Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish

gay

root. red, copper-coloured, ruddy

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “red, copper-coloured, ruddy” with the derived adjectives ᴹQ. aira and N. goer of similar meaning (Ety/GAWA). It replaced a (deleted) root ᴹ√GAIRĀ (EtyAC/GAIRĀ). Its most notable derivative is the name N. Taragaer “Ruddyhorn” (Ety/TARÁK), which was the precursor in Lord of the Rings drafts of 1940s to the name of S. Caradhras “Redhorn” (RS/419). Given the eventual replacement of this name in the final version of The Lord of the Rings Tolkien likely abandoned this root, especially given its conflict with the later root √GAY(AR) “awe, dread” that was the basis for words for “sea”.

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. aira “red, copper-coloured, ruddy” ✧ Ety/GAY
  • N. goer “red, copper-coloured, ruddy” ✧ Ety/GAY; EtyAC/GAIRĀ

Element in

  • N. Taragaer “Ruddyhorn” ✧ Ety/TARÁK

Variations

  • GAIRĀ ✧ EtyAC/GAIRĀ (GAIRĀ)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GAY; Ety/TARÁK; EtyAC/GAIRĀ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

phaw

root. gape

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. fauka “thirsty, parched, (lit.) open-mouthed” ✧ Ety/PHAU
  • ᴺS. faus(t) “thirst”
  • ᴺS. faul “thirst”
  • On. phauka “thirsty” ✧ Ety/PHAU
    • N. faug “thirsty” ✧ Ety/PHAU

Element in

  • N. Fauglith “Thirsty Sand” ✧ Ety/LIT

Variations

  • PHAU ✧ Ety/LIT; EtyAC/PHAU
  • PHAU̯ ✧ Ety/PHAU
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/LIT; Ety/PHAU; EtyAC/PHAU] Group: Eldamo. Published by

karan

root. red

This root appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “red” (Ety/KARÁN), a later iteration of ᴱ√KṚN of the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s of the same meaning, but with syllabic (QL/48). Its main Quenya derivatives, Q. carnë, retained the same form throughout Tolkien’s life, but its Gnomish forms G. carn(in) “scarlet” and G. crintha “rosy, pink” (GL/25, 27) became N. caran “red” in the 1930s, and retained that form thereafter.

Derivatives

  • ᴹ✶karani “red” ✧ Ety/KARÁN
    • ᴹQ. karne “red” ✧ Ety/KARÁN; EtyAC/KARÁN
    • N. caran “red” ✧ Ety/KARÁN; EtyAC/KARÁN
  • ᴹ✶k’rannā “ruddy (of face)” ✧ Ety/KARÁN
    • N. crann “ruddy (of face); face, blush, the cheeks” ✧ Ety/KARÁN; EtyAC/KARÁN
  • ᴹQ. karanya- “to make red, redden”

Element in

Variations

  • KARÁN ✧ Ety/KARÁN; Ety/RAS; Ety/THĒ
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KARÁN; Ety/RAS; Ety/THĒ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

kuldā

adjective. red

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KUL “golden-red” ✧ Ety/GUL; Ety/KUL

Derivatives

  • N. coll “red, scarlet” ✧ Ety/GUL; Ety/KUL

Variations

  • guldā ✧ Ety/GUL (guldā)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/GUL; Ety/KUL] Group: Eldamo. Published by

karani

adjective. red

Changes

  • kárānikarani ✧ Ety/KARÁN

Derivations

  • ᴹ√KARAN “red” ✧ Ety/KARÁN

Derivatives

  • ᴹQ. karne “red” ✧ Ety/KARÁN; EtyAC/KARÁN
  • N. caran “red” ✧ Ety/KARÁN; EtyAC/KARÁN

Variations

  • kárāni ✧ EtyAC/KARÁN (kárāni)
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KARÁN; EtyAC/KARÁN] Group: Eldamo. Published by