Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 


noun. orange [fruit]

A word for “an orange” (thus referring to the fruit) in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from the root ᴹ√KUL “golden-red” (Ety/KUL).

Conceptual Development: There was a noun ᴱQ. kulmarin (kulmarind-) “orange” in both the Qenya Lexicon and Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa of the 1910s, a combination of ᴱQ. kulu “gold” and ᴱQ. marin “fruit” (QL/49; PME/49). There was also a noun ᴱQ. {kulumin >>} kulurin glossed “a piece of gold; orange” in the Qenya Lexicon (QL/49) but simply “orange” in Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa (PME/49); the second element might be from ᴱ√RINI “✱circle”.


  • ᴺS. colof “orange [fruit]”


  • ᴹ√KUL “golden-red” ✧ Ety/KUL

Element in

  • Q. culumalda “laburnum, *(lit.) orange-tree”

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√KUL > kuluma[kuluma]✧ Ety/KUL