-ssë 0suffix. abstract noun
Variations of the word: -sse.
-ssë 0suffix. himself
Also glossed as “herself”, “itself”, “3rd sg reflexive”.
-ssë⁴ 0suffix. he
Also glossed as “she”, “it”.
-ssë 0suffix. locative ending
Also glossed as “inessive/adessive”, “rest at or in”.
Word Gloss Source se at -
-ssë 0he loves himself
-ssë (2), 3rd person sg. reflexive ending, melissë "he loves himself", possibly also quernessë *"he turned (himself)" (VT49:20-21). Compare -ttë #2. The ending -ssë* seems prone to confusion with the locative ending; an alternative wording would be the analytical construction melis immo with a separate reflexive pronoun. Tolkien himself changed quernessë to quernes immo **(VT49:20-21).
-ssë (3) possible longer form of the 3rd person ending -s; see -s #1. Such an ending probably could not coexist with -ssë #2 above. In one source, Tolkien first queried, then deleted this ending (VT49:49).
-ssë (1) locative ending (compare the preposition se, sé "at", q.v.); in Lóriendessë, lúmessë, máriessë, yalúmessë (q.v. for reference); pl. -ssen in yassen, lúmissen, mahalmassen, símaryassen, tarmenissen, q.v. Pronouns take the simple ending -ssë, even if the pronoun is plural by its meaning (messë "on us", VT44:12). The part. pl. (-lissë or -lissen) and dual (-tsë) locative endings are known from the Plotz letter only.
-s (2) ending for the mysterious case sometimes called "respective", actually probably a shorter variant of the locative in -ssë. Pl. -is, dual -tes, partitive pl. -lis.
-s 0suffix. he
Also glossed as “she”, “it; him”, “her”, “it”, “3rd person singular animate”, “3rd person singular neuter”, “3rd person singular”, “3rd person objective singular”, “[Singular] 3”.
Variations of the word: -s, se, -sse.
-vë 0suffix. abstract noun
Also glossed as “adverb”, “adverbial suffix”.
Variations of the word: -ve.
se 0at, in
se (2), also long sé, preposition "at, in" (VT43:30; compare the "locative prefix" se- possibly occurring in an early "Qenya" text, VT27:25)
se 0pronoun. he
Also glossed as “she”, “it (animate)”, “independent 3rd person pronoun”, “him”, “animate”, “it”, “S[ingular] 3”.
Variations of the word: se.
Word Form Gloss Source sen(na) allative to him PE17/091.4105 sena dative to him VT49/14.1807 senna allative - VT49/45.3910
se 0he, she, it
se (1) pron. "he, she, it" also object "him, her, it", 3rd person sg. Used "of living things including plants" (VT49:37; the corresponding inaimate pronoun is sa). The pronoun comes directly from se as the original stem-form (VT49:50). Stressed form sé, VT49:51, attested in object position in melin sé "I love him" (VT49:21). Ósë "with him/her", VT43:29; see ó-. Long dative/allative sena "[to/for] him" or "at him", VT49:14, allative senna "to him/her" (VT49:45, 46). Compare the reflexive pronoun insë *"himself, herself".
insë 0pronoun. himself
Also glossed as “herself”, “S 3 reflexive”.
Word Gloss Source im- same - -s he -
insë "himself" and "herself", 3rd person sg. personal reflexive pronoun, apparently covering both genders, e.g. *tiris insë "(s)he watches him/herself" (but apparently the general reflexive pronoun immo may also be used, and it may even be preferable since the cluster ns seems unusual for Quenya). Compare insa, the corresponding impersonal form. Insë is derived from earlier imsë, a form that was possibly also used in Quenya (unless "imse" in Tolkien's manuscript is intended as an etymological form only, though it is not asterisked) (VT47:37)
essë (2) pron? "he" (and also "she, it"?), possible emphatic 3rd sg. emphatic pronoun, attested in the sentence essë úpa nas "he is dumb" (PE17:126)
-ttë 0they love themselves
-ttë (2), 3rd person pl. reflexive ending, as in melittë "they love themselves" (VT49:21). This ending can hardly coexist with #1 above; an alternative wording would be the analytical construction *meliltë intë. Compare -ssë #2.
-ro pronominal ending "he", in antaváro, q.v. In Tolkiens later Quenya, the ending -s covers both "he", "she" and "it".
-tsë, dual locative ending (Plotz); see -ssë
-is ending for the plural form of an unidentified case, by some called "respective" or "short locative" (Plotz)
-lë 0suffix. abstract noun
Also glossed as “adverb”.
Variations of the word: -lë.
Element in: Q. cendelë, Q. findelë, Q. findilë, Q. fintalë, Q. hantalë, Q. laitalë, Q. lambelë, Q. lindalë, Q. lumbulë, Q. maitalë, Q. máralë, Q. nurtalë, Q. oialë, Q. ontalë, Q. otsolë, Q. quellë, Q. quentalë, Q. sillë, Q. tallë, Q. tengwelë, Q. tumbalë, Q. wendelë, Q. yallë
-ië 0suffix. abstract noun
Also glossed as “adverb”.
Variations of the word: -ië, -ie.
Element in: Q. alatúlië, Q. Andúnië, Q. aquapahtië, Q. aranië, Q. Carnimírië, Q. coloitië, Q. enquië, Q. hísië, Q. látie, Q. laurië, Q. lintië, Q. londië, Q. márië, Q. mornië, Q. Nárië, Q. Neldië, Q. olass(i)ë, Q. sangië, Q. sarnië, Q. Sindanórië, Q. sindië, Q. tárië, Q. tengwestië, Q. túrindië, Q. Yavannië, Q. yávië, Q. yénië
-më 0suffix. abstract noun
Variations of the word: -me.
-rë 0suffix. abstract noun
-ië 0suffix. abstract noun, adverb