Quenya zR5Ì#

rasta

cardinal. twelve

#rasta cardinal "twelve" (isolated from yurasta_ "24", two times 12; cf. the stem RÁSAT "twelve" listed in the Etymologies). See yunquë. (PE14:17)_

yurasta

cardinal. twelve

yurasta cardinal "24" (two times #rasta "twelve") (PE14:17)

yuncë

cardinal. twelve

yuncë ("k") cardinal "twelve", before it was altered to yunquë under the influence of minquë "eleven" (according to VT48:7, 8). The form yuncë is asterisked by Tolkien. Compare encë under enquë.

yunquë

cardinal. twelve

yunquë ("q") cardinal "twelve" (VT47:41, VT48:4, 6, 9; VT49:57; also compare the stem yunuk(w)-_ cited in VT42:24, 31). This word appears already in an early source (PE14:82)_. Some sources point to #rasta, q.v., as another word for "twelve". However, available post-LotR sources indicate that Tolkien intended yunquë as the regular Quenya word for "twelve".

yunquë

cardinal. twelve, 12

Elements

WordGlossSource
yu--VT48/10.1609
enquësixVT48/10.1613

Element in: Q. yunquenta, Q. yunquesta

[PE17/095.3908; VT47/41.3203; VT48/06.1511; VT48/07.1809; VT48/08.1102; VT48/09.1305; VT48/10.1506] Group: Eldamo. Published by

-rasta

suffix. twelve

Sindarin iT2#7T5

imp

cardinal. twelve

[PE/17:95] Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

imp

cardinal. twelve

_ card. _twelve. Q. yunque. imp << iug. imp. This gloss was rejected.

[(PE17 Sindarin Corpus) PE17:95] -. Group: Parma Eldalamberon 17 Sindarin Corpus. Published by

inib

cardinal. twelve

[VT/47:41, VT/48:6,8,12] Dual of *enek "six", CE yûneke, Q. yunke, T. yûnece. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

yneb

cardinal. twelve

[VT/47:41, VT/48:6,8,12] Dual of *enek "six", CE yûneke, Q. yunke, T. yûnece. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

yneg

cardinal. twelve

[VT/47:41, VT/48:6,8,12] Dual of *enek "six", CE yûneke, Q. yunke, T. yûnece. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ýneg

cardinal. twelve

[VT/47:41, VT/48:6,8,12] Dual of *enek "six", CE yûneke, Q. yunke, T. yûnece. Group: Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary. Published by

ýneg

cardinal. twelve, 12

Variations of the word: iug.

[PE17/095.4008; PE17/096.0103; VT48/09.1303; VT47/41.3207; VT48/06.1901; VT48/08.1007] Group: Eldamo. Published by

ýneg

cardinal. twelve

ýneg (VT47:41, VT48:6, 8, 12)


Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

rasat

root. twelve

yūnekē

cardinal. twelve, 2 sixes, 12

Variations of the word: yunuk(w), yūnekē̆, yū-enekē.

Elements

WordGlossSource
ENEK12VT47/41.3017
YUtwo; VT48/10.1609-1
ENEKsixVT48/08.0801

[VT48/09.1101; VT48/08.1001; VT48/08.2203; VT48/10.1715; VT47/41.3007; VT48/08.2201; VT42/24.1004] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

rasat

root. 12, twelve

The Etymologies gloss this root as “twelve”, and students of Elvish long supposed that its unattested derivative *rasta was the Quenya word for “twelve”. In later publications, however, the Quenya word for “twelve” was given as yunquë (VT47/41), derived from primitive ✶yūnekē.

This word yunquë dates back to Early Quenya, first appearing as ᴱQ. yunqe in the Early Qenya Grammar from the 1920s (PE14/82), so it is likely that the √RASAT “twelve” co-existed with ✶yūnekē when that root was introduced in the 1930s. As a Quenya word, rasta only appears as a suffix in yurasta “twenty four” (twice-twelve) in a discussion of the Elvish duodecimal (base twelve) counting system (PE14/17). It may be that ✶yūnekē was used for the general word for “twelve”, while √RASAT was used for “groups of twelve” as part of this duodecimal system. If so, it may have only been used as a suffix in grouping words in this counting system. That is the theory used in in this lexicon.

[PE14/017.3802; Ety/RÁSAT.001] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Black Speech, Nandorin, Noldorin, Quendya, Quenya, Sindarin, Telerin are languages conceived by Tolkien and they do not belong to us; we neither can nor do claim affiliation with Middle-earth Enterprises nor Tolkien Estate.