Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Early Primitive Elvish


root. sit

A root in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “sit” with derivatives mean “sit” or “seat” (QL/85-86). In the Qenya Lexicon Tolkien gave the root as SORO with ÐORO in parenthesis, but Gnomish cognates like G. dorn “seat” and dortha- “to settle” (GL/30) make it clear ÐORO was the true form of the root. There were a variety of different roots for “sit” in later writings such ᴹ√KHAM or √KHAD.


  • SOŘOSORO ✧ QL/085


  • ᴱ✶sōđā “house”
  • Eq. sóra “seat” ✧ QL/085; QL/086
  • Eq. sonda “seat, chair” ✧ QL/086; QL/086
  • Eq. sorta- “to sit down” ✧ QL/086; QL/085
  • Eq. soro- “to sit” ✧ QL/085; QL/086
  • Eq. sorto- “to set, settle” ✧ QL/085; QL/086; QL/086
  • Eq. sorin “throne” ✧ QL/085
  • G. annor(in) “lofty”
  • G. dorn “seat”

Element in


  • SORO ✧ QL/085
  • SOŘO ✧ QL/086 (SOŘO); QL/086 (SOŘO)
  • SODO ✧ QL/086 (SODO)
  • soro ✧ QL/086
Early Primitive Elvish [QL/085; QL/086] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ʒono Reconstructed

root. hard


  • ᴱ√NOHO “extended” ✧ QL/066; QL/067
    • ᴱ✶nold
    • G. nôl “head” ✧ GL/61
    • Eq. nohto- “to stick out” ✧ QL/067
    • Eq. nóla “summit, head, top (only used of mountains etc.); (round) hill; crown of head” ✧ QL/067
    • G. nog “hill, knob, prominence”
    • G. nogra- “to excell, exceed”
  • Eq. omba “hard (*as stone)” ✧ QL/070
  • Eq. ondo “stone, rock” ✧ LT1A/Gondolin; QL/070
  • Eq. hon “stone, rock”
  • Eq. on(d) “(a) stone” ✧ QL/070
  • Eq. onwa “stony” ✧ QL/070
  • Eq. onin “anvil” ✧ QL/070
  • En. gonn “stone, rock”
  • G. gonn “(great) stone, rock”
  • G. gontha “pillar, stele, memorial”


  • ONO ✧ LT1A/Gondolin; QL/067
  • ONO¹ ✧ QL/066; QL/070
Early Primitive Elvish [LT1A/Gondolin; QL/066; QL/067; QL/070] Group: Eldamo. Published by