”
  • Eq. tasta- “to reckon” ✧ QL/090
  • G. tathn “number”
  • G. tant “a number”
  • G. tathna- “to number, count, reckon”
  • G. tath- “to count”
  • G. tast “total, amount”


  • TASA ✧ QL/090 (TASA)
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/090] Group: Eldamo. Published by

noto Reconstructed

root. count


  • ᴱ✶notta
    • En. noth “number” ✧ PE13/151
  • En. gonod- “to count (up)”
  • En. nod- “to count”
Early Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by