Primitive elvish


verb. to become, come into being, turn into (another state)


  • OLgrow, [ᴹ√] grow [into]; become”


  • Q. ola- “to become, to become; [ᴹQ.] to grow (up)”


  • olā ✧ PE22/134
Primitive elvish [PE22/134] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. many

This root was connected to words for “many” throughout Tolkien’s life. In the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s it appeared as ᴱ√, with variant ᴱ√ILI “many” and extended form ᴱ√LIYA (LI + ya) “unite many as one” with derivatives like ᴱQ. lia- “entwine” and ᴱQ. liante “tendril” (QL/42, 53). In later writings there is no sign of the inversion √IL “many” (later √IL meant “all”), whereas ᴱ√LIYA seems to have shifted to unrelated ᴹ√SLIG with derivatives like ᴹQ. lia “fine thread, spider filament” and ᴹQ. liante “spider” (Ety/SLIG).

The base root ᴹ√LI “many” did reappear in The Etymologies of the 1930s, however (Ety/LI), and √LI “many” appeared again in etymological notes from the late 1960s (VT48/25). The long-standing connection between this root and the Quenya (partitive) plural suffixes indicates its stability in Tolkien’s mind.


  • Q. -li “partitive plural (suffix); many, some, a lot of”
  • Q. lië “people, folk”
  • Q. li(n)- “many”
  • ᴺQ. lina “many”
  • ᴺQ. lio “much”
  • S. “people (of one kind or origin), people (of one kind or origin), [G.] folk, many people, crowd of folk”

Element in

  • ᴺQ. lita- “to multiply”
Primitive elvish [VT48/25] Group: Eldamo. Published by