Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Qenya 

istya

noun. knowledge

Variations

  • ista ✧ Ety/IS

Derivations

  • ᴹ√IS “*know” ✧ Ety/IS

Cognates

  • N. ist “lore, knowledge, lore, knowledge; [G.] feeling, sensation; notion” ✧ Ety/IS

Element in

  • ᴹQ. anaristya “[unglossed]”
  • ᴹQ. Istimor “The Wise” ✧ Ety/IS
  • ᴺQ. istyalóra “ignorant”
  • ᴹQ. istyar “scholar, learned man, lore-master, wizard” ✧ Ety/IS

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√IS > ista[ista]✧ Ety/IS
ᴹ√IS > istya[istja]✧ Ety/IS

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
istı̯ǝstem“knowledge”✧ PE21/12
†istenominative-✧ PE21/13
istinnominative-✧ PE21/13
isteaccusative-✧ PE21/13
†istyaaccusative-✧ PE21/13
istirdative-✧ PE21/13
†istyendative-✧ PE21/13
istyogenitive-✧ PE21/13
†[miu]innominative-✧ PE21/13
istiliplural-✧ PE21/13; PE21/13
istíneninstrumental plural-✧ PE21/13
Qenya [Ety/IS; PE21/12; PE21/13; PE22/020] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ista

noun. knowledge

ista-

verb. to know

Variations

  • ista ✧ PE22/104; PE22/107; PE22/115
  • ist(ă) ✧ PE22/114

Derivations

  • ᴹ✶ista- “to know”
    • ᴹ√IS “*know”
  • ᴹ√IS “*know” ✧ Ety/IS

Cognates

  • N. ista- “to have knowledge, to have knowledge, [G.] know, be aware, perceive, feel” ✧ Ety/IS

Element in

  • ᴹQ. istalima “knowable, ascertainable”
  • ᴹQ. istare “knowledge”
  • ᴹQ. istima “having knowledge, wise, learned” ✧ Ety/IS

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√IS > ista-[ista-]✧ Ety/IS

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
sintepast-✧ Ety/IS; PE22/115
istuvafuture“shall know”✧ PE22/104; PE22/115
istanwaperfective-participle“known, acknowledged, certain”✧ PE22/106
-isteaactive-participle“knowing”✧ PE22/106
istānapassive-participle“known”✧ PE22/107
†izilyaimperfect-participle“knowing”✧ PE22/107 (strong)
istalyaimperfect-participle-✧ PE22/107; PE22/115
istainaimperfect-passive-participle-✧ PE22/108
istanelyaperfect-participle“have known”✧ PE22/108
-istantaimperfect-passive-participle-✧ PE22/108; PE22/115
istuvainafuture-passive-participle-✧ PE22/109
-istuvantafuture-passive-participle-✧ PE22/109
isteaactive-participle“knowing”✧ PE22/111; PE22/114
istanwaperfective-participle“known, generally recognized”✧ PE22/112; PE22/114
istaaorist-✧ PE22/114
istiegerund-✧ PE22/114
istinapassive-participle-✧ PE22/114
-istanapassive-participle-✧ PE22/114
sintelyaperfect-participle“having known”✧ PE22/115
sintielyaperfect-participle“having known”✧ PE22/115
sintienwaperfect-passive-participle“having been known”✧ PE22/115
sintévafuture-perfect“shall have known”✧ PE22/115
sint(i)elyanepluperfect“had known”✧ PE22/115
-istainaimperfect-passive-participle-✧ PE22/115
Qenya [Ety/IS; PE22/104; PE22/106; PE22/107; PE22/108; PE22/109; PE22/111; PE22/112; PE22/114; PE22/115] Group: Eldamo. Published by

istare

noun. knowledge

Elements

WordGloss
ista-“to know”
-(á)re“general action verbal suffix”