Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. fear

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “fear” (Ety/GÁYAS). One of its derivatives, N. gaer “dreadful” (< ᴹ✶gaisrā), was given a new etymology in the Quendi and Eldar essay of 1959-60, where S. gaer “awful, fearful” was derived from ✶gairā (WJ/400). However, it is conceivable that √GAYAS could have survived as an extension of the later root √GAY “astound, make aghast”.


  • ᴹ✶gaisrā “dreadful” ✧ Ety/GÁYAS
    • On. gērrha “dreadful” ✧ Ety/GÁYAS
    • N. gaer “dreadful” ✧ Ety/GÁYAS
  • ᴹ✶gais- “to dread” ✧ Ety/GÁYAS
    • ᴹQ. aista- “to dread” ✧ Ety/GÁYAS
  • On. gaia “dread” ✧ Ety/GÁYAS
    • N. gae “dread” ✧ Ety/GÁYAS


  • GAISA ✧ PE18/039
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GÁYAS; PE18/039] Group: Eldamo. Published by