Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!



noun. elm-tree

A noun for “elm-tree” derived from the root ᴹ√(L)ALAM (Ety/ÁLAM). It does not seem to be a direct cognate with either ᴹQ. alalme or N. lalf. Helge Fauskanger suggested it might be derived from a primitive form ✱✶almā (AL-Nandorin/alm), but I think it may instead be derived from ✱✶alamā.

My rationale is that this word did not go through the [[dan|vowel-breaking before a cluster starting with liquid [l] or [r]]] seen in other words like ealc. This can be explained if, at the time of vowel-breaking, this word had the form alamā̆, and thus had no applicable cluster of consonants. The middle [a] would then be lost later through the Danian syncope.


  • ᴹQ. alalme “elm-tree” ✧ Ety/ÁLAM


  • ᴹ√(L)ALAM “elm-tree” ✧ Ety/ÁLAM

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√ÁLAM > alm[alamā] > [almā] > [alm]✧ Ety/ÁLAM
Ossriandric [Ety/ÁLAM] Group: Eldamo. Published by