Quenya zR5Ì#

-ye

suffix. and (pairs), and

[VT47/31.0101] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-yë

conjunction. and

- (4) conj. "and" as a suffix added to the second of a pair, as Menel Cemenyë "Heaven and Earth" (VT47:30, 31, VT49:25). Other "pairs" are mentioned as examples but not actually translated into Quenya by Tolkien: Sun and Moon (*Anar Isilyë), Land and Sea (*Nór Eäryë), fire and water (*nárë nenyë, or *úr nenyë).

-ië

suffix. abstract noun, adverb

[LotR/1110.0401-4, PE17/013.2002, PE17/058.3101, ] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ië

suffix. adverb, abstract noun

Variations of the word: -ië, -ie.

Element in: Q. alatúlië, Q. Andúnië, Q. aquapahtië, Q. aranië, Q. Carnimírië, Q. coloitië, Q. enquië, Q. hísië, Q. látie, Q. laurië, Q. lintië, Q. londië, Q. márië, Q. mornië, Q. Nárië, Q. Neldië, Q. olass(i)ë, Q. sangië, Q. sarnië, Q. Sindanórië, Q. sindië, Q. tárië, Q. tengwestië, Q. túrindië, Q. Yavannië, Q. yávië, Q. yénië

[PE17/058.3101; PE17/058.3407; PE17/058.3701; PE17/059.0101; PE17/059.0901; LotR/1110.0401-4; PE17/058.4301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-lë

suffix. adverb, abstract noun

Element in: Q. cendelë, Q. findelë, Q. findilë, Q. fintalë, Q. hantalë, Q. laitalë, Q. lambelë, Q. lindalë, Q. lumbulë, Q. maitalë, Q. máralë, Q. nurtalë, Q. oialë, Q. ontalë, Q. otsolë, Q. quellë, Q. quentalë, Q. sillë, Q. tallë, Q. tengwelë, Q. tumbalë, Q. wendelë, Q. yallë

[PE17/058.4304; PE17/074.0404; S/015.0101-4; VT39/16.0411] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-vë

suffix. abstract noun, adverb, adverbial suffix

Variations of the word: -ve.

Element in: Q. andavë, Q. coiv(i)ë, Q. cuivië, Q. ilúvë, Q. návë, Q. sívë

[PE17/074.1113; PE17/068.1610] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ya

dad

-ya (3) suffix of endearment, attested in Anardilya as an intimate form of the name Anardil (UT:174, 418), possibly also occurring in atya "dad", emya "mum" (q.v.) The forms ataryo "daddy" and amilyë "mummy" (q.v.) may contain gender-specific variants -yo masc. and - fem.

yo

and

yo conj. "and", "often used between _two _items (of any part of speech) that were by nature or custom clearly associated, like the names of spouses (Manwë yo Varda), or "sword and sheath" (*macil yo vainë*), "bow and arrows" (quinga yo pilindi), or groups like "Elves and Men" (Eldar yo Fírimor but contrast eldain a fírimoin [dative forms] in FS, where Tolkien joins the words with a, seemingly simply a variant of the common conjunction ar). In one source, yo is apparently a preposition "with" (yo hildinyar* = "with my heirs", SD:56).

arë

and

arë conj. "and", longer form of ar, q.v. (VT43:31)

and

and

a (2) conj. "and", a variant of ar occurring in Fíriel's Song (that also has ar; a seems to be used before words in f-, but contrast ar formenna "and northwards" in a late text, VT49:26). According to PE17:41, "Old Quenya" could have the conjunction a (as a variant of ar) before n, ñ, m, h, hy, hw (f is not mentioned), PE17:71 adding ty, ny, hr, hl, ñ, l, r, þ, s. See ar #1. It may be that the a or the sentence nornë a lintieryanen "he ran with his speed" (i.e. as quickly as he could) is to be understood as this conjunction, if the literal meaning is "he ran and [did so] with his speed" (PE17:58).

ar

and

ar (1) conj. "and" (AR2, SA, FS, Nam, RGEO:67, CO, LR:47, 56, MC:216, VT43:31, VT44:10, 34; see VT47:31 for etymology, cf. also VT49:25, 40). The older form of the conjunction was az (PE17:41). Ar is often assimilated to al, as before l, s (PE17:41, 71), but "in written Quenya ar was usually written in all cases" (PE17:71). In one case, Tolkien altered the phrase ar larmar "and raiments" to al larmar; the former may then be seen as representing the spelling, whereas the latter represents the pronunciation(PE17:175). More complex schemes of assimilation are suggested to have existed in "Old Quenya", the conjunction varying between ar, a and as depending on the following consonant (PE17:41, 71). An alternative longer form of the conjunction, arë, is said to occur "occasionally in Tolkien's later writings" (VT43:31, cf. VT48:14). In the Etymologies, the word for "and" was first written as ar(a) (VT45:6). In one source, Tolkien notes that Quenya used ar "as preposition beside, next, or as adverb = and" (PE17:145); compare ara.

ar

and

o (1) conj. "and", occurring solely in SD:246; all other sources give ar.

az

and

az, archaic form of the conjunction ar "and"; see ar #1.

-më

suffix. abstract noun

Variations of the word: -me.

Element in: Q. carmë, Q. felmë, Q. indómë, Q. normë, Q. Súlimë

[PE17/169.0213-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-rë

suffix. abstract noun

Element in: Q. Cormarë, Q. fanyarë

-ssë

suffix. abstract noun

Variations of the word: -sse.

Element in: Q. alanessë, Q. aranus(së), Q. carpassë, Q. celussë, Q. entulessë, Q. findessë, Q. incánussë, Q. Lótessë, Q. táris(së)

[VT49/30.2910] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

a

conjunction. and, by, beside, near

Variations of the word: a, ar, , ath, a/að.

Element in: S. Dor-Cúarthol

[LB/354.3003; PE17/102.2402; PE17/041.3312; PE17/041.2814; PE17/041.1401; PE17/041.0802; PE17/041.2515; VT47/31.0505; LotR/0953.2202; LotR/0305.0504; Let/448.3507; SA/ar.009; VT50/20.1201; PE17/102.2606; PE17/041.3106; PE17/041.2602; PE17/145.3103; PE17/145.2814; VT43/30.0507; MR/329.2103; MR/373.2712; SD/129.0102; SD/129.0507; SD/129.0601; SD/129.0605; SD/129.0609; SD/129.0704; SD/129.0803; VT44/28.2201; VT50/18.2201; VT50/19.1501; SD/129.0303; VT50/20.1205-1; PE17/041.3104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

a

conjunction. and

See ah for the form that this conjunction might take before a vowel

[LotR/II:IV, LotR/VI:IV, S/428, SD/129-31, LB/354] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

a

and

conj. and.Form of ad/ada before vowel, with soft mutation. Q. ar. ad, ada, adh

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:102] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

a

and

conj. and. About his mutation, see PE17:145.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:145] < ADA beside, alongside, by. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

a

and

a, or ah when the next word begins in a vowel: Finrod ah Andreth, Finrod and Andreth. In some sources, Tolkien uses ar as the conjunction "and", but a(h) would seem to be the proper Sindarin form.

a

conjunction. and

conj. and. Pedo mellon a minno! 'Say friend and enter'. Q. ar

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:41] Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ad

conjunction. and

conj. and. a/adh before vowel, with soft mutation. Q. ar. a, ada, adh

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:102] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

ada

conjunction. and

conj. and. a/adh before vowel, with soft mutation. Q. ar. a, ad, adh

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:102] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

adh

conjunction. and

ah

preposition/conjunction. and, with

The title Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth is translated as "converse of Finrod and Andreth", but some scholars actually believe this word to be unrelated with the conjunction a.1 , ar "and", and they render it as "with". Other scholars consider that "and" and "with" (in the comitative sense) are not exclusive of each other, and regard ah as the form taken by this conjunction before a vowel. That a, ar and ah are etymologically related has finally been confirmed in VT/43:29-30. Compare also with Welsh, where the coordination "and" also takes different forms whether it occurs before a vowel or a consonant (respectively ac and a). In written Welsh, a often triggers the aspirate mutation: bara a chaws "bread and cheese". This usage is seldom applied in colloquial Welsh (Modern Welsh §510)

[MR/329] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ah

conjunction. and

ar

conjunction. and

See ah for the form that this conjunction might take before a vowel

[LotR/II:IV, LotR/VI:IV, S/428, SD/129-31, LB/354] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Ídh

and

{ð}_ conj. _and. It was not mutated before vowels. a

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:41] < O.S. _ath_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

Ídh

and

{ð} conj. and.Form of ad/ada before vowel, with soft mutation. Q. ar. a, ad, ada

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:102] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

Ídh

and

{ð} conj. and. About his mutation, see PE17:145.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:145] < ADA beside, alongside, by. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

-as

suffix. abstract noun

Element in: S. cannas, S. certhas, S. fennas, S. galenas, S. iavas, S. ínias, S. innas, S. Lammas, S. lonnas, S. rammas, S. sennas

[LotR/1123.3607-2; RC/523.0710-3] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Telerin 1RjR7T5

ye

conjunction. and (pairs), and

[VT47/31.0509] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech

agh

conjunction. and

[LotR/0254.1401; LotR/1117.1103; PE17/011.1104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

a

conjunction. and

Element in: N. afarch, N. Ernil a Pheriannath, N. ongol, N. Rath a Chelerdain

[TI/182.1707; TAI/150.3706] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ar

conjunction. and

-as

suffix. abstract noun

Variations of the word: -os, -as.

Element in: N. oegas, N. bellas, N. bregolas, N. cevnas, N. gonathras, N. hannas, N. hobas, N. dannas, N. ínias, N. Lhammas, N. moeas, N. maenas, N. ovras, N. panas, N. pennas, N. ram(m)as, N. sarnas, N. thamas, N. tharas, N. thinnas, N. tobas

[Ety/AYAK.015-2; Ety/BEL.103-2; Ety/KHAN.030-2; Ety/MAƷ; MAG.025-2; Ety/MASAG.025-2; Ety/NAT.023-2; Ety/PAN.036-2; Ety/STAB.029-2; Ety/STAR.013-2; Ety/TOP.020-2; Ety/UB.022-2; EtyAC/KEM.012-2; Ety/ÁLAK.013-2; Ety/BOR.068-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

-yē

suffix. verbal noun, abstract noun, adverb

Variations of the word: -(i)ı̯ē.

[PE17/058.4302; VT49/48.0509] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-lē

suffix. abstract noun, adverb

[PE17/058.4305, VT39/16.0813] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-(a)lē

suffix. abstract noun, adverb

Variations of the word: -lē, ălē.

[PE22/138.0107; PE17/058.4305; PE22/138.0102; VT39/16.0813] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-(a)rē

suffix. abstract noun

Variations of the word: ărē.

[PE22/138.0108; PE22/138.0105] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ad(a)

preposition. and, alongside, by the side of

Variations of the word: ad, ad(a).

[PE17/041.2404; PE17/070.1604; PE17/071.1913; PE17/041.1403; PE17/041.2802; PE17/070.1801; PE17/071.0903; PE17/102.2602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

as(a)

preposition. and

[VT43/30.0501; VT47/31.0405; PE17/041.0804; PE17/041.3306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

-ie

suffix. abstract noun

Element in: MQ. Andúnie, MQ. Nárie, MQ. qelie, MQ. Tintánie, MQ. verie, MQ. voronwie, MQ. yénie, MQ. lúmie

-ie

suffix. abstract noun

Element in: EQ. aiqie, EQ. anūvie, EQ. apantie, EQ. koivie, EQ. qívie, EQ. fairie, EQ. fandelúvie, EQ. kondorie, EQ. liltie, EQ. nyarie, EQ. oiwie, EQ. ordie, EQ. pantie, EQ. perendie, EQ. qeleksie, EQ. qolúvie, EQ. tárie, EQ. tulpie, EQ. tyalie, EQ. unqie, EQ. urupurnie, EQ. úsiéra, EQ. vaqie

[GL/29.1903-2; QL/093.5901-2; QL/078.3701-2; QL/076.7501-2; QL/075.8301-3; QL/073.4501-2; QL/072.7201-2; QL/071.6801-2; QL/070.7001-2; QL/098.2101-2; QL/068.5701-2; QL/049.6701-2; QL/048.6701-2; QL/048.4001-2; QL/038.6401-2; QL/037.7601-2; QL/034.4801-2; QL/031.7601-2; PE15/74.1303-2; QL/055.1801-2; QL/100.1001-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-le

suffix. abstract noun, general action verbal suffix

Element in: MQ. aikale, MQ. ettele, MQ. farale, MQ. hortale, MQ. intyale, MQ. lindale, MQ. lirule, MQ. lúmeqentale, MQ. mankale, MQ. meryale, MQ. naikele, MQ. ñandele, MQ. qelle, MQ. qentale, MQ. tenkele, MQ. vestale

[PE22/110.2104; PE22/110.3805] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-le

suffix. abstract noun

Element in: EQ. aiqale, EQ. aistale, EQ. ettele, EQ. fatsale, EQ. imbile, EQ. inqile, EQ. isqale, EQ. kaitoile, EQ. kangale, EQ. kankale, EQ. kilinkele, EQ. kityale, EQ. lindele, EQ. lísele, EQ. vaktele, EQ. mantele, EQ. maptale, EQ. maqale, EQ. marmale, EQ. miqele, EQ. naikele, EQ. nyenyele, EQ. nektele, EQ. nessele, EQ. nostale, EQ. ondole, EQ. pampile, EQ. píqele, EQ. pumpole, EQ. qampale, EQ. qárele, EQ. qentele, EQ. qinqele, EQ. rendole, EQ. ristale, EQ. saikele, EQ. sinqele, EQ. siqile, EQ. sunqele, EQ. tarkele, EQ. tektele, EQ. tendile, EQ. tengwele, EQ. tintele, EQ. tiqile, EQ. tiutale, EQ. tókele, EQ. torqele, EQ. tunqele, EQ. túpele, EQ. vainole, EQ. vestale, EQ. víkele, EQ. wendele

[QL/029.5001-2; QL/076.5401-2; QL/077.1101-2; QL/077.7801-2; QL/079.6501-2; QL/080.4501-2; QL/082.5001-2; QL/083.7301-2; QL/084.1501-2; QL/087.3001-2; QL/090.6001-2; QL/091.6201-2; QL/091.7001-2; QL/092.6501-2; QL/092.8301-2; QL/093.3701-2; QL/093.8301-2; QL/094.0701-2; QL/094.6801-2; QL/094.7301-2; QL/095.7001-2; QL/099.4401-2; QL/100.4401-2; QL/101.1701-2; QL/076.4701-2; QL/101.2701-2; QL/075.7601-2; QL/072.3701-2; QL/034.0701-2; QL/036.7301-2; QL/037.5901-2; QL/041.6801-2; QL/042.5201-2; QL/043.4201-2; QL/044.0601-2; QL/045.0501-2; QL/046.1301-2; QL/046.7701-2; QL/047.1502-2; QL/054.6701-2; QL/055.0601-2; QL/057.4901-2; QL/057.6401-2; QL/061.5401-2; QL/063.2101-2; QL/065.1501-2; QL/065.3501-2; QL/066.1301-2; QL/066.6701-2; QL/069.0801-2; QL/070.2801-2; QL/074.4501-2; QL/103.5501-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

yo

conjunction. and

[SD/056.3206; PE22/125.1903] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ya(n)

conjunction. and

Variations of the word: yan.

[LFC/030.1508; PE15/69.2603; PE15/69.1804; QL/104.9401; PE15/69.2604; QL/043.2602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-me

suffix. abstract noun

Element in: MQ. melme

-me

suffix. abstract noun

Element in: EQ. allume, EQ. kelu(me), EQ. fenume, EQ. filume, EQ. kalume, EQ. palume, EQ. qelume

[QL/030.3001-2; QL/038.1401-2; QL/038.2901-2; QL/044.2101-2; QL/046.3201-2; QL/071.8101-2; QL/076.8001-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-sse

suffix. abstract noun

Variations of the word: -ssë.

Element in: MQ. kaimasse, MQ. eresse, MQ. hopasse, MQ. ninqisse, MQ. otornasse, MQ. valasse, MQ. varnasse, MQ. veasse, MQ. venesse, MQ. Víresse

[SM/206.0203-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-sse

suffix. abstract noun

Variations of the word: -sse.

Element in: EQ. eresse

[LT1A/Tári-Laisi.042-2; QL/085.4701-2; QL/084.5501-2; QL/084.1601-2; QL/075.1401-2; QL/053.4801-2; QL/052.6301-3; QL/048.7601-2; QL/041.2501-2; QL/041.2301-2; QL/037.1601-2; QL/036.0701-2; QL/029.5401-2; PE15/76.4603-2; PE15/69.0402-2; PE13/162.6903-2; QL/090.4601-2; QL/099.8101-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

ar

conjunction. besides, too, and

Variations of the word: ar.

[GG/15.2804; GG/15.2904; GL/17.0701; GL/37.7302; GL/38.2408; GL/49.8509; GL/49.8604; PE13/110.5501; GL/20.0201] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-os

suffix. abstract noun

Variations of the word: -os, -as, -ios.

Element in: G. crithos, G. doros

[GL/20.8105-2; GL/39.6301-2; GL/45.8401-2; GL/41.5501-2; GL/38.1701-2; GL/37.9101-2; GL/37.6501-2; GL/36.8301-2; GL/30.6601-2; GL/35.1501-2; GL/33.8501-2; GL/33.7801-2; GL/33.7001-2; GL/33.3501-2; GL/32.7901-2; GL/40.6201-2; GL/29.9201-2; GL/29.5001-2; GL/29.1101-2; GL/28.8801-3; GL/27.7001-2; GL/27.2601-2; GL/24.8701-2; GL/23.1701-2; GL/22.6201-2; GL/20.1201-2; GL/19.8003-2; GL/19.5801-2; GL/19.2801-2; GL/19.0701-2; GL/17.6701-2; GL/17.4901-2; GL/42.5601-2; GG/08.1803-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ri

suffix. abstract noun

Variations of the word: -ri, -dri.

Element in: G. bagri, G. baithri, G. bedhri, G. cagri, G. cluimri, G. cuibri, G. cuilogri, G. cwanchri, G. cwedri, G. cwim(ri), G. cwithri, G. dodri, G. drabri, G. engri, G. faigri, G. fofri, G. fugri, G. gimri, G. glaimri, G. glamri, G. glimri, G. glumri, G. gochethri, G. godaithri, G. golaudri, G. gothri, G. gudhri, G. gumri, G. gwegri, G. hestri

[GL/47.6701-2; GL/21.1901-2; GL/44.8501-2; GL/43.3801-2; GL/42.8501-2; GL/42.0901-2; GL/41.1001-3; GL/40.7201-2; GL/40.6801-2; GL/40.3501-2; GL/39.8301-2; GL/39.3601-2; GL/39.2901-2; GL/38.9201-2; GL/36.2001-2; GL/35.8701-2; GL/32.9201-2; GL/30.7201-2; GL/30.2401-2; GL/29.0701-2; GL/28.8002-2; GL/28.5301-2; GL/28.2901-2; GL/27.6801-2; GL/27.6701-2; GL/26.4201-2; GL/24.7301-2; GL/22.3101-2; GL/21.3601-2; GL/33.4701-2; GL/49.0301-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-oth

suffix. abstract noun

Variations of the word: -oth, -eth, -th, -ith.

Element in: G. anoth, G. daroth, G. faroth, G. guinoth, G. heloth, G. cweloth

[GL/21.2101-2; GL/23.9401-2; GL/32.9701-2; GL/36.7401-2; GL/44.4201-2; GL/44.8902-2; GL/47.0301-2; GL/45.5901-2; GL/47.0101-2; GL/19.5501-2; GL/28.5901-2; GL/29.2801-2; GL/34.2501-2; GL/43.0101-2; GL/48.7201-2; GL/43.8301-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.