Quenya zR5Ì#

-twa

their

-twa 2) an pronominal possessive ending mentioned in one chart of pronouns, apparently "their" referring to two persons (VT49:16); this may be an ending used in colloquial Quenya rather than formal language (it is listed together with the endings -ya "his, her" and -rya "their", that are explicitly said to belong to colloquial Quenya) (VT49:16-17)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-twa

-twa

-twa 1) ending for dual possessive (Plotz)

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-twa

suffix. their (dual)

Also glossed as “3rd person dual possessive”.

[PE17/057.3006; VT49/16.3906] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-lta

their

-lta (and -ltya), 3rd person pl. pronominal possessive suffix "their", alternating with -nta/-ntya in Tolkiens writings (VT49:16, 17), just as the ending -ltë "they" also has the variant -ntë. According to VT49:17, the ending -lta or -ltya will appear as -ilta, -iltya following a consonant; other sources rather point to -e- as the connecting vowel in such cases (VT49:17).

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-nta

their

-nta (2) possessive 3rd person pl. pronominal ending: "their" (VT49:17). Lintienta "their speed" (PE17:58), nassentar "their true-being[s]" (PE17:175). This ending corresponds to -ntë "they" (other versions of Quenya uses -ltë for "they" and hence -lta for "their"). Also -ntya, q.v. According to VT49:17, the ending -nta appears as -inta following a consonant (other sources point to -e- rather than -i- as the connecting vowel in such cases).

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-ntya

their

-ntya, possessive 3rd person pl. pronominal ending: "their" (VT49:17), corresponding to -ntë as the ending for "they". Besides -ntya the form -nta is also attested, but the latter clashes with the ending for dual allative. (Other variants of Quenya uses -lta for "their", corresponding to -ltë as the ending for "they".) According to VT49:17, the ending -ntya appears as -intya following a consonant (other sources point to -e- rather than -i- as the connecting vowel in such cases).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

-sta

suffix. their (dual)

Also glossed as “3rd person dual possessive”.

[PE17/132.2307; VT49/16.3806] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-va

from

-va possessive ending, presumably related to the preposition va "from". In Eldaliéva, Ingoldova, miruvóreva, Oroméva, rómeva, Valinóreva (q.v. for references), Follondiéva, Hyallondiéva (see under turmen for references). Following a consonant, the ending instead appears as -wa (andamacilwa "of the long sword", PE17:147, rómenwa *"of the East", PE17:59). Pl. - when governing a plural word (from archaic -vai) (WJ:407), but it seems that -va was used throughout in late Exilic Quenya (cf. miruvóreva governing the plural word yuldar in Namárië). Pl. -iva (-ivë*), dual -twa, partitive pl. -líva**.

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attat

2 fathers or neighbours

-t (1) dual ending, on nouns denoting a _pair of something: attat "2 fathers or neighbours" (VT48:19; see _atto), máryat "her (pair of) hands" (Nam), siryat "two rivers" (VT47:11), ciriat "2 ships" (Letters:427 read ciryat as in the Plotz Letter?), maquat "group of ten" (from maqua, meaning among other things "group of five") (VT47:7), nápat "thumb and index as a pair" (VT48:5), also compare met "us two" as the dual form of me "us" (Nam, VT47:11). Other dual endings known from the Plotz letter: genitive -to, possessive -twa, dative -nt, locative -tsë, allative -nta, ablative -lto, instrumental -nten, plus -tes as a possible short locative. It may be that these endings only apply to nouns that would have nominative dual forms in -t, and that nouns preferring the alternative dual ending -u would simply add the otherwise "singular" case endings to this vowel, e.g. *Alduo rather than ?Alduto as the genitive form of "Two Trees" (Aldu). The ending -t is also used as a verbal inflection, corresponding to pl. -r (elen atta siluvat**, "two stars shall shine", VT49:45; the verb carit** "do" would also be used with a dual subject, VT49:16; cf. also the endings listed in VT49:48, 50).

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ho

from

ho prep. "from" (3O); cf. -

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from

, lo (2) prep. "from", also used = "by" introducing the agent after a passive construction: nahtana ló Turin *"slain by Túrin" (VT49:24). A similar and possibly identical form is mentioned in the Etymologies as being somehow related to the ablative ending -llo, but is not there clearly defined (VT45:28). At one point, Tolkien suggested that lo rather than the ending -llo was used with proper names (lo Manwë rather than Manwello for "from Manwë"), but this seems to have been a short-lived idea (VT49:24).

[Quettaparma Quenyallo] Group: Quettaparma Quenyallo. Published by

o

preposition. from

[PE17/148.2907; PE22/168.1801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

va

from

va prep. "from" (VT43:20; prefixed in the form var- in var-úra "from evil", VT43:24). In VT49:24, va, au and o are quoted as variants of the stem awa "away from".

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var

preposition. from

Also glossed as “away to”.

Elements

WordGlossSource
va(away) from-
-rmotion to or towards a point-

[VT43/24.1207] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

-ent

suffix. their

Also glossed as “3rd pl. poss. suffix”, “3rd person plural possessive suffix”.

[PE17/046.2602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-wen

suffix. their

_3rd pl. poss. suff. their.See also the paradigm of poss. suff. in PE17:46. Earlier -ent_. -ent

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:46] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

o

preposition. from, of (preposition (as a proclitic) used in either direction, from or to the point of view of the speaker)

According to WJ/366, the preposition "is normally o in all positions, though od appears occasionally before vowels, especially before o-". With a suffixed article, see also uin

[Ety/360, WJ/366, WJ/369-70, LotR/II:IV, SD/129-3] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

o

preposition. from

_ prep. _from, of. In older S. o had the form od before vowels. o menel aglar elenath ! lit. 'from Firmament glory of the stars !'.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:42:54] < _au(t) _< stem_ awa_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

o

preposition. from

_ prep. _from. . This gloss was rejected.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:148] < AWA, WĀ go, move (from speaker), go away, depart. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

o

preposition. from

Also glossed as “of”, “(?origin)”.
@@@ for o + in = uin, compare no + i = nui (Ety/NU)
Variations of the word: o.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
uindefinite[from] theSD/129.0807
uindefiniteofSD/129.0903

[LotR/0238.0501; WJ/366.3409; SD/129.0809; RGEO/64.1304; RGEO/64.0605; RGEO/64.0402; WJ/367.0501; RGEO/63.0501; RGEO/63.0701; PE17/148.2911; PE17/042.2502; PE17/024.1902; LotR/0729.3901; LotR/0305.0602; LotR/0238.0701; RGEO/62.3604; WJ/370.0306; SD/129.0807; SD/129.0903] Group: Eldamo. Published by

od

preposition. from, of (preposition (as a proclitic) used in either direction, from or to the point of view of the speaker)

According to WJ/366, the preposition "is normally o in all positions, though od appears occasionally before vowels, especially before o-". With a suffixed article, see also uin

[Ety/360, WJ/366, WJ/369-70, LotR/II:IV, SD/129-3] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

o

preposition. from, of (preposition (as a proclitic) used in either direction, from or to the point of view of the speaker)

According to WJ/366, the preposition "is normally o in all positions, though od appears occasionally before vowels, especially before o-". With a suffixed article, see also uin

[Ety/360, WJ/366, WJ/369-70, LotR/II:IV, SD/129-3] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

o

preposition. from

Also glossed as “of”.

[Ety/ƷŌ̆.028; TI/182.1806] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

ăwă

preposition. from

[PE17/148.2909] Group: Eldamo. Published by

preposition. from

[VT47/35.2104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adverb. from

Also glossed as “coming from”, “as described by a genitive”, “from [?being] {near”, “behind”, “past[?] } as described[?] by a [?genitive]”.
Variations of the word: .

Element in: P. hōmen

[WJ/370.0104; PE22/168.1502; PE22/168.1802; WJ/368.2405; WJ/369.4008; WJ/361.2510] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

-llo

suffix. from

Also glossed as “out of; ablative suffix”, “out of”, “ablative”, “ablative adj.”.
Variations of the word: -illo, -lo, -ullo.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-llonplural-PE14/047.1009
-llorplural-PE14/047.1007

[PE14/047.0106; PE14/046.0901; PE14/078.0401; PE14/047.1009; PE14/047.1007; PE14/078.0403; PE14/047.0208; PE14/078.1501; PE14/078.0404; PE14/078.1504; PE14/078.1502; PE14/047.0213; PE14/078.1013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ho

preposition. from

[Ety/ƷŌ̆.023] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ô

preposition. from

Variations of the word: ô.

[GL/17.2306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

ʒo

root. from

Also glossed as “away”, “from among”, “out of”.
Variations of the word: ƷŌ̆, ƷŌ.

[EtyAC/LŌ.008; Ety/WŌ.152; Ety/ƷŌ̆.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

mu

preposition. from

[GL/58.8401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

hin

preposition. from

[MC/217.1903] Group: Eldamo. Published by

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