Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!



adjective. fresh, lively; keen, sharp

An adjective meaning “fresh, lively” developed from the primitive form ᴹ✶laikwā (Ety/LÁYAK). It is a good example of how [[ilk|[w] vanished after medial velars]] in Ilkorin, as suggested by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Ilkorin/laig). This allowed it to blend with the derivative of ᴹ✶laikā and assume the additional meanings “keen, sharp” (Ety/LAIK).


  • ᴹQ. laiqa “green” ✧ Ety/LÁYAK
  • ᴹQ. laika “keen, sharp, acute” ✧ Ety/LAIK


  • ᴹ✶laikwā “fresh” ✧ Ety/LAIK
    • ᴹ√LAYAK “*fresh, green” ✧ Ety/LAIK; Ety/LÁYAK
  • ᴹ✶laikā “keen, sharp, acute” ✧ Ety/LÁYAK
    • ᴹ√LAIK “keen, sharp, acute” ✧ Ety/LÁYAK

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶laikwa > laig[lajkwā] > [laikwā] > [laikwa] > [laigwa] > [laiga] > [laig]✧ Ety/LAIK
ᴹ✶laika > laig[laikā] > [laika] > [laiga] > [laig]✧ Ety/LÁYAK
Doriathrin [Ety/LAIK; Ety/LÁYAK; EtyAC/LÁYAK] Group: Eldamo. Published by