Quenya zR5Ì#

-twa

their

-twa 2) an pronominal possessive ending mentioned in one chart of pronouns, apparently "their" referring to two persons (VT49:16); this may be an ending used in colloquial Quenya rather than formal language (it is listed together with the endings -ya "his, her" and -rya "their", that are explicitly said to belong to colloquial Quenya) (VT49:16-17)

-twa

-twa

-twa 1) ending for dual possessive (Plotz)

-twa

suffix. 3rd person dual possessive, their (dual)

[PE17/057.3006; VT49/16.3906] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-lta

their

-lta (and -ltya), 3rd person pl. pronominal possessive suffix "their", alternating with -nta/-ntya in Tolkiens writings (VT49:16, 17), just as the ending -ltë "they" also has the variant -ntë. According to VT49:17, the ending -lta or -ltya will appear as -ilta, -iltya following a consonant; other sources rather point to -e- as the connecting vowel in such cases (VT49:17).

-nta

their

-nta (2) possessive 3rd person pl. pronominal ending: "their" (VT49:17). Lintienta "their speed" (PE17:58), nassentar "their true-being[s]" (PE17:175). This ending corresponds to -ntë "they" (other versions of Quenya uses -ltë for "they" and hence -lta for "their"). Also -ntya, q.v. According to VT49:17, the ending -nta appears as -inta following a consonant (other sources point to -e- rather than -i- as the connecting vowel in such cases).

-sta⁴

suffix. 3rd person dual possessive, their (dual)

[PE17/132.2307; VT49/16.3806] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ntya

their

-ntya, possessive 3rd person pl. pronominal ending: "their" (VT49:17), corresponding to -ntë as the ending for "they". Besides -ntya the form -nta is also attested, but the latter clashes with the ending for dual allative. (Other variants of Quenya uses -lta for "their", corresponding to -ltë as the ending for "they".) According to VT49:17, the ending -ntya appears as -intya following a consonant (other sources point to -e- rather than -i- as the connecting vowel in such cases).

-va

from

-va possessive ending, presumably related to the preposition va "from". In Eldaliéva, Ingoldova, miruvóreva, Oroméva, rómeva, Valinóreva (q.v. for references), Follondiéva, Hyallondiéva (see under turmen for references). Following a consonant, the ending instead appears as -wa (andamacilwa "of the long sword", PE17:147, rómenwa *"of the East", PE17:59). Pl. - when governing a plural word (from archaic -vai) (WJ:407), but it seems that -va was used throughout in late Exilic Quenya (cf. miruvóreva governing the plural word yuldar in Namárië). Pl. -iva (-ivë*), dual -twa, partitive pl. -líva**.

var

preposition. away to, from

Elements

WordGlossSource
va(away) from-
-rmotion to or towards a point-

[VT43/24.1207] Group: Eldamo. Published by

va

from

va prep. "from" (VT43:20; prefixed in the form var- in var-úra "from evil", VT43:24). In VT49:24, va, au and o are quoted as variants of the stem awa "away from".

attat

2 fathers or neighbours

-t (1) dual ending, on nouns denoting a _pair of something: attat "2 fathers or neighbours" (VT48:19; see _atto), máryat "her (pair of) hands" (Nam), siryat "two rivers" (VT47:11), ciriat "2 ships" (Letters:427 read ciryat as in the Plotz Letter?), maquat "group of ten" (from maqua, meaning among other things "group of five") (VT47:7), nápat "thumb and index as a pair" (VT48:5), also compare met "us two" as the dual form of me "us" (Nam, VT47:11). Other dual endings known from the Plotz letter: genitive -to, possessive -twa, dative -nt, locative -tsë, allative -nta, ablative -lto, instrumental -nten, plus -tes as a possible short locative. It may be that these endings only apply to nouns that would have nominative dual forms in -t, and that nouns preferring the alternative dual ending -u would simply add the otherwise "singular" case endings to this vowel, e.g. *Alduo rather than ?Alduto as the genitive form of "Two Trees" (Aldu). The ending -t is also used as a verbal inflection, corresponding to pl. -r (elen atta siluvat**, "two stars shall shine", VT49:45; the verb carit** "do" would also be used with a dual subject, VT49:16; cf. also the endings listed in VT49:48, 50).

ho

from

ho prep. "from" (3O); cf. -

ho

preposition. from

from

, lo (2) prep. "from", also used = "by" introducing the agent after a passive construction: nahtana ló Turin *"slain by Túrin" (VT49:24). A similar and possibly identical form is mentioned in the Etymologies as being somehow related to the ablative ending -llo, but is not there clearly defined (VT45:28). At one point, Tolkien suggested that lo rather than the ending -llo was used with proper names (lo Manwë rather than Manwello for "from Manwë"), but this seems to have been a short-lived idea (VT49:24).

o

preposition. from

[PE17/148.2907; PE22/168.1801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

-ent

suffix. 3rd pl. poss. suffix, 3rd person plural possessive suffix, their

[PE17/046.2602] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-wen

suffix. their

_3rd pl. poss. suff. their.See also the paradigm of poss. suff. in PE17:46. Earlier -ent_. -ent

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:46] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

o

preposition. from, of, (?origin)

@@@ for o + in = uin, compare no + i = nui (Ety/NU)
Variations of the word: o.

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
uindefinite[from] theSD/129.0807
uindefiniteofSD/129.0903

[LotR/0238.0501; WJ/366.3409; SD/129.0809; RGEO/64.1304; RGEO/64.0605; RGEO/64.0402; WJ/367.0501; RGEO/63.0501; RGEO/63.0701; PE17/148.2911; PE17/042.2502; PE17/024.1902; LotR/0729.3901; LotR/0305.0602; LotR/0238.0701; RGEO/62.3604; WJ/370.0306; SD/129.0807; SD/129.0903] Group: Eldamo. Published by

o

preposition. from, of (preposition (as a proclitic) used in either direction, from or to the point of view of the speaker)

According to WJ/366, the preposition "is normally o in all positions, though od appears occasionally before vowels, especially before o-". With a suffixed article, see also uin

[Ety/360, WJ/366, WJ/369-70, LotR/II:IV, SD/129-3] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

od

preposition. from, of (preposition (as a proclitic) used in either direction, from or to the point of view of the speaker)

According to WJ/366, the preposition "is normally o in all positions, though od appears occasionally before vowels, especially before o-". With a suffixed article, see also uin

[Ety/360, WJ/366, WJ/369-70, LotR/II:IV, SD/129-3] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

o

preposition. from

_ prep. _from, of. In older S. o had the form od before vowels. o menel aglar elenath ! lit. 'from Firmament glory of the stars !'.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:20-1:42:54] < _au(t) _< stem_ awa_. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

o

preposition. from

_ prep. _from. . This gloss was rejected.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:148] < AWA, WĀ go, move (from speaker), go away, depart. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

Telerin 1RjR7T5

ho

preposition. from

[PE21/78.3303] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

o

preposition. from, of (preposition (as a proclitic) used in either direction, from or to the point of view of the speaker)

According to WJ/366, the preposition "is normally o in all positions, though od appears occasionally before vowels, especially before o-". With a suffixed article, see also uin

[Ety/360, WJ/366, WJ/369-70, LotR/II:IV, SD/129-3] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

o

preposition. of, from

[Ety/ƷŌ̆.028; TI/182.1806] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

ăwă

preposition. from

[PE17/148.2909] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adverb. past[?] >>} as described[?] by a [?genitive], behind, coming from, from, as described by a genitive, from [?being] {near

Element in: P. hōmen

[WJ/370.0104; PE22/168.1502; PE22/168.1802; WJ/368.2405; WJ/369.4008; WJ/361.2510] Group: Eldamo. Published by

adverb. from [?being] {near, from, coming from, past[?] >>} as described[?] by a [?genitive], behind, as described by a genitive

Variations of the word: .

[WJ/370.0104; PE22/168.1502; PE22/168.1802; WJ/368.2405; WJ/369.4008; WJ/361.2510] Group: Eldamo. Published by

preposition. from

[VT47/35.2104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ʒō

preposition. from

[PE21/78.3212] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

-llo

suffix. ablative adj., ablative, from, out of; ablative suffix, out of

Variations of the word: -illo, -lo, -ullo.

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
-llonplural-PE14/047.1009
-llorplural-PE14/047.1007

[PE14/047.0106; PE14/046.0901; PE14/078.0401; PE14/047.1009; PE14/047.1007; PE14/078.0403; PE14/047.0208; PE14/078.1501; PE14/078.0404; PE14/078.1504; PE14/078.1502; PE14/047.0213; PE14/078.1013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ho

preposition. from

[Ety/ƷŌ̆.023; PE21/60.2508; PE21/60.0808] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ô

preposition. from

[GL/17.2306] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

ʒo

root. from, away, from among, out of

Variations of the word: ƷŌ̆, ƷŌ.

[EtyAC/LŌ.008; Ety/WŌ.152; Ety/ƷŌ̆.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

mu

preposition. from

[GL/58.8401] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

hin

preposition. from

[MC/217.1903] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.