Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. understand, comprehend


  • ᴹQ. handa “understanding, intelligent” ✧ Ety/KHAN
  • ᴹQ. hande “knowledge, understanding” ✧ Ety/KHAN
  • ᴹQ. hanya- “to understand, know about, be skilled in dealing with” ✧ Ety/KHAN
  • N. hann “intelligent” ✧ Ety/BOR; Ety/KHAN
  • N. henia- “to understand” ✧ Ety/KHAN

Element in

  • ᴺS. gorchanui “complicated, enigmatic, cryptic, hard to understand”
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BOR; Ety/KHAN] Group: Eldamo. Published by


root. brother

Tolkien gave this root in The Etymologies of the 1930s as ᴹ√TOR “brother” with derivatives like ᴹQ. toron and N. tôr of the same meaning (Ety/TOR). Hints of the roots continued use appear in the 1959 term Q. melotorni “love-brothers” for close male friends (NM/20). In notes from the late 1960s, Tolkien gave Q. háno and S. hanar as the words for “brother”, both from the root √KHAN. Nevertheless, I think it is worth retaining ᴹ√TOR to represent more abstract notions of “brotherhood” for the purposes of Neo-Eldarin, for “metaphorical” brothers as opposed to Q. háno/S. hanar for brothers by blood.


  • ᴺQ. otornië “company, association, alliance”
  • ᴹQ. toron “brother” ✧ Ety/THEL; Ety/TOR
  • On. toron “brother” ✧ Ety/TOR
    • N. tôr “brother” ✧ Ety/TOR; Ety/TOR

Element in

  • Q. melotorno “love-brother”
  • ᴹQ. otorno “sworn brother, associate [m.]” ✧ Ety/WŌ
  • On. wator “brother” ✧ Ety/TOR


  • tor ✧ Ety/THEL
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/THEL; Ety/TOR; Ety/WŌ] Group: Eldamo. Published by