Quenya zR5Ì#

orco

orc

orco ("k") noun "Orc", pl. orcor or orqui (WJ:390, ÓROK; pl. Orcor also in WJ:12, MR:74, 194). If the pl. form orqui is preferred, the word should be assigned the stem-form orcu-. Early "Qenya" has orc ("k") (orqu-) ("q") "monster, demon" (LT1:264; in LotR-style Quenya, no word can end in -rc.)

orco

noun. Orc

Also glossed as “orc”.
This word was adapted from its Sindarin cognate orch, since the Noldor did not encounter orcs until they returned to Middle Earth (WJ/390). There are two attested plurals for this word, orqui and orcor. One possible scenario is that the word was at first treated as a u-stem noun by analogy with urco (urcu-), but later as the two words were disassociated, the declension of orco was regularized and treated as an ordinary vocalic noun.

This is the theory followed in this lexicon, so that orcor is considered the regular plural and orqui archaic, probably active only in the First Age. If you use the orqui plural, you should also treat this as a u-stem noun (orcu-).
Variations of the word: Orko.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
orkorplural-WJ/390.2211
OrkorpluralOrcsMR/074.0904; MR/194.4009; MRI/Orcs.005; WJ/012.1906; WJI/Orc(s).023
orquiplural-WJ/390.2211
Orquiplural-WJI/Orc(s).023

[PE17/047.3714; WJ/390.2211; WJI/Orc(s).023; WJ/390.2302; MR/074.0904; MR/194.4009; MRI/Orcs.005; WJ/012.1906; WJI/Orc(s).027; WJ/390.2304; WJI/Orc(s).025; MR/074.0904|MR/194.4009|MRI/Orcs.005|WJ/012.1906|WJI/Orc(s).023] Group: Eldamo. Published by

urco

orc

urco ("k"), stem *urcu- and pl. urqui, noun: an old word used in the lore of the Blessed Realm for anything that caused fear to the Elves during the March; by the Exiled Noldor the word was recognized as the cognate of Sindarin orch and used to mean "Orc". The Sindarin-influenced form orco was also used. (WJ:390)

yelwa

loathsome

yelwa (1) adj. "loathsome" (DYEL; according to VT45:11, Tolkien changed this word from yelva.)

yelwa

adjective. loathsome

Sindarin iT2#7T5

glamog

noun. an Orc, "a yelling one"

[WJ/390] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

glamog

noun. orc

Variations of the word: Glamog.

Elements

WordGlossSource
-ogsingular suffixWJ/391.1701-2

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Glamplurala body of orcsWJ/391.1506; WJI/Glamhoth.006

Element in: S. Glamdring

[WJ/391.1506; WJI/Glamhoth.006; WJ/391.1701; WJI/Glamhoth.008; WJ/391.1506|WJI/Glamhoth.006] Group: Eldamo. Published by

glamhoth

noun. barbaric host of Orcs

[Ety/358, Ety/364, Ety/377, UT/39, UT/54, WJ/390] glam+hoth "the dinhorde, the yelling horde". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

orch

Orc

pl1. yrch, pl2. orchoth** ** n. Orc. Nand. ūriſ.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:47:52:54:127] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

orch

noun. Orc

Also glossed as “orc”.
Variations of the word: orch.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
orchothclass-pluralorcLet/178.0904; PE17/047.3610
Orchothclass-plural-WJI/Orc(s).018; WJ/390.1711
yrchpluralorcsRGEO/66.6302; RC/762.0605; PE17/127.2708; PE17/054.3909; PE17/052.4002
yrchpluralorcPE17/047.3610
yrchpluralOrcsMRI/Orcs.007; MR/195.0411; LotRI/Orcs.003; Let/178.0904
YrchpluralOrcsWJ/390.1711; LotR/0345.0901; WJI/Orc(s).018

Element in: S. Orcrist

[Let/178.0904; LotR/1131.1601; MR/195.0411; WJ/390.0901; MRI/Orcs.007; RGEO/66.6302; PE17/047.3610; RC/762.0605; PE17/127.2708; PE17/054.3909; WJI/Orc(s).018; WJ/390.1711; Let/178.2301; PE17/047.3701; WJ/390.1804; WJI/Orc(s).021; PE17/052.4002; PE17/127.2710; PE17/047.3612; RC/762.0607; MRI/Orcs.008; RGEO/66.6303; MR/195.0503; LotRI/Orcs.003; Let/178.0906; PE17/054.3901; WJ/390.1801; LotR/0345.0901; WJI/Orc(s).020; Let/178.0904|PE17/047.3610; WJI/Orc(s).018|WJ/390.1711; RGEO/66.6302|RC/762.0605|PE17/127.2708|PE17/054.3909|PE17/052.4002; MRI/Orcs.007|MR/195.0411|LotRI/Orcs.003|Let/178.0904; WJ/390.1711|LotR/0345.0901|WJI/Orc(s).018] Group: Eldamo. Published by

orchoth

noun. the Orcs (as a race)

[WJ/390] orch+hoth. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

urug

noun. Orc (rarely used)

[WJ/390] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

urug

noun. "bogey", anything that caused fear to the Elves, any dubious shape or shadow, or prowling creature

[WJ/390] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

orch

orc

orch (pl. yrch**, archaic †yrchy, coll. pl. orchoth). (RGEO:66, Names:171, Letters:178, MR:195; WJ:390-91, VT46:7). Other terms: 1) urug (monster, bogey), pl. yryg, 2) glamog (i **lamog), pl. glemyg (in glemyg) (WJ:391), 3) ”

Khuzdûl

rukhs

noun. Orc

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Rakhāsplural-WJ/391.0305; WJI/Rúkhs.001

[WJ/391.0307; WJI/Rúkhs.003; WJ/391.0305; WJI/Rúkhs.001; WJ/391.0305|WJI/Rúkhs.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech

uruk

noun. Orc

Also glossed as “orc”, “Orcs”.
Variations of the word: Uruks, uruk.

Element in: BS. Uruk-hai

[Let/178.0910; LotR/1131.1608; PE17/047.3402; PE17/052.4006; WJ/390.3401; WJI/Uruk.001; SD/033.2204; LotR/0324.1204; LotRI/Uruks.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Nandorin 5#2^7T5

urc

noun. Orc

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
ūriʃpluralorcsPE17/054.3912

[PE17/054.3912] Group: Eldamo. Published by

urc

noun. Orc

pl. yrc. In the Etymologies, the primitive form of this word is given as órku (defined as "goblin"), derived from an undefined stem ÓROK (LR:379).

This stem may be understood as a vowel-prefixed variant of the stem ROK "horse", assuming that this originally referred to the steed of the monstrous "dark Rider upon his wild horse" that haunted the Elves by Cuiviénen, assuming that the stem ROK was originally associated with Melkor's creatures. However, Tolkien later derived the Elvish words for "Orc" from a stem RUKU having to do with fear (WJ:389) and listed tentative primitive forms: urku, uruku, urkô. Since primitive final -u is lost in Nandorin (cf. Utum from Utubnu), the forms urku and uruku would evidently be capable of yielding Green-elven urc (while urkô would rather come out as *urca; cf. golda "Noldo" from ñgolodô). The plural form yrc clearly shows umlaut caused by the lost Primitive Quendian plural ending ; cf. the umlaut caused by the primitive adjectival ending -i, primitive lugni "blue" yielding lygn.

[H. Fauskanger (LR:379)] < ÓROK?. Published by

ūriʃ

noun. orcs

[PE17/54] Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

glamhoth

noun. barbaric host of Orcs

[Ety/358, Ety/364, Ety/377, UT/39, UT/54, WJ/390] glam+hoth "the dinhorde, the yelling horde". Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Rohirric

orc

noun. Orc

[LotR/1131.1406] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive elvish

urku/urkō

noun. orc

Variations of the word: urkō.

[WJ/390.0907; WJ/390.0408; WJ/390.0705; WJ/390.0407] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Westron

orka

noun. orc

[PE17/047.3502] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

násea

adjective. loathsome

Elements

WordGlossSource
nāse-QL/064.6901
-aadjectival suffixQL/064.7001-2

[QL/064.7001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yelwa

adjective. loathsome

Variations of the word: yelva.

[EtyAC/DYEL.021; Ety/DYEL.051] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

glamog

adjective. loathsome

Elements

WordGlossSource
glâmhatredGL/39.3501
-ogadjectival suffixGL/39.3701-2

[GL/39.3701; LT2A/Glamhoth.044] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thancol

adjective. loathsome

Elements

WordGlossSource
thancloathsomeGL/72.4401

[GL/72.4501] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

orch

noun. orc

Also glossed as “goblin”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
YrchpluralorcsMC/217.2001

[PE13/151.7201; MC/217.2001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.