Quenya zR5Ì#

-to

-to

-to ending for dual genitive (Plotz)

-o

of goodness

-o (1) genitive ending, as in Altariello, Oromëo, Elenna-nórëo, Rithil-Anamo, Rúmilo, Lestanórëo, neldëo, omentielvo, sindiëo, Valinórëo, veryanwesto, q.v. In words ending in -a, the genitive ending replaces this final vowel, hence atto, Ráno, Vardo, vorondo as the genitive forms of atta, Rána, Varda, voronda (q.v.) Following a noun in -, the ending can have the longer form -no, e.g. *máriéno "of goodness" (PE17:59, but contrast sindiëo "of greyness" in PE17:72). Where the word ends in -o already, the genitive is not distinct in form, e.g. ciryamo (q.v.) = "mariner" or "mariners". Pl. -ion and -ron, q.v.; dual -to (but possibly -uo in the case of nouns that have nominative dual forms in -u rather than -t). The Quenya genitive describes source, origin or former ownership rather than current ownership (which is rather covered by the possessive-adjectival case in -va). The ending -o may also take on an ablativic sense, "from", as in Oiolossëo "from (Mount) Oiolossë" (Nam), sio "hence" (VT49:18). In some of Tolkiens earlier material, the genitive ending was -n rather than -o, cf. such a revision as Yénië Valinóren "Annals of Valinor" becoming Yénië Valinórëo (MR:200).

attat

2 fathers or neighbours

-t (1) dual ending, on nouns denoting a _pair of something: attat "2 fathers or neighbours" (VT48:19; see _atto), máryat "her (pair of) hands" (Nam), siryat "two rivers" (VT47:11), ciriat "2 ships" (Letters:427 read ciryat as in the Plotz Letter?), maquat "group of ten" (from maqua, meaning among other things "group of five") (VT47:7), nápat "thumb and index as a pair" (VT48:5), also compare met "us two" as the dual form of me "us" (Nam, VT47:11). Other dual endings known from the Plotz letter: genitive -to, possessive -twa, dative -nt, locative -tsë, allative -nta, ablative -lto, instrumental -nten, plus -tes as a possible short locative. It may be that these endings only apply to nouns that would have nominative dual forms in -t, and that nouns preferring the alternative dual ending -u would simply add the otherwise "singular" case endings to this vowel, e.g. *Alduo rather than ?Alduto as the genitive form of "Two Trees" (Aldu). The ending -t is also used as a verbal inflection, corresponding to pl. -r (elen atta siluvat**, "two stars shall shine", VT49:45; the verb carit** "do" would also be used with a dual subject, VT49:16; cf. also the endings listed in VT49:48, 50).

ëa

eagle

ëa (3) "eagle" (LT1:251, LT2:338), a "Qenya" word apparently superseded by soron, sornë in Tolkien's later forms of Quenya.

ëaren

eagle

ëaren noun "eagle" or "eyrie" (LT1:251; this early "Qenya" word is evidently no more valid than ëa "eagle" in LotR-style Quenya.)

sor

eagle

sor, sornë noun "eagle" (LT1:266); rather soron in LotR-style Quenya

sornë

noun. eagle

sorno

eagle

sorno (þ) noun "eagle" (archaic thorno) _(Letters:427). Also soron. Early "Qenya" has sor, sornë (LT1:266)_

sorno

noun. eagle

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
soronprefixeagleSA/thoron.006-1

Element in: Q. Sorontar, Q. Sorontil, Q. Soronto, Q. Soronúmë

[Let/427.3106; PE22/159.0308; SA/thoron.006-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

soron

eagle

soron (or sornë) (þ) noun "eagle", before an ending sorn- as in pl. sorni, "gen.sg....sornen"; in LotR-style Quenya this would be the dative singular instead (THOR/THORON). SD:290 has the pl.soroni "eagles", changed to sorni as in the Etymologies. Early "Qenya" has the forms sor, sornë (LT1:266)

soron

noun. eagle

Element in: Q. Soronildi, Q. Sorontar, Q. Soronúmë

Soronto

eagle

Soronto (þ?), masc. name, seems to incorporate soron "eagle"; the ending -to is rare (occurs in suhto, q.v.), here apparently used to derive a masculine name.

Soronúmë

eagle

Soronúmë (prob. þ) (name of a constellation, apparently incorporating soron "eagle") (SA:thoron)

Sindarin iT2#7T5

thôr

noun. eagle

[Belecthor S/322,365, LotR/A(ii), Ety/392] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thoron

noun. eagle

[Ety/392, S/438, X/Z] Back-formed from the plural, see thôr. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thoron

noun. eagle

The Sindarin word for “eagle”, derived from ✶thorono (Let/427). The form word is difficult to explain. In the phonetic development of Sindarin, it should have become thôr. David Salo suggested that it could be a back-formation from its plural *theryn (GS/291), perhaps also influenced by ancient names where it still appeared, for example: Thorondor “King of Eagles”.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
Thoronathclass-plural-SA/thoron.001

Element in: S. Cirith Thoronath, S. Thorondir, S. Thorondor, S. Thorongil

[PE22/159.0309; SA/thoron.001; Let/427.2801-1; SA/thoron.008] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thoronath

noun. eagles

[S/387, S/438] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thoron

eagle

thoron, pl. theryn, coll. pl. thoronath. The sg. may also appear as thôr (with stem thoron-); thôr is also an adjective ”swooping, leaping down”. In ”Noldorin”, the pl. was therein (LR:392 s.v. THOR).

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

thôr

noun. eagle

[Belecthor S/322,365, LotR/A(ii), Ety/392] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thoron

noun. eagle

[Ety/392, S/438, X/Z] Back-formed from the plural, see thôr. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thoron

noun. eagle

Variations of the word: thoron.

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
thereinplural-Ety/THOR.013

Element in: N. Amon Thorn, N. Cilthorondor, N. Cristhorn, N. Elthoron, N. Thorondor

[Ety/THOR.015; Ety/KIRIS.015; Ety/THOR.011; Ety/KIRIS.012-1; Ety/THOR.013] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

thorono

noun. eagle

[Let/427.2706] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

-to

suffix. reflexive suffix

-ko/-to

suffix. reflexive suffix

[QL/047.4501] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ko

suffix. reflexive suffix

Variations of the word: -to.

[QL/047.4501; QL/047.4502] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sor(ne)

noun. eagle

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
sorn-stemeaglePME/086.2907; QL/086.1801
sorni-stem-PME/086.2908

[LT1A/Sorontur.008; QL/086.1801; PME/086.2907; QL/086.1802; QL/086.1701; LT1A/Sorontur.009; PME/086.2908; PME/086.2907|QL/086.1801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sorne

noun. eagle

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
sornengenitive-Ety/THOR.006
sornipluralEaglesEty/THOR.006; SD/290.1108
SornipluralEaglesSD/290.1308
Soroniplural-SD/290.1501

Element in: MQ. Sorontar

[Ety/THOR.006; Ety/THOR.026; Ety/THOR.008; SD/290.1108; SD/290.1308; Ety/THOR.004; SD/290.1501; Ety/THOR.006|SD/290.1108] Group: Eldamo. Published by

soron

noun. eagle

Variations of the word: soron.

[PE13/154.2106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin

thoron

noun. eagle

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
thoronengenitiveeagleEty/THOR.024

[Ety/THOR.024] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

ior

noun. eagle

Element in: G. Ioringli, G. ioroth

[GL/51.8101; LT1A/Eärendel.138] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ioroth

noun. eagle

Elements

WordGlossSource
ioreagleGL/51.8101

Element in: G. Iorothram

[GL/51.8301; LT1A/Eärendel.139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thorn

noun. eagle

Element in: G. Cristhorn, G. inthorn, G. Thornhoth, G. Thorn Sir, G. Thorndor

[GL/73.4501; LT1A/Sorontur.027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

thorn

noun. eagle

Inflections

WordFormGlossSource
thyrnplural-PE13/154.2101

[PE13/154.2101; PE13/154.2104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

þoro

root. eagle

[LT1A/Sorontur.006; QL/086.1601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.