Quenya zR5Ì#

-to

-to

-to ending for dual genitive (Plotz)

-o

of goodness

-o (1) genitive ending, as in Altariello, Oromëo, Elenna-nórëo, Rithil-Anamo, Rúmilo, Lestanórëo, neldëo, omentielvo, sindiëo, Valinórëo, veryanwesto, q.v. In words ending in -a, the genitive ending replaces this final vowel, hence atto, Ráno, Vardo, vorondo as the genitive forms of atta, Rána, Varda, voronda (q.v.) Following a noun in -, the ending can have the longer form -no, e.g. *máriéno "of goodness" (PE17:59, but contrast sindiëo "of greyness" in PE17:72). Where the word ends in -o already, the genitive is not distinct in form, e.g. ciryamo (q.v.) = "mariner" or "mariners". Pl. -ion and -ron, q.v.; dual -to (but possibly -uo in the case of nouns that have nominative dual forms in -u rather than -t). The Quenya genitive describes source, origin or former ownership rather than current ownership (which is rather covered by the possessive-adjectival case in -va). The ending -o may also take on an ablativic sense, "from", as in Oiolossëo "from (Mount) Oiolossë" (Nam), sio "hence" (VT49:18). In some of Tolkiens earlier material, the genitive ending was -n rather than -o, cf. such a revision as Yénië Valinóren "Annals of Valinor" becoming Yénië Valinórëo (MR:200).

Soronto

eagle

Soronto (þ?), masc. name, seems to incorporate soron "eagle"; the ending -to is rare (occurs in suhto, q.v.), here apparently used to derive a masculine name.

sor

eagle

sor, sornë noun "eagle" (LT1:266); rather soron in LotR-style Quenya

attat

2 fathers or neighbours

-t (1) dual ending, on nouns denoting a _pair of something: attat "2 fathers or neighbours" (VT48:19; see _atto), máryat "her (pair of) hands" (Nam), siryat "two rivers" (VT47:11), ciriat "2 ships" (Letters:427 read ciryat as in the Plotz Letter?), maquat "group of ten" (from maqua, meaning among other things "group of five") (VT47:7), nápat "thumb and index as a pair" (VT48:5), also compare met "us two" as the dual form of me "us" (Nam, VT47:11). Other dual endings known from the Plotz letter: genitive -to, possessive -twa, dative -nt, locative -tsë, allative -nta, ablative -lto, instrumental -nten, plus -tes as a possible short locative. It may be that these endings only apply to nouns that would have nominative dual forms in -t, and that nouns preferring the alternative dual ending -u would simply add the otherwise "singular" case endings to this vowel, e.g. *Alduo rather than ?Alduto as the genitive form of "Two Trees" (Aldu). The ending -t is also used as a verbal inflection, corresponding to pl. -r (elen atta siluvat**, "two stars shall shine", VT49:45; the verb carit** "do" would also be used with a dual subject, VT49:16; cf. also the endings listed in VT49:48, 50).

sorno

eagle

sorno (þ) noun "eagle" (archaic thorno) _(Letters:427). Also soron. Early "Qenya" has sor, sornë (LT1:266)_

sorno

noun. eagle

[Let/427.3106; PE22/159.0308; SA/thoron.006-1] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sornë

noun. eagle

soron

eagle

soron (or sornë) (þ) noun "eagle", before an ending sorn- as in pl. sorni, "gen.sg....sornen"; in LotR-style Quenya this would be the dative singular instead (THOR/THORON). SD:290 has the pl.soroni "eagles", changed to sorni as in the Etymologies. Early "Qenya" has the forms sor, sornë (LT1:266)

soron

noun. eagle

Soronúmë

eagle

Soronúmë (prob. þ) (name of a constellation, apparently incorporating soron "eagle") (SA:thoron)

ëa

eagle

ëa (3) "eagle" (LT1:251, LT2:338), a "Qenya" word apparently superseded by soron, sornë in Tolkien's later forms of Quenya.

ëaren

eagle

ëaren noun "eagle" or "eyrie" (LT1:251; this early "Qenya" word is evidently no more valid than ëa "eagle" in LotR-style Quenya.)

Sindarin iT2#7T5

thoron

noun. eagle

[Ety/392, S/438, X/Z] Back-formed from the plural, see thôr. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thoron

noun. eagle

The Sindarin word for “eagle”, derived from ✶thorono (Let/427). The form word is difficult to explain. In the phonetic development of Sindarin, it should have become thôr. David Salo suggested that it could be a back-formation from its plural *theryn (GS/291), perhaps also influenced by ancient names where it still appeared, for example: Thorondor “King of Eagles”.

[Let/427.2801-1; PE22/159.0309; SA/thoron.001; SA/thoron.008] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thôr

noun. eagle

[Belecthor S/322,365, LotR/A(ii), Ety/392] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thoronath

noun. eagles

[S/387, S/438] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thoron

eagle

thoron, pl. theryn, coll. pl. thoronath. The sg. may also appear as thôr (with stem thoron-); thôr is also an adjective ”swooping, leaping down”. In ”Noldorin”, the pl. was therein (LR:392 s.v. THOR).

Adûnaic

narak

noun. eagle

A noun attested only in the plural subjective form Narīka “eagles” (SD/251). This formation is peculiar, because it seems to be a neuter subjective form, but the names of animals are generally common-nouns, as pointed out by Andreas Moehn (EotAL/NAR’K). If it were declined as a common noun, the subjective plural should be *narkim: compare Nimir “Elf” whose subjective plural form is nimrim (SD/436). Perhaps when Narīka was written, Tolkien had not finished working out the Adûnaic gender and case system.

[SD/251.0301] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

thoron

noun. eagle

[Ety/KIRIS.012-1; Ety/KIRIS.015; Ety/THOR.011; Ety/THOR.013; Ety/THOR.015] Group: Eldamo. Published by

thoron

noun. eagle

[Ety/392, S/438, X/Z] Back-formed from the plural, see thôr. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

thôr

noun. eagle

[Belecthor S/322,365, LotR/A(ii), Ety/392] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

thorono

noun. eagle

[Let/427.2706] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin

thoron

noun. eagle

[Ety/THOR.024] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

thorn

noun. eagle

A noun for “eagle” derived from the root ᴹ√THÓRON (Ety/THOR). Its cognates ᴹQ. sorne and N. thoron suggest a primitive form *✶thoronē, where the middle [o] was lost due to the Ilkorin syncope. Its plural form is not thurin as printed in The Lost Road, but is actually thurnin matching its singular (EtyAC/THOR), as predicted by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Ilkorin/thorn).

[Ety/THOR.038; Ety/THOR.040; Ety/THOR.052-2; EtyAC/THOR.017] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

sorne

noun. eagle

[Ety/THOR.004; Ety/THOR.006; Ety/THOR.008; Ety/THOR.026; PE21/33.1705; PE21/34.2201; PE21/34.2203; PE21/34.2204; PE21/34.2205; PE21/34.2206; PE21/34.2207; PE21/34.2209; PE21/34.2210; PE21/34.2211; PE21/34.2301; PE21/34.2302; PE21/34.2303; PE21/34.2304; PE21/34.2306; PE21/34.2308; PE21/34.2309; PE21/34.3101; SD/290.1108; SD/290.1308; SD/290.1501] Group: Eldamo. Published by

soron

noun. eagle

[PE13/154.2106] Group: Eldamo. Published by

sor(ne)

noun. eagle

Imported inflections

WordFormGlossSource
sorn-stemeaglePME/086.2907; QL/086.1801
sorni-stem-PME/086.2908

[LT1A/Sorontur.008; QL/086.1801; PME/086.2907; QL/086.1802; QL/086.1701; LT1A/Sorontur.009; PME/086.2908; PME/086.2907|QL/086.1801] Group: Eldamo. Published by

earen

noun. eagle, eyrie, eyrie, eagle, young eagle

[GL/51.8105; LT1A/Eärendel.033; PE12/025.0605; PE15/22.8506; PME/035.0307; QL/034.8402; QL/034.8403] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-to

suffix. reflexive suffix

-ko

suffix. reflexive suffix

[QL/047.4501; QL/047.4502] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-ko/-to

suffix. reflexive suffix

[QL/047.4501] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

thorn

noun. eagle

[GL/73.4501; LT1A/Sorontur.027] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ior

noun. eagle

[GL/51.8101; LT1A/Eärendel.138] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ioroth

noun. eagle

[GL/51.8301; LT1A/Eärendel.139] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

thorn

noun. eagle

[PE13/154.2101; PE13/154.2104] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Primitive Elvish

þoro

root. eagle

[LT1A/Sorontur.006; QL/086.1601] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.