Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Primitive Elvish


root. open, spread out, show


  • Eq. apanta- “to open, reveal, show, display” ✧ QL/034
  • Eq. panta “open, wide, spreading” ✧ QL/072
  • Eq. panta- “to open, unfold, spread” ✧ QL/072
  • Eq. patsima “wide open” ✧ QL/072


  • PATA² ✧ QL/034; QL/072
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/034; QL/072] Group: Eldamo. Published by


verb. spit


  • Eq. pist- “to spit” ✧ PE13/163; PE14/058
  • En. hist- “to spit” ✧ PE13/147


  • pisti- ✧ PE12/003
  • pst- ✧ PE13/147
  • pṣt ✧ PE14/058
Early Primitive Elvish [PE12/003; PE13/147; PE13/163; PE14/058] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. *strike, flat of hand

An unglossed root in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with derivatives like ᴱQ. paltya “flat of hand” and ᴱQ. pilty- “strike, esp. with flat hand” (QL/74). It later writings words for the flat of the hand were derived from √PAL: Q. palta and S. plad, probably a partial restoration of this early root (VT47/8).


  • PḶTḶPḶT͡YḶ ✧ QL/074


  • Eq. paltya “flat of hand, palm of hand” ✧ QL/074
  • Eq. pilt “blow, cuff, box on ear” ✧ QL/074
  • Eq. pilty- “to strike (esp. with flat hand)” ✧ QL/074


  • pḷtyḷ ✧ QL/072
  • PḶT͡YḶ ✧ QL/074
  • PḶTḶ ✧ QL/074 (PḶTḶ)
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/072; QL/074] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pṛtṛ Reconstructed

root. judge

A hypothetical root explaining words in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s such G. pridu- “decide” and G. pridwir “judge” (GL/64). There are no signs of this root in Tolkien’s later writing.


Early Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by