Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Primitive Elvish


root. sleep

A root from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “sleep” with Quenya derivatives beginning with f- such as ᴱQ. fum- “sleep” (QL/38). This root was first given as (deleted) ᴱ√HUMU, as reflected in words appearing in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon such as G. hum- “sleep, drowze” (GL/49). In the Early Qenya Grammar of the 1920s, Tolkien gave the (unglossed) Qenya verb hum-, which might be a reversion to ᴱ√HUMU. However, in later writings Tolkien generally attributed the meaning “sleep” to the root √LOR and its variants, so ᴱ√HUMU/ᴱ√FUMU was probably abandoned.


  • HUMUFUMU ✧ QL/039


  • Eq. fum- “to sleep” ✧ QL/039
  • Eq. fúme “(deep) sleep” ✧ LT1A/fumellar; QL/039
  • G. hum- “to sleep, drowze”
  • G. hûm “sleep, slumber”


  • HUMU ✧ QL/039 (HUMU)
Early Primitive Elvish [LT1A/fumellar; QL/039] Group: Eldamo. Published by