## Primitive elvish

## enek

root. six

## Derivatives

## Element in

- ✶yūnekē “twelve, 2 sixes” ✧ VT47/41; VT48/08; VT48/09; VT48/10
## Variations

enk-✧ PE17/095enek✧ VT41/16 (); VT47/12; VT47/15; VT47/16; VT47/16; VT47/41; VT48/09; VT48/10~~enek~~en-ek(w)✧ VT42/24eneke/enke✧ VT48/07eneke✧ VT48/08enekē̆✧ VT48/08enekwe✧ VT48/10nekew✧ VT48/10

The root and words for “six” remained very similar throughout Tolkien’s life. The earliest form of this root was ᴱ√

ENE“six” from theQenya Lexiconof the 1910s, with the derivative ᴱQ.ende“six” (QL/35). In theEarly Qenya Grammarof the 1920s, the Qenya word for “six” became ᴱQ.enqe[enkwe] with variantenekse(PE14/49, 82), implying a primitive base ✱enek-. This primitive form was made explicit inThe Etymologiesof the 1930s, where the root was given as ᴹ√ENEK“six” with derivatives ᴹQ.enqeand N.eneg(Ety/ÉNEK). The root and its derivatives retained this form thereafter.Tolkien spent a fair amount of time analyzing the origin of this root and the basis for the Q. addition of

win various notes on Elvish numbering systems written in 1968 (VT41, VT42, VT47, VT48). One connection Tolkien regularly made was between √ENEK“six” and √ENED“middle”, as “six” was the “middle” of the duodecimal system of numbering (VT41/16; VT48/9); in this respect it was probably an elaboration of the root √NEK“divide, separate, part” by analogy with √ENED(VT47/16; VT48/9). The Quenya-wemay have been either a dual suffix based on “six” as twice three (VT48/10) or it might have been by analogy with other important duodecimal numbers like Q.minquë“eleven” and Q.yunquë“twelve” (48/7). Personally I find the second theory more compelling.