A Doriathrin noun for “tree” derived from the root ᴹ√GÁLAD (Ety/GALAD), probably from a primitive form ✱✶galadā with the second a lost due to the Ilkorin Syncope. Note that the first element [[ilk|[gal-] did not reduce to [gl-]]] because the initial syllable was stressed in the primitive word.
- ᴹQ. alda “tree” ✧ Ety/GALAD
- Ilk. galbreth “beech” ✧ Ety/GALAD
Development Stages Sources ᴹ√GÁLAD > gald [galadā] > [galada] > [galda] > [gald] ✧ Ety/GALAD
A Doriathrin noun for “tree” derived from the root ᴹ√ÓR-NI or ᴹ√ÓRON (Ety/ÓR-NI, EtyAC/NEL). According Tolkien, it was “in Doriath used especially of beech, but as a suffix [it was] used of any tree of any size” (Ety/ÓR-NI). The root ᴹ√ÓR-NI in The Etymologies suggests a primitive form of ᴹ✶ornĭ, but elsewhere Tolkien indicated the primitive form was ᴹ✶ornē (e.g. on SD/302). Both primitive forms would have produced Ilk. orn, as noted by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Doriathrin/orn).
- ᴹQ. orne “(high isolated) tree” ✧ Ety/ÓR-NI
Development Stages Sources ᴹ√ÓRON > orn [ornē] > [orne] > [orn] ✧ Ety/NEL ᴹ✶ÓR-NI > orn [orni] > [orne] > [orn] ✧ Ety/ÓR-NI