[sanda, sandë] (þ) (2) noun "name" (VT46:16)
firm, true, abiding
- S. thand “shield” ✧ UT/281
- ✶thandā “shield” ✧ UT/282
- Q. sandastan “shield-barrier” ✧ UT/282
Development Stages Sources ✶thandā > sanda [tʰandā] > [θandā] > [θanda] > [sanda] ✧ UT/282
[sanya] (þ) (2) noun ?"name" (reading of gloss uncertain, VT46:16)
tana (1) demonstrative "that" (said to be "anaphoric") (TA). According to VT49:11, tana is the adjective corresponding to ta, "that" as a pronoun.
- Q. tambë “*as, so”
Word Gloss ta “that, there, that, there, [ᴹQ.] it”
- tănā ✧ VT49/11
yana demonstrative "that" (the former) (YA)
firm, fixed, sure
tanca ("k")adj. "firm, fixed, sure" (TAK)
tanya demonstrative "that" (MC:215; this is "Qenya", perhaps corresponding to later tana)
-on gen.pl. ending (3O), in aldaron, aranion, elenion, Eldaron, #esseron, Ingweron, Istarion, Númevalion, Quendion, Silmarillion, Sindaron, tasarion (see Nan-Tasarion), Valion, wenderon, yénion. Normally the ending -on is added to the nominative plural, whether it ends in -i or -r, but some nouns in -ë that would have nominative plurals in -i seem to prefer the ending -ron in the genitive (hence #esseron as the gen. pl. of essë "name", though the nominative pl. is attested as essi and we might have expected the gen. pl. *ession; similarly wenderon, Ingweron).
essë (1) noun "name", also later name of Tengwa #31, originally (MET) called árë (ázë). (Appendix E). With a pronominal ending esselya "thy name" (VT43:14). Pl. #essi in PM:339 and MR:470, gen.pl. #esseron "of names" in the compound Nómesseron (q.v.); we would rather have expected *ession, given the nom.pl. essi; perhaps #esser is a valid alternative plural form. Essecarmë noun "name-making" (MR:214, 470), Eldarin ceremony where the father announces the name of his child. Essecenta *("k") noun "Name-essay" (see centa) (MR:415); Essecilmë noun "name-choosing", an Eldarin ceremony where a child named him- or herself according to personal lámatyávë (q.v.) (MR:214, 471). The meaning Tolkien originally assigned to the word essë** in the Etymologies was "place" rather than "name" (VT45:12).
- ᴺS. ess “name”
- ᴹ√ES “indicate, name”
- Q. amilessë “mother-name”
- Q. anessë “given (or added) name, nickname, surname” ✧ MR/216
- Q. cilmessë “self-name”
- Q. epessë “after-name”
- Q. Essecarmë “Name-making” ✧ MR/470
- Q. Essecenta Eldarinwa “Enquiry (into the origins) of the Elvish names” ✧ WJ/359
- Q. Essecilmë “Name-choosing” ✧ MR/470
- Q. na airë esselya “hallowed be thy name” ✧ VT43/14
- Q. nómessë “place-name” ✧ VT42/17
- Q. notessë “numeral”
- ᴺQ. tengessë “address, (lit.) indication-name”
- esse ✧ LotR/1123
- essë ✧ MR/470
- Esse ✧ WJ/359
turma (1) noun "shield" (TURÚM).
umbas (þ) noun "shield" (VT45:33)
ne (2) conj. "that" (as in "I know that you are here") (PE14:54), evidently replaced by i in Tolkiens later Quenya (see i #3).
ta (1) pron. "that, it" (TA); compare antaróta** "he gave it" (FS); see anta-. The forms tar/tara/tanna "thither", talo/tó "thence" and tás/tassë* "there" are originally inflected forms of this pronoun: "to that", "from that" and "in that" (place), respectively. Compare "there" as one gloss of ta (see #4).
i, antevokaliskt in
savin elessar ar <u>i</u> nánë aran ondórëo
i (3) conj. "that". Savin Elessar ar i nánë aran Ondórëo "I believe that Elessar really existed and that [he] was a king of Gondor" (VT49:27), savin…i E[lesarno] quetië naitë *"I believe that Elessars speaking [is] true" (VT49:28) Also cf. nai, nái "be it that" (see nai #1), which may seem to incorporate this conjunction.
firm, strong, immovable, steadfast
tulca (1) ("k") adj. "firm, strong, immovable, steadfast" (TULUK)
sanda (þ) (1) adj. "firm, true, abiding" (STAN)