Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. hiss

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “hiss” with the derivative ᴹQ. surya “spirant consonant” (Ety/SUS). The root ᴹ√SIS was written nearby and was likely intended to be a variant as suggested by Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynne (EtyAC/SIS). These two variants might be later iterations of primitive ᴱ✶sṣt- from the Early Noldorin Dictionary of the 1920s with derivatives like ᴱQ. histe- “hiss” (PE13/163).


  • ᴹQ. surya “spirant consonant” ✧ Ety/SUS
  • ᴺQ. surya- “to hiss”

Element in


  • SIS ✧ EtyAC/SIS
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/SUS; EtyAC/SIS] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. hiss

Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by