Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish

karan

root. red

This root appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “red” (Ety/KARÁN), a later iteration of ᴱ√KṚN of the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s of the same meaning, but with syllabic (QL/48). Its main Quenya derivative, Q. carnë, retained the same form throughout Tolkien’s life, but its Gnomish forms G. carn(in) “scarlet” and G. crintha “rosy, pink” (GL/25, 27) became N. caran “red” in the 1930s, and retained that form thereafter.

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶karani “red” ✧ Ety/KARÁN
    • ᴹQ. karne “red” ✧ Ety/KARÁN; EtyAC/KARÁN
    • N. caran “red” ✧ Ety/KARÁN; EtyAC/KARÁN
  • ᴹ✶k’rannā “ruddy (of face)” ✧ Ety/KARÁN
    • N. crann “ruddy (of face); face, blush, the cheeks, ruddy (of face); blush, the cheeks, face” ✧ Ety/KARÁN; EtyAC/KARÁN
  • ᴹQ. karanya- “to make red, redden”

Element in

Variations

  • KARÁN ✧ Ety/KARÁN; Ety/RAS; Ety/THĒ
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KARÁN; Ety/RAS; Ety/THĒ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

karani

adjective. red

Changes

  • kárānikarani ✧ Ety/KARÁN

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KARAN “red” ✧ Ety/KARÁN

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. karne “red” ✧ Ety/KARÁN; EtyAC/KARÁN
  • N. caran “red” ✧ Ety/KARÁN; EtyAC/KARÁN

Variations

  • kárāni ✧ EtyAC/KARÁN (kárāni)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KARÁN; EtyAC/KARÁN] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kuldā

adjective. red

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KUL “golden-red” ✧ Ety/GUL; Ety/KUL

Derivatives

  • N. coll “red, scarlet” ✧ Ety/GUL; Ety/KUL

Variations

  • guldā ✧ Ety/GUL (guldā)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GUL; Ety/KUL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

red

root. scatter, sow

Changes

  • ERĒDERÉD ✧ Ety/ERÉD

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶eredē “seed” ✧ Ety/ERÉD; EtyAC/ERÉD
    • Ilk. erdh “seed, germ” ✧ Ety/ERÉD
    • ᴹQ. erde “seed, germ” ✧ Ety/ERÉD; EtyAC/ERÉD
    • N. eredh “seed, germ” ✧ Ety/ERÉD; EtyAC/ERÉD
  • ᴹ✶reddā “‘sown’, sown field, acre” ✧ Ety/RED
    • ᴹQ. resta “‘sown’, sown field, acre” ✧ Ety/RED
    • N. rîdh “‘sown’, sown field, acre” ✧ Ety/RED
  • ᴹQ. rer- “to sow” ✧ Ety/RED
  • N. rhedh- “to sow” ✧ Ety/RED

Variations

  • ERÉD ✧ Ety/ERÉD; Ety/RED
  • ERĒD ✧ EtyAC/ERÉD (ERĒD)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ERÉD; Ety/RED; EtyAC/ERÉD] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kul

root. golden-red

Changes

  • GULKUL “glow, shine gold or red” ✧ Ety/GUL
  • KULKUL “gold (metal)” ✧ Ety/KUL
  • KULKUL “red” ✧ Ety/KUL

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶kuldā “red” ✧ Ety/GUL; Ety/KUL
    • N. coll “red, scarlet” ✧ Ety/GUL; Ety/KUL
  • ᴹQ. kulda “flame-coloured, golden-red” ✧ Ety/KUL
  • ᴹQ. kulina “flame-coloured, golden-red” ✧ Ety/KUL
  • ᴹQ. kullo “red gold” ✧ Ety/KUL
  • ᴹQ. kulo “flame” ✧ EtyAC/KUL
  • ᴹQ. kulu “gold (metal)” ✧ Ety/KUL; Ety/KUL
  • ᴹQ. kuluina “orange (coloured); of gold, golden” ✧ Ety/KUL; Ety/KUL
  • ᴹQ. kuluma “orange [fruit]” ✧ Ety/KUL
  • N. côl “gold (metal)” ✧ Ety/KUL
  • N. coll “red, scarlet” ✧ Ety/KUL
  • N. cûl “flame” ✧ EtyAC/KUL

Element in

  • ᴹ✶lingikā̆la “Hanging-flame” ✧ EtyAC/KAL (lingi-kulda)

Variations

  • GUL ✧ Ety/GUL (GUL); EtyAC/KUL; EtyAC/YUL
  • KULU ✧ Ety/KUL (KULU)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GUL; Ety/KUL; EtyAC/KAL; EtyAC/KUL; EtyAC/YUL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

roy

root. ruddy, red

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. roina “ruddy” ✧ Ety/ROY²
  • N. gruin “ruddy” ✧ Ety/ROY²

Variations

  • GROJ ✧ Ety/ROY²
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ROY²] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gay

root. *red, copper-coloured, ruddy

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “red, copper-coloured, ruddy” with the derived adjectives ᴹQ. aira and N. goer of similar meaning (Ety/GAWA). It replaced a (deleted) root ᴹ√GAIRĀ (EtyAC/GAIRĀ). Its most notable derivative is the name N. Taragaer “Ruddyhorn” (Ety/TARÁK), which was the precursor in Lord of the Rings drafts of 1940s to the name of S. Caradhras “Redhorn” (RS/419). Given the eventual replacement of this name in the final version of The Lord of the Rings Tolkien likely abandoned this root, especially given its conflict with the later root √GAY(AR) “awe, dread” that was the basis for words for “sea”.

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. aira “red, copper-coloured, ruddy” ✧ Ety/GAY
  • N. goer “red, copper-coloured, ruddy” ✧ Ety/GAY; EtyAC/GAIRĀ

Element in

  • N. Taragaer “Ruddyhorn” ✧ Ety/TARÁK

Variations

  • GAIRĀ ✧ EtyAC/GAIRĀ (GAIRĀ)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GAY; Ety/TARÁK; EtyAC/GAIRĀ] Group: Eldamo. Published by