Quenya 

Rána

the wayward, the wanderer

Rána place-name "the Wayward, the Wanderer", a name of the moon (MR:198, MC:221, Silm); genitive Ráno in the phrase Ráno tië "the path of the Moon" (VT47:11). See also ceuran-, ránasta. According to one late source, Rána is not properly the Moon itself but is rather the "name of the spirit (Máya) that was said to abide in the Moon as its guardian" (VT42:13). The Etymologies gives Rana with a short vowel (RAN). In the pre-classical Tengwar system there presupposed, Rana was also the name of tengwa #25 (VT45:10), which letter Tolkien would later call Rómen instead.

rána

noun. Moon, (lit.) Wayward, Wanderer, Wayward

Another name of the Moon (usually Q. Isil), translated as “Wayward” (S/99). This name is a derivative of the root √RAN “wander” (UT/242).

Conceptual Development: The name ᴱQ. Rána appears as a name of the moon in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/192), though at this early stage its precise meaning and etymology were unclear. In Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, ᴹQ. Rana appeared with a short a, with the translation “Wayward” (LR/240). The name also appeared with a short a in The Etymologies as a derivative of √RAN from primitive ᴹ✶Ranā (Ety/RAN). The long á was restored in Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s (MR/130).

In some later notes, Tolkien said that Rána was the name of the spirit of the Moon rather than the Moon itself (VT42/13). Elsewhere this spirit was named Tirion, so this was probably a transient idea. In the indexes of The Silmarillion and The Unfinished Tales, Christopher Tolkien translated Rána as “Wanderer”, but the source of that translation is unclear.

Quenya [MR/130.3601; MR/198.0503; MR/376.3304; MRI/Rána.001; MRI/Rána.003; S/099.3111; SA/ran.005; SI/Rána.001; UT/242.3609; UTI/Rána.001; VT42/13.2202; VT47/11.3208] Group: Eldamo. Published by

réna

noun. edge, border, margin
Quenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

vare

verb. err, stray
Quenya [PE 22:102] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

isil

noun. Moon, Moon, (lit.) Sheen, Sheen
Quenya [Let/425.3810; LotR/1114.3501; MR/130.3302; MRI/Isil.001; PE17/039.3610; PE17/121.0302; SA/sil.018; SI/Isil.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin 

ithil

noun. Moon
Sindarin [LB/354.2802; LBI/Ithil.001; Let/425.4207; LotR/1114.3503; LotRI/Moon.002; MRI/Ithil.001; PE17/030.1802; PE17/039.3606; PE17/039.4005; PE17/121.0702; SA/sil.020; WJI/Ithil.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* raun

noun. Moon
Sindarin [VT48/07.1507-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

nîlu

noun. moon

A noun translated as “moon” and fully declined as an example of a Strong II noun (SD/431). It appears with both a short and long final -u, but Tolkien indicated that the form with long û is actually the personified form Nîlû “Man in the Moon” (SD/426), perhaps the Adûnaic name of Tilion. Tolkien also listed the “later forms Nil, Njūl” (SD/306), one of which may be the Westron word for “moon”, most likely Wes. nil. Andreas Moehn suggested (EotAL/NUL) that this noun may be related to nûlo/nûlu/nâlu, but given the evil connotations of these words (SD/306) and the different stem vowels, this seems unlikely to me.

Adûnaic [SD/241.2810; SD/306.0912; SD/426.1303; SD/428.24022; SD/428.2404; SD/431.0406; SD/431.0604; SD/431.0704; SD/431.0807; SD/431.0808; SD/431.0905; SD/431.0906; SD/431.1005; SD/431.1104; SDI2/Nîlû.004; SDI2/Nîlû.005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 

rhân

noun. Moon
Noldorin [Ety/KUƷ.011-2; Ety/RAN.009; Ety/THIL.013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ithil

noun. Moon
Noldorin [Ety/I².016; Ety/SIL.019; Ety/THIL.007; LR/041.3607; LRI/Ithil.001; SD/303.0103; SD/306.1109; WRI/Ithil.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Westron

nil

noun. moon

A word listed as a later form of Ad. nîlu “moon” (SD/306) and therefore perhaps a Westron word, as suggested by Andreas Moehn (EotAL/NUL). The other “later form” Njūl is unlikely to be Westron, since there Westron seems not have palatalized consonants.

Westron [SD/306.1202] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

rānā

proper name. Moon
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

ran

root. err, err, go aside from course (commanded or self-chosen), wander, stray, go on uncertain course, wander, stray, meander, wander, stray, meander, go on uncertain course, go aside from course (commanded or self-chosen)
Primitive elvish [PE17/060.2309; PE17/078.1013; PE17/182.0301; PE17/182.0401; SA/ran.001; UT/242.3506; VT42/12.2106; VT42/13.2005] Group: Eldamo. Published by

reg

root. edge, border, margin
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya 

rána

noun. Moon, the moon (disc)
Qenya [GL/64.8404; GL/65.8404; LT1/192.2706; LT1A/Rána.001; LT1I/Rána.001; MC/213.3402; MC/213.3502; MC/214.0102; MC/221.0201; PE13/152.3904; PE15/75.2205; PE16/062.2201; PE16/064.1203; PE16/064.1205; PE16/072.2601; PE16/074.2501; PE16/075.1301; SM/097.2604; SMI/Rána.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

rana

noun. Moon, Moon, (lit.) Wayward, the Moon, Wayward
Qenya [Ety/RAN.006; EtyAC/RAN.008; LR/240.2203; LRI/Rana.001; PE22/022.0807; PE22/050.1903; PE22/100.3002; RSI/Rana.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

réna

noun. edge, border, margin
Qenya [Ety/REG.006; EtyAC/REG.017; EtyAC/REG.018] Group: Eldamo. Published by

proper name. Moon

A name for the moon in linguistic notes from 1930s (PE21/38, 41), perhaps a derivative of the root ᴹ√NDŪ “go down”, though this root usually applied to the Sun. Its dual form Nunt referred to both the sun and moon (PE21/38).

Qenya [PE21/38.3204; PE21/38.3301; PE21/38.3302; PE21/38.3303; PE21/38.3304; PE21/38.3305; PE21/38.3306; PE21/38.3307; PE21/38.3308; PE21/38.3309; PE21/38.3310; PE21/38.3311; PE21/38.3401; PE21/38.3402; PE21/38.3403; PE21/38.3404; PE21/38.3407; PE21/41.3113] Group: Eldamo. Published by

isil

noun. Moon, Moon, (lit.) Sheen, Sheen
Qenya [Ety/I².014; Ety/SIL.016; Ety/THIL.015; LR/041.3603; LR/072.1304; LR/072.3704; LR/240.2001; LRI/Isil.001; PE19/031.1601; PE19/031.1604; SD/241.2808; SD/302.4208; SD/306.0811] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sil

noun. Moon, Rose
Qenya [LRI/Sil.001; LT1/085.3001; LT1/192.2712; LT1A/Sil.001; LT1I/Sil.001; PE15/77.6001-2; QL/083.3401; QL/083.3402] Group: Eldamo. Published by

silme

noun. moon
Qenya [PE15/75.2202; QL/056.7202-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

silmo

masculine name. Moon, the Moon

Guardian of Silpion, one of the Two Trees, in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/73). In the Qenya Lexicon his name was glossed “the Moon” and given as a derivative of the root ᴱ√SILI (QL/83).

Qenya [GL/67.5803; LT1A/Silmo.001; LT1I/Silmo.001; PE14/013.0601; PME/083.5809; PME/083.5810; QL/083.4001; QL/083.4002; SMI/Silmo.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

istil

noun. Moon

The Doriathrin word for the “Moon” developed from the primitive name ᴹ✶Ithil (Ety/I²), though it is unclear how the [st] developed. Perhap it was of the same origin as istil “silver light, starlight” (Ety/SIL).

Doriathrin [Ety/I².018] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

ranā

proper name. Moon
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/RAN.004] Group: Eldamo. Published by

reg

root. edge, border, margin
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/REG.001; EtyAC/REG.008] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ithil

noun. moon

Elements

WordGlossSource
IEty/I².001
THILTHILEty/I².011
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/I².009; SD/306.0904] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

rân

noun. Moon, the moon
Gnomish [GL/64.8401; LT1A/Rána.008] Group: Eldamo. Published by

celebron

proper name. Moon
Gnomish [GL/25.8301; GL/25.8302; GL/25.8401; LT1A/Telimpë.022] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

rân

noun. moon
Early Noldorin [PE13/152.3901] Group: Eldamo. Published by