Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Primitive Elvish


root. *bloom, flower

A root given in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s as ŋwedh- serving as the basis for derivatives like G. gwethra- “bloom, flourish” and G. Gwithil “flowers” (GL/46). Its main Early Qenya derivative was ᴱQ. meril “flowers” as in ᴱQ. Meril-i-Turinqi “Queen of Flowers”; the primitive form of this word was given as ŊWERIL in an Early Chart of Names from this period (PE13/99). There are no signs of this root in Tolkien’s later writing.


  • Eq. Meril-i-Turinqi “Queen of Flowers” ✧ PE13/099
  • Eq. meril “flower” ✧ GL/45; LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi
  • G. Gwetha ✧ GL/46
  • G. Gwithil “flowers” ✧ GL/46; LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi
  • G. gwethra- “to bloom, flourish” ✧ GL/46; LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi


  • ŋgu̯eđe ✧ GL/45
  • ŋwedh- ✧ GL/46
  • gwedh- ✧ LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi
  • mer- ✧ LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi
  • ŊWERIL ✧ PE13/099
Early Primitive Elvish [GL/45; GL/46; LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi; PE13/099] Group: Eldamo. Published by