Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Middle Primitive Elvish


root. *heat

A Noldorin-only root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with derivatives having to do with heat such as N. brass “white heat” and N. bara “fiery, eager” (Ety/BARAS). The second of these was an element in the name N. Barahir, a name which continued to appear (albeit untranslated) in later versions of the Legendarium (S/148).

Tolkien introduced a new root √BARAS in the late 1950s associated with “height” and other roots like √BARAD and √BARAT; the derivatives of this new root had to do with cliffs. It is possible the new √BARAS invalidated the old one, but none of its derived words appeared in the narratives, so it could also have been a transient idea. It’s hard to say for certain since S. Barahir was not translated in later writings.


  • ᴹ✶barasā “hot, burning” ✧ Ety/BARAS
    • On. baraha “hot, burning” ✧ Ety/BARAS
    • N. bara “fiery, eager” ✧ Ety/BARAS
  • ᴹ✶b’rássē “heat” ✧ Ety/BARAS
    • On. brasse “white heat” ✧ Ety/BARAS
    • N. brass “white heat, *extreme heat” ✧ Ety/BARAS

Element in


  • BARÁS ✧ Ety/KHER
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/BARAS; Ety/KHER] Group: Eldamo. Published by