Quenya zR5Ì#

hróva

dark, dark brown

hróva adj. "dark, dark brown", used to refer to hair (PE17:154)

mori-

dark, black

mori- "dark, black" in a number of compounds (independent form morë, q.v.):Morimando "Dark Mando" = Mandos (MBAD, VT45:33), morimaitë "black-handed" (LotR3:VI ch. 6, VT49:42). Moriquendi "Dark Elves" (SA:mor, WJ:361, 373), Moringotto "Black Foe", Sindarin Morgoth, later name of Melkor. The oldest form is said to have been Moriñgotho (MR:194). In late material, Tolkien is seen to consider both Moringotto and Moricotto _("k") _as the Quenya form of the name Morgoth (VT49:24-25; Moricotto also appears in the ablative, Moricottollo). Morion "the dark one", a title of Morgoth (FS). Morifinwë "dark Finwë", masc. name; he was called Caranthir in Sindarin (short Quenya name Moryo). (PM:353) In the name Morinehtar, translated "Darkness-slayer", the initial element is defined would thus seem to signify "darkness" rather than "dark" as an adjective (see mórë). (PM:384, 385)

ulca

adjective. dark

dark, gloomy, sinister

[PE 18:88] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

nulla

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “dusky”, “obscure”.

nulla

dark, dusky, obscure

nulla adj. "dark, dusky, obscure" (NDUL), "secret" (DUL). See also VT45:11.

núla

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “occult”, “mysterious”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
núlënúlë-
-aadjectival suffix-

[PE17/125.2508] Group: Eldamo. Published by

núla

dark, occult, mysterious

núla ("ñ")adj. "dark, occult, mysterious" (PE17:125)

morna

dark, black

morna adj. "dark, black" (Letters:282, LT1:261; also used of black hair, PE17:154), or "gloomy, sombre" (MOR). Used as noun in the phrase mi…morna of someone clad "in…black" (PE17:71). In tumbalemorna (Letters:282), q.v. Pl. mornë in Markirya**(the first version of this poem had "green rocks", MC:215, changed to ondolisse mornë** "upon dark rocks" in the final version; see MC:220, note 8).

morĭ

adjective. dark

PQ. dark

[PE 19:81] Group: Mellonath Daeron. Published by

hróva

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “dark brown (of hair)”.
Variations of the word: hrúva.

[PE17/154.4204; PE17/155.0609] Group: Eldamo. Published by

móri

dark

móri adj. "dark" (MC:221; this is "Qenya"; in Tolkien's later Quenya mórë, morë)

morë

noun/adjective. dark

Also glossed as “black; darkness”, “dark(ness)”.
Variations of the word: Mori.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Mori-stemdarknessPM/384.4109-1

Element in: Q. Herumor, Q. Morifinwë, Q. Morikotto, Q. morimaitë, Q. Moriquendi

[Let/382.4303; VT49/24.2003-1; PM/384.4109-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lúrëa

dark, overcast

lúrëa adj. "dark, overcast" (LT1:259)

lúna

adjective. dark

[PE17/022.4204] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lúna

dark

lúna adj. *"dark" in Lúnaturco and Taras Lúna, Quenya names of Barad-dûr (Dark Tower). (PE17:22). In the Etymologies, lúnë "blue" was changed by Tolkien from lúna (VT45:29).

lóna

adjective. dark

lóna

dark

?lóna (4) adj. "dark" (DO3/DŌ). If this is to be the cognate of "Noldorin"/Sindarin dûr, as the context seems to indicate, lóna is likely a misreading for *lóra in Tolkien's manuscript.

ulca

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “gloomy”, “sinister; evil”, “sinister”, “evil”.
This is one of two later words Tolkien consider for “evil”; the other is Q. olca < √OKO. Of the two, ulca has the longer conceptual history, dating back to early Quenya (QL/97). Both words have the same Sindarin cognate, S. ogol.

Ulca has two attested late derivations. One is from the root √UK (PE17/149), listed as a possible replacement of √OKO, but Tolkien marked this derivation as uncertain. Another derivation is ✶ū “not” + KAL “light” = ✶uk’la “gloom, gloomy” (PE18/88), an example of abnormal vocalization. If this second derivation is accepted, ulca could have later developed the senses “sinister, evil” either due to the “bad” connotations of Q. ú- or perhaps by influence of Q. olca. If so, it may have even supplanted olca as the general word for “evil” as it appears to have done in Tolkien’s later writings.
Variations of the word: ulca.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ulcalloablative*from evilVT43/23.4208

Element in: Q. henulca

[PE17/149.2104; VT48/32.2710; VT49/14.2601; VT49/19.1607; VT43/23.4208; PE18/088.0108; VT43/24.0407] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

dúath

adjective. dark

_ adj. _dark, black shadow.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:87] < _du-wath_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

dûr

adjective. dark, sombre

[Ety/354, S/430, UT/434] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dûr

dark

_ adj. _dark, gloomy, 'hellish'.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:152] < _(n)dūrā_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

doll

dark

doll (dusky, misty, obscure), lenited noll, pl. dyll. Note: In ”Noldorin”, this word appeared as dolt as well as doll, but the latter seems the best form in S.

dûr

dark

dûr (sombre), lenited dhûr, pl. duir

graw

dark

graw (swart), lenited raw, pl. groe. (VT45:16)

môr

dark

môr (black), lenited vôr, pl. mŷr (Letters:382), also

morn

dark

morn (black), pl. myrn, lenited vorn. Note: the latter word is also used as a noun ”darkness, night”. (Letters:386)

Khuzdûl

azan

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “dim”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
’ZNradicaldark, dimPE17/037.0107
ZNradicaldark, dimRS/466.1408

[PE17/037.0107; RS/466.1408] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech

búrz

adjective. dark

Element in: BS. burzum, BS. Lugbúrz

[PE17/012.0308; PE17/011.2005; PE17/079.1103] Group: Eldamo. Published by

búrz

adjective. dark

[PE17/11] Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

doll

adjective. dark, dusky, obscure

[Ety/355, Ety/376, Tengwestie/20031207] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dolt

adjective. dark, dusky, obscure

[Ety/355, Ety/376, Tengwestie/20031207] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dûr

adjective. dark, sombre

[Ety/354, S/430, UT/434] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

dûr

adjective. dark

Variations of the word: Dûr.

Element in: N. Barad-dûr, N. Durthang, N. Duveledh, N. Durion, N. durgul, N. Magladhûr

[Ety/DOƷ.042; WR/113.1006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

grau

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “swart”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Graurimclass-plural-EtyAC/GRAWA.006

[EtyAC/GRAWA.006; EtyAC/GRAWA.007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

dom

root. dark

Also glossed as “faint”, “dim”.
Variations of the word: DOM.

[PE17/151.3201; PE17/152.2805; PE22/153.4117] Group: Eldamo. Published by

du

root. dark

[This theoretical root was suggested by Iipitaka on the Elfling list, message <a href="#36296">http://tolklang.quettar.org/elfling-mirror/362nn/36296">#36296</a>]

mornā

adjective. dark

Variations of the word: mornā.

[Let/382.4307; WJ/362.1907] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ndulla

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “dusky”, “obscure”.

Qenya zR5Ì#

laumea

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “stormy”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
laume-QL/051.6401
-aadjectival suffixQL/051.6501-2

[QL/051.6501] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hui

noun. dark

Also glossed as “murk”, “fog”, “night”, “evening”.
Variations of the word: fui, -tui, hui.

Element in: EQ. huiva

[PME/038.8207; PME/041.4405; QL/038.7901; LT1A/Fui.005; MC/214.1801; MC/214.1901; PME/038.8205; PME/041.4403; QL/038.7902; QL/041.4101; QL/034.8001-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lóna

adjective. dark

[Ety/DOƷ.047] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lúrea

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “overcast”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
lúrëdark, overcastLT1A/Luvier.035
lúredark weatherQL/057.3201
-aadjectival suffixQL/057.3301-2

[LT1A/Luvier.038; PME/057.3505; QL/057.3301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

lúvina

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “overcast”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
LUVULUVUQL/057.2901
-inaadjectival suffixQL/057.3401-2

[QL/057.3401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

nulla

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “dusky”, “obscure”, “hidden”, “secret”, “misty”.

Element in: MQ. Terendul

[Ety/NDUL.006; EtyAC/DUL.021; EtyAC/DUL.058] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yanda

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “gloomy”.

[QL/105.0701] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

graw

root. dark

Also glossed as “swart”.

[EtyAC/GRAWA.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ndulla

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “dusky”, “obscure”, “hidden”, “secret”, “misty”.

[EtyAC/DUL.016; EtyAC/DUL.050; Ety/NDUL.004] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

fung

adjective. dark

[GL/36.3801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

morn

adjective. dark

Also glossed as “black”.
Variations of the word: môr.

Element in: G. Morgoth, G. Mormagli, G. Mornir, G. Morwinthi

[LT2/067.1202; GL/58.0805; GL/58.0801; LT1A/Mornië.065] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

drû

adjective. dark

[PE13/142.6601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

hinar

adjective. dark

[MC/217.1705] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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