Quenya 

eären

noun. ocean
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ëaren

eagle

ëaren noun "eagle" or "eyrie" (LT1:251; this early "Qenya" word is evidently no more valid than ëa "eagle" in LotR-style Quenya.)

airen

noun. sea
Quenya [PE 22:23n] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

eäron

noun. ocean, great sea
Quenya [PE17/027; PM/363] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ëaron

ocean

ëaron noun "ocean" (PE17:27), also airon. Cf. ëar.

ëar

noun. sea, great sea, *️[ᴹQ.] open sea, *water
Quenya [Let/386; LotR/0967; MC/222; PE17/027; PE17/103; PM/363; PMI/Eär; RGEO/65; SA/ëar; WJ/400; WJ/413] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ëar

sea

ëar noun "sea" (AYAR/AIR [gives also dat. sg. ëaren],WJ:413; see Letters:386 for etymology). Not to be confused with the pl. form of the verb ëa "be, exist". Pl. ëari "seas" (FS, LR:47); Eär "the Great Sea" (cf. ëaron "ocean"), ablative Eärello "from the Great Sea", et Eärello "out of the Great Sea" (EO). Eärë noun "the open sea" (SD:305). Compound ëaruilë noun "seaweed" (UY). Found in proper names like Eärendil "Sea-friend", Eärendur masc. name, *"Sea-servant"; in effect a variant of Eärendil(Appendix A). Eärendur was also used ="(professional) mariner" (Letters:386).Fem. name Eärwen "Sea-maiden" (Silm); Eärrámë "Sea-wing", "Wings of the Sea", name of Tuor's ship (RAM, AYAR/AIR, SA)

airë

sea

airë (2) noun "sea" (the form airen is given, intended as a genitive singular when Tolkien wrote this; in LotR-style Quenya it would rather be a dative sg.) (AYAR/AIR; cf. airon)

airë²

noun. sea
Quenya [PE17/027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Soronto

eagle

Soronto (þ?), masc. name, seems to incorporate soron "eagle"; the ending -to is rare (occurs in suhto, q.v.), here apparently used to derive a masculine name.

Soronúmë

eagle

Soronúmë (prob. þ) (name of a constellation, apparently incorporating soron "eagle") (SA:thoron)

airon

ocean

airon noun "ocean" (PE17:27). Also ëaron, q.v.

airon

noun. ocean
Quenya [PE17/027; PE17/149] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sor

eagle

sor, sornë noun "eagle" (LT1:266); rather soron in LotR-style Quenya

sornion

eyrie

sornion noun "eyrie" (LT1:266)

sorno

noun. eagle
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

sorno

eagle

sorno (þ) noun "eagle" (archaic thorno) _(Letters:427). Also soron. Early "Qenya" has sor, sornë (LT1:266)_

sornë

noun. eagle
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

soron

noun. eagle
Quenya [Let/427; PE22/159; SA/thoron] Group: Eldamo. Published by

soron

eagle

soron (or sornë) (þ) noun "eagle", before an ending sorn- as in pl. sorni, "gen.sg....sornen"; in LotR-style Quenya this would be the dative singular instead (THOR/THORON). SD:290 has the pl.soroni "eagles", changed to sorni as in the Etymologies. Early "Qenya" has the forms sor, sornë (LT1:266)

váya

noun. ocean, sea, *[stormy] sea
Quenya [PE17/033; PE17/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

waya

noun. ocean
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

ëa

eagle

ëa (3) "eagle" (LT1:251, LT2:338), a "Qenya" word apparently superseded by soron, sornë in Tolkien's later forms of Quenya.

váya

sea

váya noun "sea" (considered as "waters, motion"). The wording of the source indicates that Tolkien only tentatively considered such a word (PE17:33)

vëa

sea

vëa (3) noun "sea" (MC:213, 214, 216; possibly obsoleted by #1 and #2 above, though some argue that the initial element of the late names Vëantur and Vëandur [q.v.] could be vëa #3 rather than #2 (it can hardly be #1) . In any case, the normal word for "sea" in LotR-style Quenya seems to be ëar.) Inflected vëan "sea" (MC:220), vëar "in sea" (a "Qenya" locative in -r, MC:213), vëassë "on sea" (MC:220). Cf. also vëaciryo.

* sornion

noun. eyrie
Quenya Group: Neologism. Published by

Sindarin 

aearon

ocean

_n. _ocean. Augmentative form of _aear _Sea. Q. earon, airon. nef aear, sí nef aearon lit. 'beyond the Sea, here beyond the Great Sea'. >> aear

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:27] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

aearon

noun. great sea, ocean

Tolkien changed this word several times, see gaearon

Sindarin Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

aear

noun. sea
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

aear

Sea

_n. _Sea, especially the Great (Western) Sea. Q. ear. nef aear, sí nef aearon lit. 'beyond the Sea, here beyond the Great Sea'. >> gaear, gaer

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:27] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

aear

noun. sea

Tolkien changed this word several times, see gaear

Sindarin Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaearon

ocean

_n. _ocean. Augmentative form of _gaear _Sea. Q. earon, airon. >> gaear

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:27] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gaearon

noun. great sea, ocean
Sindarin [PM/363, PM/348, RGEO/72-73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaearon

noun. ocean, (lit.) great sea
Sindarin [LotR/0238; PE17/027; PE17/149; PM/348; PM/363; RGEO/63; RGEO/64; RGEO/65] Group: Eldamo. Published by

belegaer

noun. ocean

_ n. _ocean.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:149] < ? + GAYA Sea. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gaear

Sea

_n. _Sea, especially the Great (Western) Sea. Shorter form gaer. Q. ear. >> aear, gaer

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:27] < GAY(AR). Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gaear

noun. sea

This word is variously attested as gaear, gaer and aear in later writings. The presence or absence of the initial g- depends on whether its root is √AY(AR) (as it appears in The Etymologies and some later writings) or √GAY(AR) (as it appears in other later writings). The appearance of aear can be generally be explained as the lenited form of gaear, and so gaear should probably be preferred.

Similarly, the form gaer appears primarily as an element in compounds, and can be explained as a reduced form of gaear in that context. For these reasons, this entry uses gaear as the ordinary Sindarin word for “sea”. This has the additional advantage of disambuiguating it from the adjective gaer “dreadful”. @@@

Sindarin [Let/386; LotR/0238; PE17/027; PE17/149; PM/363; RGEO/63; RGEO/64; RGEO/65; SA/ëar; SA/gaer; WJ/400] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gaear

noun. sea
Sindarin [Ety/349, PM/363, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaer

ocean

_ n. _ocean.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:149] < GAYA Sea. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gaeron

noun. ocean

_ n. _ocean.

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:149] < GAYA Sea. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

thorn²

noun. eagle
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

thoron

noun. eagle

The Sindarin word for “eagle”, derived from ✶thorono (Let/427).

Possible Etymology: The form of this word is difficult to explain. Since final nasals vanished after vowels, in the ordinary phonetic development of Sindarin it should have become thôr, a form that did appear as variant in the Etymologies (Ety/THOR, KIRIS). David Salo suggested that it could be a back-formation from its plural *theryn (GS/291), perhaps also influenced by ancient names where it still appeared, such as Thorondor “King of Eagles”. Tolkien himself suggested that the (Noldorin) word was a back-formation from the archaic genitive ON. thoronen (Ety/THOR), but this genitive did not survive in (Old) Sindarin.

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s it appeared as G. thorn (GL/73), the usual form in names of this period. In Early Noldorin notes from the 1920s it also appeared as ᴱN. thorn (PE13/154), but in The Etymologies from the 1930s it appeared as N. thoron beside the variant thôr noted above (Ety/THOR, KIRIS). The names of this period also began to reflect this change, and names after the 1940s consistently show thoron, though the form þorn did appear at least once in later notes (PE22/159).

Sindarin [Let/427; PE22/159; SA/thoron] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thoron

noun. eagle
Sindarin [Ety/392, S/438, X/Z] Back-formed from the plural, see thôr. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thôr

noun. eagle
Sindarin [Belecthor S/322,365, LotR/A(ii), Ety/392] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaeron

noun. great sea, ocean
Sindarin [PM/363, PM/348, RGEO/72-73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thoronath

noun. eagles
Sindarin [S/387, S/438] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

aer

noun. sea

Tolkien changed this word several times, see aear , gaear

Sindarin Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaer

Sea

_n._Sea, especially the Great (Western) Sea. Shorter form of gaear.Q. aire (obsolete). >> aear, gaear

Sindarin [(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:27] < _gaı_9_ră _< GAY(AR). Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

gaer

noun. sea
Sindarin [Ety/349, S/431, PM/363] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

gaer²

noun. sea
Sindarin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* aear

sea

aear (ocean); pl. aeair. The shorter form aer (for N oer) is maybe best avoided since it can be confused with aer "holy", unless the latter is actually a lenited form of gaer. Forms with g-, representing an alternative concept of the word for ”sea”: gaear (i **aear) (ocean), pl. gaeair (i ngaeair = i ñaeair) (PM:363), also gaer (i **aer, no distinct pl. form except with article: i ngaer = i ñaer), but homophones of the latter mean "reddish, copper-coloured, ruddy" and also "dreadful, awful, fearful; holy".

* aear

ocean

aear (sea), pl. aeair.

* gaear

ocean

gaear (i **aear) (sea), pl. gaeair (i ngaeair** = i ñaeair).

* thoron

eagle

thoron, pl. theryn, coll. pl. thoronath. The sg. may also appear as thôr (with stem thoron-); thôr is also an adjective ”swooping, leaping down”. In ”Noldorin”, the pl. was therein (LR:392 s.v. THOR).

Adûnaic

azra

noun. sea, seas

The Adûnaic word for “sea” (SD/429), appearing as azar in some early texts (SD/305). It is fully declined on SD/431.

Adûnaic [PM/373; SD/247; SD/305; SD/311; SD/429; SD/431; SD/435] Group: Eldamo. Published by

pharaz²

noun. sea

A draft word for “sea”, deleted and replaced with azar (SD/305), which later become azra. This word reappeared later with a different meaning: pharaz “gold”.

Adûnaic [SD/305] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* narak

noun. eagle

A noun attested only in the plural subjective form Narīka “eagles” (SD/251). This formation is peculiar, because it seems to be a neuter subjective form, but the names of animals are generally common-nouns, as pointed out by Andreas Moehn (EotAL/NAR’K). If it were declined as a common noun, the subjective plural should be *narkim: compare Nimir “Elf” whose subjective plural form is nimrim (SD/436). Perhaps when Narīka was written, Tolkien had not finished working out the Adûnaic gender and case system.

Adûnaic [SD/251] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

oear

noun. sea
Noldorin [Ety/349, PM/363, RGEO/73] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

oear

noun. sea
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

thoron

noun. eagle
Noldorin [Ety/KIRIS; Ety/THOR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thoron

noun. eagle
Noldorin [Ety/392, S/438, X/Z] Back-formed from the plural, see thôr. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thôr

noun. eagle
Noldorin [Belecthor S/322,365, LotR/A(ii), Ety/392] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thôr²

noun. eagle
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

oer

noun. sea
Noldorin [Ety/AY; Ety/UY; TI/307] Group: Eldamo. Published by

oer

noun. sea
Noldorin [Ety/349, S/431, PM/363] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

* aer

noun. sea
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

airō

noun. ocean
Primitive elvish [PE17/149; PE18/097] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thorono

noun. eagle
Primitive elvish [Let/427] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ayar

root. sea
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

gayār

noun. sea, the terrifier
Primitive elvish [PE17/027; PE21/71; PM/363; WJ/400] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vaia

noun. sea
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

earen

noun. eyrie, (young) eagle
Qenya [GL/51; LT1A/Eärendel; PE12/025; PE15/22; PME/035; QL/034] Group: Eldamo. Published by

eare

noun. (open) sea
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

airen

noun. sea
Qenya [Ety/AY; PE22/023] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ear

noun. (open) sea, water
Qenya [Ety/AY; LR/047; LR/056; LR/072; RC/671; SD/056; SD/241; SD/247; SD/305; SD/310; SM/241; SMI/Eär] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aire

noun. sea

@@@ Helge Fauskanger suggested that airen is genitive form (QQ/airë), but on PE22/23 (note #70), aire >> airen, suggesting it is an alternate (augmentative?) form, perhaps similar to later airon

Qenya [Ety/AY; PE22/023] Group: Eldamo. Published by

aire(n)

noun. sea

@@@ Helge Fauskanger suggested that airen is genitive form (QQ/airë), but on PE22/23 (note #70), aire >> airen, suggesting it is an alternate (augmentative?) form, perhaps similar to later airon
Variations of the word: airen.

Element in: MQ. Alataire

Qenya [Ety/AY.037; PE22/023.2007; Ety/AY.038; PE22/023.2302] Group: Eldamo. Published by

laivar

noun. ocean
Qenya [PE16/077] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sor(ne)

noun. eagle
Qenya [LT1A/Sorontur; PME/086; QL/086] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sorne

noun. eagle
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

sornion

noun. eyrie
Qenya [LT1A/Sorontur; PME/086; QL/086] Group: Eldamo. Published by

soron

noun. eagle
Qenya [Ety/THOR; PE21/33; PE21/34; SD/290] Group: Eldamo. Published by

soron¹

noun. eagle
Qenya [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vea²

noun. sea
Qenya [PE21/08; PE21/17] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

thorn

noun. eagle

A noun for “eagle” derived from the root ᴹ√THÓRON (Ety/THOR). Its cognates ᴹQ. soron and N. thoron suggest a primitive form thoronē, where the middle [o] was lost due to the Ilkorin syncope. Its plural form is not thurin as printed in The Lost Road, but is actually thurnin* matching its singular (EtyAC/THOR), as predicted by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Ilkorin/thorn).

Doriathrin [Ety/THOR; EtyAC/THOR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin 

thoron

noun. eagle
Old Noldorin [Ety/THOR] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

ay(ar)

root. sea
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/ÁLAT; Ety/AY; Ety/BEL; Ety/LIN¹; Ety/RAM; Ety/UY; EtyAC/AY] Group: Eldamo. Published by

vaia

noun. sea
Middle Primitive Elvish [PE21/17] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

ior

noun. eagle
Gnomish [GL/51; LT1A/Eärendel] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ioroth

noun. eagle
Gnomish [GL/51; LT1A/Eärendel] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thorn

noun. eagle
Gnomish [GL/73; LT1A/Sorontur] Group: Eldamo. Published by

saroth

noun. sea
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

thorn

noun. eagle
Early Noldorin [PE13/154] Group: Eldamo. Published by

gwai

noun. sea
Early Noldorin [PE13/146] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

* þoro

root. eagle
Early Primitive Elvish [LT1A/Sorontur; QL/086] Group: Eldamo. Published by