Quenya 

pol-

verb. can, to be able to

Cognates

  • ᴺS. pol- “can, to be able to”

Derivations

  • POL “can, have physical power and ability; large, big (strong); pound up, break up small, reduce to powder, can, have physical power and ability; large, big (strong); [ᴹ√] physically strong, [ᴱ√] have stength; [√] pound up, break up small, reduce to powder” ✧ PE17/181; VT41/06

Element in

  • ᴺQ. polëa “able”
  • ᴺQ. polië “ability”
  • Q. polin quetë “I can speak, I am able to speak” ✧ PE17/181; VT41/06
  • ᴺQ. polta- “to (physically) enable”

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
POL > polin[pol-]✧ PE17/181
Quenya [PE17/155; PE17/181; VT41/06] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pol-

can

pol- (1) vb. "can" = have physical power and ability, as in polin quetë "I can speak (because mouth and tongue are free)". Cf. ista-, lerta- as verbs "can" with somewhat different shades of meaning. (VT41:6, PE17:181)

lerta-

can

lerta- vb. "can" in the sense "be free to do", being under no restraint (physical or other). Lertan quetë "I can speak (because I am free to do so, there being no obstacle of promise, secrecy, or duty)". Where the absence of a physical restraint is considered, this verb can be used in much the same sense as pol- (VT41:6)