Quenya 

mára

adjective. good, proper, good, proper; [ᴹQ.] useful, fit, good (of things), [ᴱQ.] excellent; mighty, power, doughty

Variations

  • māra ✧ PE17/016; PE17/074; PE17/162
  • marna ✧ PE17/162 (marna)
  • mara ✧ VT49/30

Derivations

  • magrā “good, useful, proper, fit” ✧ PE17/016
    • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ VT47/06
  • MAG “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state, good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state; [ᴹ√] use, handle” ✧ PE17/162; PE17/172
  • manrā “good” ✧ PE17/162
    • MAN “good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil, good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil; [ᴹ√] holy spirit” ✧ PE17/162

Cognates

  • S. maer “good, excellent, fair, good, excellent, fair; [N.] useful, fit, good (of things)” ✧ PE17/172

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
magra > māra[magra] > [maɣra] > [māra]✧ PE17/016
MAGA > mára[magra] > [maɣra] > [māra]✧ PE17/162
manrā > māra[manrā] > [mārā] > [māra]✧ PE17/162
MAG > mára[magra] > [maɣra] > [māra]✧ PE17/172

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
máreplural“good”✧ PE22/166
Quenya [PE17/016; PE17/057; PE17/058; PE17/059; PE17/074; PE17/093; PE17/147; PE17/162; PE17/172; PE22/154; PE22/166; VT42/33; VT49/12; VT49/15; VT49/30] Group: Eldamo. Published by

mára

adjective. good

Quenya [PE 22:154, 166] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

mára

useful, fit, good

mára adj. "useful, fit, good" (of things) (MAG; see MA3; Arct, VT42:34, VT45:30). Nás mara nin "I like it", literally "it is good to me" (VT49:30; read mára for mara?) As the comparative of mára, the unrelated adjective arya "excelling" is used in the sense of "better"; for the superlative *"best", one adds the article: i arya (with genitive to express "the best of…") (PE17:57),

máralë

noun. goodness

Elements

WordGloss
mára“good, proper, good, proper; [ᴹQ.] useful, fit, good (of things), [ᴱQ.] excellent; mighty, power, doughty”
-lë“abstract noun, adverb”

márië

it is good

márië (2) stative verb "it is good" (FS; from mára "good"; however, the stative-verb suffix - is hardly valid in LotR-style Quenya)

márië

goodness

márië (1) "goodness", "good" as noun (abstract formation from the adj. mára). (PE17:58, 89). Genitive máriéno, dative máriena, locative máriessë (PE17:59, occurring in the greeting (hara) máriessë "(stay) in happiness", PE17:162) Allative márienna *"to goodness", used as an interjection "farewell" (archaic namárië, q.v.),

mára ná

it is good

arya

excelling

arya (1) adj. "excelling", used as the comparative form of mára "good", hence "better" (PE17:57). The superlative ("best") is i arya with the article, with genitive to express *"the best of…" Cf. mára.

máriën

noun. goodness

taura

mighty, masterful

taura adj. "mighty, masterful" (TUR, PE17:115), "very mighty, vast, of unmeasured might or size" (VT39:10). Cf. túrëa.

Amarië

good

Amarië fem. name; perhaps derived from mára "good" with prefixing of the stem-vowel and the feminine ending - (Silm)

ala-

good

ala- (3), also al-, a prefix expressing "good" or "well" (PE17:146), as in alaquenta (q.v.) Whether Tolkien imagined this ending to coexist with the negative prefix of the same form (#2 above) is unclear and perhaps dubious.

melehta

adjective. mighty

Quenya adjective for “mighty” derived from the root √MBELEK (PE17/115), apparently from the primitive form mbelektā (with [kt] > [ht]). It seems to be the adjectival form of the noun melehtë “might”. A variant form meletya appears with the 2nd-plural possessive suffix -lya as Meletyalya “your mighty” (WJ/369), likely from the primitive form mbelekya (with [kj] > [tj]). This variant form has a more typical primitive adjective suffix ✶-ya, but is inconsistent with the attested Sindarin cognate S. belaith.

Derivations

  • MBELEK “mighty, powerful, strong; power as force or strength; great, large” ✧ PE17/115
    • BEL “*strong, [ᴹ√] strong” ✧ PE17/115

Cognates

  • S. belaith “mighty” ✧ PE17/115

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
mbelek > melehta[mbelekta] > [melekta] > [melexta]✧ PE17/115

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Meletyalya2nd-sg-polite-poss“your mighty”✧ WJ/369
Quenya [PE17/115; WJ/369] Group: Eldamo. Published by

melehta

mighty

melehta adj. "mighty" (PE17:115), cf. meletya

meletya

mighty

#meletya adj. "mighty", isolated from meletyalda adjective with suffix "your mighty" = "your majesty" (see -lda; meletya = *"mighty"). In full Aran Meletyalda "king your mighty" = "your majesty" (WJ:369). Compare melehta.

meletya

adjective. mighty