Quenya zR5Ì#

-mo

suffix. agental suffix
Quenya [MR/049.2606-2; WJ/400.0506] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -r(o)

suffix. agental suffix
Quenya [PE18/100.2811-2; VT41/13.2805-2; WJ/371.2904-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -a

suffix. adjectival suffix

This suffix is frequently used to create the adjective form of a noun, especially in the form -ëa for nouns ending in . This function dates back to CE. ✶.

Quenya [LotR/1116.3603-2; MC/223.3202-3; PE16/096.0403-2; PE17/115.2414-2; PE17/149.0706-2; VT39/20.1202-3] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Sindarin iT2#7T5

* -og

suffix. singular suffix
Sindarin [WJ/391.1701-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -or

suffix. agental suffix
Sindarin [LotR/0081.4105-3] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -(r)on

suffix. agental suffix
Sindarin [PE17/170.0417-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Adûnaic

* -ân

suffix. agental suffix

A suffix that is used in some examples for agental-formation: creating nouns from verbs that indicate the agent who performs the verb’s action. The clearest example is sapthân “wise man” derived (after some ancient sound modifications) from saphad- “to understand”. This formation means “one who understands”. Less clear examples are magân “wright, builder”, perhaps from a verb mag- “to build”, and kathuphazgân “conquerer”, perhaps a combined of katha “all” and a verb ?phazag- “to take”, meaning “*one who takes all”.

It is not clear how this suffix related to the similar participle suffix -ân¹ used for form adjectives from verbs. See the entry on participle for further discussion. Andreas Moehn suggested (EotAL/TAN) that -ân as an agental formation may be related to anâ “human being”.

Adûnaic [SD/429.15073] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Noldorin 5^mY7T5

* -od

suffix. singular suffix

@@@ also filigod

Noldorin [EtyAC/LOT(H).018-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -on

suffix. agental suffix
Noldorin Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -or

suffix. agental suffix
Noldorin [Ety/MAK.034-2; Ety/ÑGOL.035-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ion

suffix. adjectival suffix
Noldorin [Ety/TIL.017-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -(i)on

suffix. adjectival suffix
Noldorin [Ety/TIL.017-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -(r)on

suffix. agental suffix
Noldorin [Ety/BAD.014-2; Ety/BARÁD.049-2; Ety/KHAT.008-2; Ety/MEL.035-2; Ety/MEL.041-2; EtyAC/MAK.143-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Beware, older languages below! The languages below were invented during Tolkien's earlier period and should be used with caution. Remember to never, ever mix words from different languages!

Primitive elvish

-ndo

verb. agental suffix
Primitive elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

Primitive adûnaic

* -ān

suffix. agental suffix

An apparent primitive form of the Classical Adûnaic agental suffix -ân², attested in the Primitive Adûnaic word saphdān = SAPHAD + -ān (SD/421).

Primitive adûnaic [SD/421.33041] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Qenya zR5Ì#

* -mo

suffix. agental suffix
Qenya [Ety/KAL.154-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -mo

suffix. agental suffix
Qenya [QL/052.1601-2; QL/058.7001-2; QL/078.3201-2; QL/100.1501-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ro

suffix. agental suffix
Qenya [Ety/ÑGAN.019-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -a

suffix. adjectival suffix
Qenya [Ety/ERE.014-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -a

suffix. adjectival suffix
Qenya [PE14/047.1611-3; PE14/051.1904-2; PE14/079.2801-2; PE15/67.3304-1; PE15/73.0503-2; PE16/100.2406-3; QL/030.0801-2; QL/030.8401-2; QL/033.4101-2; QL/033.6901-2; QL/034.0801-2; QL/035.1501-2; QL/037.1601-3; QL/037.5101-2; QL/039.6501-2; QL/039.7901-2; QL/042.1301-2; QL/043.4301-2; QL/047.1601-2; QL/047.7201-2; QL/048.5401-2; QL/048.6201-2; QL/048.9201-2; QL/049.1401-2; QL/049.1601-2; QL/051.4001-2; QL/051.5801-2; QL/051.6501-2; QL/052.7501-2; QL/053.6401-3; QL/053.6701-3; QL/053.6901-2; QL/053.7001-3; QL/053.7301-3; QL/054.5701-2; QL/054.6101-2; QL/054.6801-2; QL/054.7301-2; QL/054.7501-3; QL/055.0301-2; QL/055.5401-2; QL/055.9001-2; QL/056.0101-2; QL/056.5301-2; QL/056.6201-2; QL/056.7202-2; QL/056.7601-2; QL/057.0201-2; QL/057.3301-2; QL/057.5501-2; QL/057.6501-2; QL/058.3901-2; QL/060.7901-2; QL/061.6301-2; QL/061.6601-2; QL/063.4101-2; QL/063.5301-2; QL/064.5401-2; QL/064.7001-2; QL/065.1701-2; QL/066.4001-2; QL/067.8501-2; QL/067.8601-3; QL/068.2001-2; QL/068.2101-2; QL/068.2901-2; QL/069.0601-1; QL/069.8101-2; QL/070.8601-2; QL/072.1801-2; QL/072.3801-2; QL/073.8101-2; QL/074.5101-2; QL/074.5401-2; QL/074.8301-2; QL/075.2401-2; QL/076.2201-2; QL/076.2401-2; QL/076.3001-2; QL/077.1301-2; QL/077.1901-2; QL/077.4002-2; QL/077.7001-2; QL/077.7901-2; QL/078.0501-2; QL/078.1901-2; QL/079.3601-2; QL/080.7701-2; QL/081.4401-2; QL/081.6101-2; QL/082.5101-2; QL/083.5001-2; QL/083.5201-2; QL/086.7801-2; QL/087.3301-2; QL/088.5701-2; QL/088.6801-2; QL/090.2901-2; QL/091.0301-2; QL/091.0302-2; QL/091.2302-2; QL/091.4101-2; QL/091.4401-2; QL/091.6301-2; QL/092.3701-2; QL/092.7501-2; QL/092.7601-2; QL/092.8501-2; QL/094.2303-2; QL/095.7801-2; QL/096.0601-2; QL/096.0701-2; QL/097.8001-2; QL/099.8301-2; QL/101.2501-2; QL/101.7701-2; QL/102.0401-2; QL/103.1201-2; QL/103.6901-2; QL/105.4001-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ea

suffix. adjectival suffix
Qenya Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ra

suffix. adjectival suffix
Qenya [QL/030.1801-2; QL/048.7801-2; QL/066.8601-2; QL/071.5101-2; QL/091.8701-2; QL/094.0101-2; QL/105.6601-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ina

suffix. adjectival suffix
Qenya [PE15/77.4401-2; QL/031.3701-2; QL/031.7401-2; QL/043.2301-2; QL/043.6401-2; QL/043.8201-2; QL/044.3702-2; QL/044.9001-2; QL/045.3101-2; QL/047.5101-2; QL/051.7801-2; QL/057.1301-2; QL/057.3401-2; QL/058.3601-2; QL/074.3801-2; QL/075.1201-2; QL/075.4501-2; QL/080.2501-2; QL/081.1001-2; QL/081.1801-2; QL/083.4301-2; QL/083.7601-2; QL/084.4201-2; QL/084.8201-2; QL/086.6801-2; QL/086.9401-2; QL/087.3401-2; QL/088.5501-2; QL/088.6901-2; QL/088.7801-2; QL/091.2201-2; QL/093.6701-2; QL/094.6301-2; QL/094.7701-2; QL/094.8201-2; QL/102.2201-2; QL/105.1901-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Doriathrin

* -en

suffix. adjectival suffix

An adjectival suffix appearing as both -en and -in, and in one place as -on: Brithon. The -en form can be easily explained as a derivative of the primitive suffix ᴹ✶-ina, with the primitive [i] becoming [e] due to Ilkorin a-affection, the same origin as the Noldorin adjectival suffix -en. The -in variant is more difficult to explain. At least one example lómen had variations with both -en and -in, so perhaps the two forms represented vacillation on the function of Ilkorin a-affection, or an alternate primitive form ᴹ✶-ină where the final ă was lost before a-affection.

Alterately, -in could be a Doriathrin-specific variant, since the forms where it appears are all Doriathrin, while the forms where -en appear are marked Ilkorin, excepting only lómen which was itself revised from lómin.

Doriathrin [Ety/LAM.020-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Old Noldorin

* -ro

prefix. agental suffix
Old Noldorin [Ety/LED.031-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Middle Primitive Elvish

-ndo

verb. agental suffix
Middle Primitive Elvish Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ndō

suffix. agental suffix
Middle Primitive Elvish [Ety/KAL.064-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

Gnomish

* -og

suffix. agental suffix
Gnomish [GL/34.4801-2; GL/43.0501-2; PE13/109.0102-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -og

suffix. adjectival suffix
Gnomish [GL/18.0501-2; GL/18.8301-2; GL/19.1101-2; GL/23.6501-2; GL/27.2701-2; GL/27.6501-2; GL/28.7301-2; GL/29.5801-2; GL/30.8801-2; GL/31.2401-2; GL/31.5101-2; GL/32.4001-2; GL/32.5601-2; GL/33.0701-2; GL/33.3601-2; GL/34.7301-2; GL/34.8301-2; GL/35.5301-2; GL/39.3701-2; GL/41.0401-2; GL/42.4001-2; GL/42.7601-2; GL/46.7401-2; GL/47.5701-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -eg

suffix. adjectival suffix
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -or

suffix. agental suffix
Gnomish [GL/18.7801-2; GL/31.6101-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -(i)on

suffix. adjectival suffix
Gnomish [GL/17.7801-2; GL/20.0801-3; GL/21.8101-2; GL/25.0601-2; GL/25.5101-2; GL/27.0401-2; GL/33.9101-2; GL/34.1902-2; GL/36.5001-2; GL/46.6001-2; GL/46.7701-2; GL/46.9201-2; GL/48.5501-2; GL/48.7301-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -(r)on

suffix. agental suffix
Gnomish [GL/18.7501-2; GL/21.2301-2; GL/22.2801-2; GL/24.1701-2; GL/28.8701-2; GL/36.5703-2; GL/36.6701-2; GL/36.8501-2; GL/41.3501-2; GL/42.3601-2; GL/44.1701-2; GL/47.1401-2; GL/49.4201-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -ir

suffix. agental suffix
Gnomish Group: Eldamo. Published by

Early Noldorin

* -og

suffix. agental suffix
Early Noldorin [GL/34.4801-2; GL/43.0501-2; GL/47.1001-2; PE13/109.0102-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by

* -eb

suffix. adjectival suffix
Early Noldorin [PE13/108.7501-2; PE13/136.2401-2; PE13/158.2201-2; PE13/159.9101-2] Group: Eldamo. Published by