Quenya 

Silmaril

radiance of pure light

Silmaril (Silmarill-, as in pl. Silmarilli), noun, name of the shining jewels made by Fëanor; full sg. form Silmarillë (SA:sil, SIL, RIL, MIR).Translated "radiance of pure light" in Letters:148. Gen. pl. Silmarillion, as in (Quenta) Silmarillion "(the Story) of the Silmarils".

silmaril

proper name. Great Jewel

The name of the great jewels crafted by Fëanor from which The Silmarillion legends gets their name (S/33). It sometimes appeared in the longer form Silmarillë (PE17/47, PM/363). Tolkien translated this name as “radiance of pure light” (Let/148) and said that it was a combination of silima, the crystaline substance from which the jewels were made (RGEO/65), and a derivative of the root √RIL “brilliant, brilliance” (PM/363), perhaps in the form [ᴹQ.] rille “brilliance”.

Conceptual Development: The name ᴱQ. Silmaril dates back to the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/128). Christopher Tolkien suggested that at this early stage it was a compound of ᴱQ. Sil “Moon” and ᴱQ. marilla “pearl” (LT1A/Silmaril), which is consistent with its Gnomish cognate G. Silubrilt. In The Etymologies, the name ᴹQ. Silmaril appears as a combination of silma “silver, shining white” and the root ᴹ√RIL (Ety/RIL, SIL), similar to its later etymology.

Element in

Elements

WordGloss
silima“crystal substance devised by Fëanor”
RIL“brilliant (light), brilliance, brilliant (light), brilliance, [ᴹ√] glitter”

Variations

  • silmaril ✧ LotR/1034; PE17/112
  • silmaril(le) ✧ PE17/047
  • silmaril(lë) ✧ PM/363
  • Silmarillë ✧ PMI/Silmaril
  • silma-ril ✧ RGEO/65
Quenya [Let/148; Let/425; LotR/1033; LotR/1034; LotRI/Silmaril; MRI/Silmaril; PE17/019; PE17/047; PE17/112; PM/030; PM/363; PMI/Silmaril; RGEO/65; S/033; SA/ril; SA/sil] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sanda

name

[sanda, sandë] (þ) (2) noun "name" (VT46:16)

sanya

name

[sanya] (þ) (2) noun ?"name" (reading of gloss uncertain, VT46:16)

-on

name

-on gen.pl. ending (3O), in aldaron, aranion, elenion, Eldaron, #esseron, Ingweron, Istarion, Númevalion, Quendion, Silmarillion, Sindaron, tasarion (see Nan-Tasarion), Valion, wenderon, yénion. Normally the ending -on is added to the nominative plural, whether it ends in -i or -r, but some nouns in -ë that would have nominative plurals in -i seem to prefer the ending -ron in the genitive (hence #esseron as the gen. pl. of essë "name", though the nominative pl. is attested as essi and we might have expected the gen. pl. *ession; similarly wenderon, Ingweron).

esta-

verb. name

Quenya [PE 22:124] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

esse

noun. name

Quenya [PE 22:124] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

essë

name

essë (1) noun "name", also later name of Tengwa #31, originally (MET) called árë (ázë). (Appendix E). With a pronominal ending esselya "thy name" (VT43:14). Pl. #essi in PM:339 and MR:470, gen.pl. #esseron "of names" in the compound Nómesseron (q.v.); we would rather have expected *ession, given the nom.pl. essi; perhaps #esser is a valid alternative plural form. Essecarmë noun "name-making" (MR:214, 470), Eldarin ceremony where the father announces the name of his child. Essecenta *("k") noun "Name-essay" (see centa) (MR:415); Essecilmë noun "name-choosing", an Eldarin ceremony where a child named him- or herself according to personal lámatyávë (q.v.) (MR:214, 471). The meaning Tolkien originally assigned to the word essë** in the Etymologies was "place" rather than "name" (VT45:12).

essë

noun. name

Cognates

  • ᴺS. ess “name”

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ES “indicate, name”

Element in

Variations

  • esse ✧ LotR/1123
  • essë ✧ MR/470
  • Esse ✧ WJ/359
Quenya [LotR/1123; MR/216; MR/470; PM/339; UT/266; UTI/epessë; VT42/17; VT43/14; WJ/359] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

esta-

verb. to name

Sindarin [estathar SD/129-31] Group: SINDICT. Published by

eneth

noun. name

Sindarin [VT/44:21,24] Group: SINDICT. Published by

esta

name

(verb.) esta- (call) (i esta, in estar)

ess

noun. name

Cognates

Sindarin Group: Eldamo - fan inventions. Published by

eneth

name

(noun) eneth (pl. enith)

Primitive elvish

en

root. name

Derivatives

  • S. en- “*to name”
  • ᴺS. enwiol “nominal”

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

esse

noun. name

Derivations

  • ᴹ√ES “indicate, name” ✧ Ety/ES

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√ES > esse[esse]✧ Ety/ES

Variations

  • esse ✧ Ety/ES; PE22/022; PE22/051
Qenya [Ety/ES; PE22/022; PE22/051; PE22/124; SD/047] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

enn

noun. name

Cognates

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ENE “*name”

Element in

  • G. entha- “to name, call, indicate, point out” ✧ GL/32
  • G. enos “title” ✧ GL/32
  • G. enweg “name sake” ✧ GL/32

Early Quenya

en(we)

noun. name

Cognates

  • G. enn “name”

Derivations

  • ᴱ√ENE “*name” ✧ QL/035

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴱ√ENE > en[emb] > [en]✧ QL/035

Variations

  • en ✧ QL/035
  • enwe ✧ QL/035
Early Quenya [QL/035] Group: Eldamo. Published by