Noldorin 

gwatha-

verb. to soil, stain

Noldorin [Ety/397] Group: SINDICT. Published by

hmaw

noun. soil, stain

Noldorin [Ety/386, VT/46:14] Group: SINDICT. Published by

maw

noun. soil, stain

Noldorin [Ety/386, VT/46:14] Group: SINDICT. Published by

cef

noun. soil

Noldorin [Ety/363] Group: SINDICT. Published by

cef

noun. soil

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “soil” derived from the root ᴹ√KEM “soil, earth” (Ety/KEM). It had a rather unusual plural form ceif which shows i-intrusion but not the usual i-raising of e to i; under ordinary phonetic developments the expected plural would be ✱cif. I can think of no good reason for this abnormal plural, but it would be ^caif if adapted to Sindarin. It is mostly moot since this word is very unlikely to be used in the plural.

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KEM “soil, earth” ✧ Ety/KEM

Element in

Phonetic Developments

DevelopmentStagesSources
ᴹ√KEM > cef[keme] > [kem] > [kev]✧ Ety/KEM
ᴹ√KEM > ceif[kemi] > [keim] > [keiv]✧ Ety/KEM